From Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice (4th edition), 2006, Renfrew and Bahn, Thames & Hudson
According to the then-standard interpretation of the Bible, in the 19th Century people believed the world was created in what year?
Which historical figure completed excavations and housed his finds in a museum?
Who formed the first cabinets of curiosities?
Who conducted the first scientific excavation?
During the 20th century the first excavations at Pompeii below the ground level of the AD 79 volcanic eruption were carried out by
The dimensions of the Villa of the Papyri at which site were followed by J. Paul Getty in the construction of his museum at Malibu, California?
In what year did Vesuvius erupt, burying Pompeii under layers of volcanic ash and Herculaneum in volcanic mud?
Which one of these scripts was on the Rosetta Stone?
Who produced the superbly illustrated books on the Maya in the 1840s after a visit to Mexico?
Catherwood and Stephens
Who was the author of Ancient Society (1877), a work which strongly influenced Marx?
Lewis Henry Morgan
The final decipherment of cuneiform by Henry Rawlinson took place in the
Who were some of the key figures in the development of a sound methodology of scientific archaeology in the late 19th century?
All of the above (General Pitt-Rivers, Dorothy Garrod, William Flinders Petrie)
Scientific archaeology in South America owes much to which archaeologist?
Which early 20th century archaeologist, the author of "Man Makes Himself," was influenced by Russia's Marxist Revolution?
Where was Grahame Clark’s landmark archaeological investigation in the 1950s, demonstrating how much information could be gleaned from what appeared to be an unpromising site?
What was invented in 1949 by the American chemist Willard Libby?
Who were some of the women pioneers in the early days of archaeology?
All of the above (Dorothy Garrod, Mary Leakey, Tatiana Proskouriakoff)
Pioneers of the well-focused research design included:
All of the above (Robert Braidwood, Robert Adams, Kent Flannery and Joyce Marcus, Louis and Mary Leakey)
As part of the postprocessual movement Ian Hodder and his Cambridge students stressed the influential argument that:
A and B (There is no single correct way to make archaeological inference; our interpretation of the past involves choices that depend on the feelings and opinions of the researchers)
With whom did Archaeologists John Mulvaney and Rhys Jones stood shoulder to shoulder to prevent the destruction of cultural heritage?
What is androcentrism?
Who are some of the interest groups involved in the anthropological project at Çatalhöyük?
All of the above (Local community, goddess worshippers, fashion designers, foreign tourists)
Which excavator of Çatalhöyük is famous for his engagement with a variety of groups with interest in the site?
One of the positive aspects of the archaeology of the 1990s was
All of the above (a realization that cultural heritage is an important part of the human environment; archaeologists have an important role to play in achieving a balanced view of our present world based on an examination of the past; the task of interpretation is more complex than originally thought)
Introduced by James Hutton and reaffirmed by Charles Lyell, uniformitarianism is the principle that
Processes at work in the past have to be the same as processes observable in the present
One of the first to argue that the “Moundbuilders” were in fact ancestors of living Native American Indians was:
In North America, the influential anthropologist Julian Steward emphasized the importance of environmental adaptation in cultural change. This approach was termed
______________ is a classification system devised by C. J. Thomsen, for the sequence of technological periods (stone, bronze, and iron) in Old World prehistory. It established the principle that by classifying artifacts, one could produce chronological ordering.
The Three Age System
Evolution, associated with Charles Darwin and highly influential on many other thinkers (such as Karl Marx, Oscar Montelius and others), also set the groundwork for the study of
Contradicting the prevailing wisdom of the time, excavations led by ____________ at Great Zimbabwe (1929) confirmed that the site was of indigenous African origin.
Giuseppe Fiorelli used plaster of Paris to fill the cavities left by decayed bodies at Pompeii.
The antiquity of humankind proved that the biblical flood occurred.
Mary Leakey was a cigar-smoking, whisky-drinking archaeologist.
The Evolution of Culture by Leslie White and Julian Steward strongly influenced the postprocessualists.
Napoleon deciphered Egyptian hieroglyphic writing
Samuel Haven argued that there was a probable link between Native Americans and the Asiatic races.
Like anthropologist Julian Steward, British archaeologist Grahame Clark broke away from the dependence on artifacts of the cultural-historical approach and argued for the multi-disciplinary efforts of specialists to understand plant and animal remains
The age of epic heroes was one of the stages envisioned by Hesiod
Discoveries made by Louis and Mary Leakey indicate that our earliest ancestors date to only a few thousand years earlier than recognized at the beginning of the 20th century
The hermeneutic view rejects the attempts toward generalization.