Social Studies African American Quiz

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Social Studies African American Quiz
2011-05-26 22:36:08
social studies african americans quiz

Social Studies Quiz on the African-American Experience (5/26/11)
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  1. Northwest Ordinance
    • 1787
    • barred slavery from territories north of Ohio River
    • year of Constitutional Convention
  2. William Lloyd Garrison
    • wanted immediate end to slavery; abolitionist
    • told reality of slavery in his newspaper
    • January 1, 1831, published newpaper: The Liberator
  3. Harriet Beecher Stowe
    • Uncle Tom's Cabin
    • extremely influential
    • showed reality of slavery cruelty
    • huge success, millions of people read
    • published in 1852
  4. Frederick Douglass
    • slave on Maryland plantation
    • owner refused him education, so he tricked white playmates into teaching him the alphabet
    • later sent to new owner in Baltimore whose wife taught him reading & writing
    • escaped to Massachusetts, became famous speaker for justice
  5. Sojourner Truth
    • born Isabella Brumfree in 1797
    • freed by a NY law in 1827
    • became deeply religious
    • became great orator & most effective of women abolitionists
    • after Civil War, became a champion of women's rights
  6. Underground Railroad & Harriet Tubman
    • 1830s~1860s
    • a network to protect AAs from capture
    • Northern Quakers were 1st to shelter runaways
    • from 1830~1860, prob 2,500 slaves a year took railroad to freedom
    • constant danger
    • Harriet Tubman: Liberty or death
    • Helped hundreds of slaves
  7. The Missouri Compromise
    • 1820
    • Missouri applied in 1819 as a slave state
    • North refused b/c then Senate would be imbalanced in favor of South
    • Maine was created out of Massachusetts, inducted as free state to balance
    • 36 degrees, 30 mins = line, above=free, below=slave
  8. Compromise of 1850
    • California became free state
    • Popular sovereignty
    • compromise included "Fugitive Slave Law" to gain Southern support
  9. Kansas-Nebraska Act
    • 1854
    • Bill to organize 2 new terriotories: Kansas & Nebraska but Missouri Compromise had barred slavery in that area
    • new proposal to repeal Missouri Compromise
    • question of slavery decided by popular sovereignty
  10. Dred Scott case
    • 1857
    • tried to sue for freedom b/c he had lived in free state
    • Supreme Court ruled that AAs couldnt sue b/c they were not citizens, b/c neither Declaration nor Constitution were meant to apply to them
    • Slaves are property of owner, property cannot have "standing"
    • Ruled that Missouri Comp. was unconstituional, b/c slavery was a property right
  11. John Brown's Raid
    • Harper's Ferry, 1859
    • Planned a slave uprising
    • Raided a federal arsenal for weapons, failed
    • seen as a martyr later on
  12. Presidential Election
    • 1860
    • Lincoln was elected president
    • Republican (liberal, anti-slavery)
    • Aim was not to end slavery, but to prevent its spread into the West
    • Main support came from N & W, Democrats lost b/c vote was split between N & S democrats
  13. Secession
    • 1861
    • South was outraged at Lincoln's election, they seceded from the Union
    • South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas
    • Formed Confederate States
  14. Civil War
    • Fort Sumter = first shots fired (0 died)
    • 1861~1865
    • Bloodiest war in U.S. History; 629,000 wounded/killed, including 38,000 AAs
    • Union had 22mil ppl, Confedarcy had 8mil
  15. Emancipation Proclamation
    • 1863
    • Lincoln's "savvy" move
    • Appeased northerners, did not anger border states, "freed" southern slaves
  16. Reconstruction
    • 1863 was turning point of war; April 9, 1865, South surrendered
    • Gov. had to decide how to rebuild the Union
    • Andrew Johnson became President
    • 13th Amendment ended slavery
    • Freedmen's Bureau
  17. 13th Amendment
    14th Amendment
    15th Amendment
    • Banned slavery
    • All citizens given equal protection under law
    • Gives men of any race the right to vote, 600 AAs serve in state legislation
  18. Jim Crow Laws
    • Established segregation as law
    • Used "separate-but-equal" excuse
  19. Plessy vs. Ferguson
    • Supreme Court ruled that as long as facilities for whites & blacks were equal, they could be kept separate
    • Reasoned that 14th Amendment "could not have been intended to abolish distinctions based on color"
    • "Separate-but-Equal"