Cell Organelles

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Author:
nicknaj
ID:
87946
Filename:
Cell Organelles
Updated:
2011-05-26 19:32:05
Tags:
Anatomy Cell Organelles
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Description:
organelles and functions
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  1. Largest organelle, "brain" of cell, contains DNA, 2 membranes surround it
    Nucleus
  2. Ribosomes on surface, responsible for protein synthesis, forms interconnected channels
    Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
  3. Lacks ribosomes, functions in lipid (steroid) synthesis, cell detoxification, and calcium storage
    Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
  4. Small dark granules of protein and RNA, free in cytosol or on surface of RER, interpret genetic code and synthesize polypeptides
    Ribosomes
  5. Stacked membranes, modify proteins from RER, synthesize lipids, carbs, package proteins in vesicles for exocytosis
    Golgi Complex
  6. Packages of enzymes in a single unit membrane, produced in golgi, intracellular digestion, programmed cell death (liver/kidneys of cell)
    Lysosomes
  7. Enzymes which degrade toxic substances, neutralize free radicals, fatty acid degredation (immune sys of cell)
    Peroxisomes
  8. 2 membranes, E powerhouse of cell, ATP synthesis
    Mitochondria
  9. 9 groups of 3 microtubules, forms cytoskeleton, forms base of cilia/flagella, major role: cell division
    Centrioles

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