Quiz - Subsistence and Diet

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Quiz - Subsistence and Diet
2011-05-27 18:28:54

From Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice (4th edition), 2006, Renfrew and Bahn, Thames & Hudson
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  1. ______________ is usually taken to mean the quest for food, documented almost everywhere by the waste products of both animal and plant food preparation.
  2. The only incontrovertible evidence that a particular plant or animal species was actually consumed is the presence of traces in the stomach or in:
    Traces in dessicated fecal matter
  3. Archaeobotanists use _________________ evidence to interpret macrobotanical remains. This approach proceeds from ethnographic observation of plant-processing activities to an examination of archaeological remains in context.
  4. Analysis of the charred remains found at Wadi Kubbaniya, a Paleolithic site in Egypt, led to the identification of over 20 different types of:
    Food plants
  5. Sickle-sheen on stone tools can prove or at least suggest that plants were
    Processed at a site
  6. One conclusion derived from the experimental studies at the Butser Experimental Farm was that if storage pits have an impermeable seal,
    Unparched grain can be stored for long periods without decaying
  7. Evidence from residue analysis of stone tools from Kilu Cave in the Solomon Islands constitutes the world's oldest evidence for the consumption of _____________
    Root vegetables (taro)
  8. In a study of material from Neolithic lake dwellings German Chemist Rolf Rottländer was able to identify various substances on _________using the technique of chromatography
    Pot sherds
  9. From the starch granule residue in Egyptian vessels, British scientist Delwen Samuel has been able to reconstruct precisely how Egyptians
    Brewed beer
  10. The initial publication (1960) of Robert Braidwood's excavations at Jarmo included contributions by several scientific specialists, one of the first multidisciplinary volumes. Reports by scientists included
    All of the above
  11. Jacques Cauvin has suggested that the Neolithic Revolution was fundamentally a _____________ ,where new conceptual structures played a significant role in the development of sedentary societies.
    Cognitive development
  12. The pioneer of _______________ (the assessment of what happened to bones between deposition and discovery) is C.K. Brain, whose work in South Africa has shown the effects of carnivores on animal carcasses.
    Taphonomic analyses
  13. Although there is no direct evidence of the practice, the most plausible case of prehistoric __________ is from the Neolithic cave of Fontbregoua, France
  14. _____________ is very important as an example of a site where faunal remains were used to interpret seasonal occupation.
    Star Carr
  15. ________________ are usually some of the best-preserved parts of animal remains.
  16. Growth rings on teeth discovered in archaeological excavations can provide clues to
    Season of death
  17. In South America the transition from hunting to herding is very difficult to trace. This is because
    Few post-cranial skeletal features characterise domesticated camelid from wild forms
  18. Five bone layers were discovered at the Gull Lake _________ representing the remains of some 900 animals.
    Bison drive site
  19. Certain types of tools may indicate the presence of domesticated animals including,
    All of the above
  20. Some deformities, such as the splaying of bones caused by osteo-arthritis or strain, provide convincing evidence for the _________ of animals.
  21. One feature useful for the identification of domesticated animals from archaeological contexts is
    All of the above
  22. _________ provide direct clues to past diet since humans were clearly responsible for most of the material deposited in them.
    Midden sites
  23. One important conclusion from faunal and plant studies conducted at the site of Tell Abu Hureyra, Syria, is that for at least 1000 years after the first cultivation of domesticated plants, _______ still played a crucial part in the site's economy.
  24. A hunting practice known in the Near East involved driving entire herds of gazelles into specially built stone enclosures, known as __________ from the shape of their ground plan.
    Desert kites
  25. One method of calculating seasonality is the study of fish otoliths. Otoliths are part of the fish's _____________________
    Hearing apparatus
  26. In the 2nd Dynasty tomb of a noblewoman at Saqqara, in Egypt, there were elaborate funerary offerings including many varieties of food. Examples of the types of food include:
    All of the above
  27. Paleobotanist Hans Helbaek's pioneering studies of the _________ of a Danish Iron Age bog body known as Grauballe Man showed that the individual consumed over 60 species of wild seeds.
    Stomach contents
  28. Microscopic abrasions on human teeth provide clues to general types of food intake. Abrasive particles in food leave striations on the tooth enamel which
    All of the above
  29. Dietary studies of human tooth enamel and bone collagen have been revolutionized through analyses based on
    All of the above
  30. Using the ratio of strontium to calcium in bones, analysis determined that
    All of the above
  31. Archaeologists only need a small number of samples from a single period on a site in order to obtain reliable information about what plant species were exploited. True or False?
  32. Modern ethnographic evidence can be used to aid paleoethnobotanists. True or False?
  33. In the past, many pots were deliberately decorated with grain impressions, perhaps overemphasizing the importance of a species. True or False?
  34. Fatty acids are often detected in residue analysis because they preserve well. True or False?
  35. British chemist John Evans may have discovered traces of cocaine in a 3500 year old vase from Cyprus, suggesting the existence of a drug trade in the eastern Mediterranean at that time. True or False?
  36. Evidence from Chile and Argentina indicate that wool spinning pre-dated camelid domestication. True or False?
  37. Archaeologist Hiroko Koike has shown that neither length of occupation nor population size can be discerned from a small shell mound. True or False?
  38. Flightless Moa from New Zealand were clearly exploited for their meat. True or False?
  39. In the Near East farming did not suddenly appear in an all-in-one package but as a step-by-step process, adapting to changing circumstances. True or False?
  40. The depictions of marine fish in Mimbres pottery, found over 300 miles from the nearest sea, indicated that the artisans had been to the coast. True or False?