Quiz - Archaeology and the Public

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Quiz - Archaeology and the Public
2011-05-27 17:57:46

From Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice (4th edition), 2006, Renfrew and Bahn, Thames & Hudson
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  1. Many nations believe it is their government’s responsibility to have clear policies with regard to the conservation of the archaeological record. In the United States, protective legislation is organised under the rubric of
    Cultural Resource Management (CRM)
  2. CRM is the safeguarding of the archaeological heritage through the protection of sites and through salvage archaeology (or rescue archaeology), generally within the framework of legislation designed to protect the past. CRM stands for
    Cultural Resource Management
  3. The use of selective archaeological evidence to promulgate non-scientific fictional accounts of the past is
  4. Which of these is not an example of destruction caused by religious extremism, often responsible for many acts of desecration of cultural heritage?
    Sipan, Peru
  5. The marbles removed by Lord Elgin from the Parthenon in Athens are the best known example of
    The issues concerning the restitution of cultural property
  6. The failure of the coalition forces to protect the Iraqi National Museum in Baghdad was all the more shocking because
    Archaeologists from the UK and Britain met with government officials before the war to warn them of potential looting at museums and sites in Iraq
  7. Ian Hodder has pointed out that the speed, range, and low cost of _________ have created new possibilities for the public to participate in archaeology.
    The internet
  8. The Australian Archaeological Association has undertaken a number of repatriations of Aboriginal human remains. Most recently the first skeleton found at Lake Mungo, the world’s oldest known _______ (26,000 BP) was returned to the Aborigines.
  9. The archaeological programme at _________ is an excellent example of archaeologists working closely with the local community. The local stakeholders are consulted every step of the way and some are trained in archaeology, though no archaeological permits are currently being approved by the tribal council.
    Zuni Pueblo
  10. Increasing tourism at sites like _________, which attracts some 300,000 visitors per year, has had a serious effect on preservation and poses risk of permanent damage to the site.
    Machu Picchu
  11. The aim of the multidisciplinary applied archaeology programme around Lake Titicaca in Peru and Bolivia was to
    Reintroduce ancient agricultural practices
  12. Sometimes damage or destruction to a site cannot be prevented. In this case a policy of ________ is adopted, partially excavating or at least recording a site before it vanishes completely.
    Salvage archaeology
  13. Which of these is not an agent of destruction of archaeological sites?
  14. The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 established the basis for Cultural Resource Management (CRM) and required that agencies of the US Government consider the _________ of their actions
    Environmental impact
  15. Peter Watson’s book The Medici Conspiracy outlines the events that led the Italian Government to bring criminal charges against the former curator of __________ for trafficking in illicit antiquities.
    The Getty Museum
  16. In 2004, the __________ Archaeological Association declared that all of the 168 archaeological sites that a particular researcher had dug had been faked after the researcher admitted to faking numerous artefacts.
  17. In England the primary means of protecting archaeological sites and monuments is through
  18. In the American Southwest _________ of the Classic Mimbres (AD 1000 – 1130) sites has occurred on a scale unequalled anywhere around the world.
  19. In Egypt many monuments are crumbling through a combination of ______ in the building stone and _____ from the ground.
    Salt, moisture
  20. Some of the reasons for the appallingly low rate of publication of archaeological sites are
    a, b and c
  21. One of the most enduring myths in archaeology is that of
    Lost Atlantis
  22. Fraud in archaeology is nothing new and takes many forms. Some examples of fraud include
    a, b and c
  23. The Great Temple Project in Mexico brought to light one of the most remarkable archaeological sites in Mexico. In addition to the architectural remains was a series of offerings to the temples’ two gods. Among the offerings were
    A jaguar skeleton
  24. Controversy and a legal battle still surround the bones of __________, found a few years ago in Washington State. Eight prominent anthropologists have sued the Army Corps of Engineers, which has jurisdiction over the bones, for permission to study the bones. The Corps wants to return the bones to the Native Americans for reburial.
    Kennewick Man
  25. The heritage industry has become big business, and at times is part of the entertainment industry. The success of sites like __________ has stimulated the development of other ‘time capsule’ experiences, not all of them as carefully researched or authentic.
    Jorvik Viking Centre
  26. In Israel, archaeology is used to serve the cause of national ideology. The site of Masada where Jewish Zealots chose mass suicide rather than surrender to the Roman forces is a symbol of Israeli defiance and pride. True or False?
  27. Many Egyptian royal tombs escaped looting completely, both in antiquity and more modern times. True or False?
  28. In 1991 the Australian Archaeological Association adopted a code of ethics that acknowledges member’s obligations to respect and consult with living people. True or False?
  29. The Chumash Indians of California prefer to see ancient human remains destroyed ‘in accordance with nature’s law’ than to have other people interfere with them. True or False?
  30. The French Abbey of Cluny, demolished in 1793, has been brought back to life through computer technology. By wearing a virtual reality helmet it is possible to walk through the interior electronically. True or False?
  31. Medical specialists claim that the high incidence of ear canal pathologies in the skeletons of ancient Aborigines can help pinpoint cases of chronic middle ear infections in modern Aborigine children. True or False?
  32. In the past two decades Museum Studies has become a well-established and complex discipline. True or False?
  33. In Britain, English Heritage advises the relevant government department on sites worthy of protection only on public property. True or False?
  34. According to Colin Renfrew and Paul Bahn, collectors are ultimately responsible for the looting of archaeological sites, which is the main threat to the world’s archaeological heritage. True or False?
  35. Archaeologists do not have a duty to the public to explain what they are doing. True or False?