Biology Semester 2

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jones911911@hotmail.com
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87968
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Biology Semester 2
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2011-05-26 23:15:19
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Final Review
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Biology 1 Final REVIEW 2011
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  1. Similar genera are grouped into a family
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  2. Each level of classification is based on shared characteristics
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  3. An ecosystem consists of a community of organisms, the soil, water, and weather and engery
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  4. Soil, water, and weather are abiotic factoers of a habitat
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  5. Secondary succession occurs as a previously existing community is replaced
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  6. Organisms that manufacture organic nutrients for an ecosystem are called primary producers
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  7. Refer to the illustration above. The diagram, which shows how energy moves through an ecosystem, is known as a food web
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  8. Refer to the illustration above. Level A is composed of producers
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  9. Food webs are more commonplace than food chains because organisms almost always eat, and are eaten by, many different organisms.
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  10. In a food web, a decomposer receives energy from every other type
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  11. Animals that feed on plants are at least in the second trophic level
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  12. Worms, vultures, and fungi are detritivores
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  13. Refer to the table above. Mutualism generally exhibits the type of relationship that corresponds to description 1 in the table
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  14. Most ecosystems tend to be complex because potential competitors in the ecosystems oftem occupy slightly different niches
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  15. Refer to the illustration above. An ecosystem located along latitude A would probabliy be more diverse than an ecosystem at latitude B.
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  16. The greenhouse effect many increase on Earth because increasing carbon dioxide will trap more heat.
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  17. Chitin is a tough material found in the cell walls of fungi
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  18. Snails, squids, and clams are all examples of mollusks
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  19. Jellyfish, sea anemones, and corals are all examples of cnidarians
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  20. One difference between plants and animals is that palnts are autotrophs and animals are heterotrophs
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  21. A typical virus consists of a protein coat and a nucleic acid core
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  22. Refer to the illustration above. Structure C represents RNA.
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  23. The capsid of a virus is the protective outer coat.
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  24. A pathogen is an agent that is harmful to living organisms
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  25. Bacterial endospores allow certain species to survive harsh environmental conditions
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  26. Amoebas capture food by englufing it
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  27. Amebic dysentery, toxoplasmosis, and malaria are human diseases caused by protists
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  28. Fungi obtain energy by absorbing organic molecules
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  29. Fungi are important to an ecosystem as decomposers
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  30. Refer to the illustration above. The organism can reproduce by fission, by forming buds, and sexually
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  31. Mushrooms, puffballs, and shelf fungi are examples of club fungi
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  32. Refer to the illustration above. Eukaryotiv, and absorbs nutrients are freatures that characterize the kingdom of which this organism is a member
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  33. Mycorrhizae aid in the transfer of minerals from the soil to the plant
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  34. A lichen consists of a fungus and an alga in a symbiotic relationship
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  35. A typical seed contains a seed coat, a cotyledon, and an embryo
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  36. Pollen is produced in a structure called the anther
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  37. The tissue, in plants, which transports sugars from regions where they are made, to regions where they are used, is called phloem
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  38. The primary function of root hairs is absorption of water and minerals
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  39. The root cap protects the growing root tip
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  40. The guard cells that surround a stoma swell with water, causing the stoma to open
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  41. The response of plants to periods of light and dark is called photperiodism
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  42. Refer to the illustration above. Organism B is radially symmetrical
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  43. Cephalizatoin is characterized by the concentration of sensory organs in the anterior end
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  44. The exoskeleton of arthropods is harde and encases the body
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  45. Oxygen and nutrients are transported around an animal's body by the circulatory system
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  46. Skeletal support in sponges may be provided by spicules of calcium carbonate, spicules of silica, and spongin fibers
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  47. To grow larger, arthropods must grow a new exoskeleton
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  48. All vertebrates have bilateral symmetry
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  49. A bird's skeleton is composed of thin, hollow bones, is more rigid than a reptile's, and contains many fused bones
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  50. A bird's heart has four chambers
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  51. Talons would most likely be found among birds that grasp their prey
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  52. Linnaeus's two-word systerm for naming organisms is called binomial nomenclature
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  53. Protista is an examples of a kingdom
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  54. A protist may be unicellular and heterotrophic, unicellular and autotrophic or muliticellular and autotrophic
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  55. Protists are found almost everywhere there is water
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  56. Eukaryotes that lack the features of animals, plants, or fungi are placed in the kingdom Protista
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  57. Pseudopodia are used for movement by amoebas
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  58. Algae are found in both fresh water and salt water
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  59. Fungi obtain energy by absorbing organic molecules
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  60. Fungi do not contain chlorophyll, do not produce their own food, and have cell walls that contain chitin
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  61. The individual that make up the body of a fungus are called hyphae
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  62. An economically important use of fungi is bread-making, the production of antibiotics and the manufacture of alcholic beverages
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  63. A lichen consists of a fungus and an alga in a symbiotic relationship
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  64. Refer to the illustration above. The tissue labeled B, which conducts water and is made of elongated cells that connect end to end, is called xylem.
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  65. Refer to the illustration above. Tissue labeled C, which transports sugars from regions where they are made, to regions wehre they are sued, is called phloem
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  66. The priamary function of root hairs is absorption of water and minerals
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  67. A flower is a reproductive structure
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  68. The movement of water through a plant is caused by ranspiratoin, capillary action, and the attraction of water molecules for each other.
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  69. The primary purpose of the fruit is seed dispersal
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  70. The stomata are responsible for regulating water loss
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  71. Flowering plants are classified as monocots or dictos according to the number of their cotyledons
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  72. Refer to the illustration above. Structure B is known as a sieve tube cell
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  73. Refer to the diagram above. The structure labeled C is the area where pollen lands and sticks
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  74. Refer to the diagram above. The structure indicated at F produces pollen.
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  75. The cutivle helps reduce the evaporation of fluids form a plant
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  76. Refer to the illustration above. The vein illustrated is made up of both xylem and phloem vessels
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  77. The point where two or more bones meet is called a joint.
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  78. A muscle can pull a bone
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  79. The skin performs functions such as proection, sensation of heat, and control of body teomperature
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  80. The sweat glands help regulate body temperature
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  81. Enzymes that cut DNA molecules at specific palces are restrictoin enzymes
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  82. The ventricles are the chambers of the heart that pump blood to the lungs and to the rest of the body
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  83. A respiratory disease in which airways in the lungs become narrow because of sensitivity to certain stimuli is called asthma
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  84. The wavelike contractions of muscle that move food through the digestive system are called peristalsis
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  85. The pharynx is located in the back of the throat
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  86. The urinary bladder stores urine before being expelled from the body
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  87. A function of hormones is to react to stimuli from outside the body, coordinate the production and use of energy, and maintian nutrition and metabolism
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  88. Refer to the diagram above. The gland that is stimulated during emergency situatoins (causing the "fight-or-flight" resonse) is gland C
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  89. Refer to the diagram above. Development and miantenance of female sexual characteristics are mainly stimulated by secretions of gland D.
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  90. Refer to the illustratoin above. The structure labeled B is an egg cell.
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  91. The entrance to the uterus is called the cervix
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  92. The embryo is found when the fertilized egg divides
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  93. Refer to the illustratoin above. The most likely reason for Response 2 being greater than Resonse 1 in the graph is memory cells were produced in Response 1.
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  94. Motor neurons transmit messages from the central nervous system to a muscle or galnd
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  95. A disease-causing agent is called a pathogen
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  96. The fluid between cells is transported to the bloodstream by the lymphatic system
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  97. Tendons connects muscle to bone
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  98. Gel electrophoresis is a technique used to separate DNA fragments by charge and length
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  99. Cloning is a process by which many identical cells may be produced
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011
  100. Refer to the illustration above. The vessels indicated by C carry deoxygenated blood. The vessels are the pulmonary arteries.
    BIOLOGY 1 FINAL REVIEW 2011

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