Quiz - Survey and Excavation

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  1. Some survey techniques use squares when conducting regional surveys, but ________ are easier to locate and walk along, in order to record artifact densities across the landscape.
  2. Which of these sites was found accidentally while farmers were digging a well?
    The Chinese terracotta army
  3. Results of surveys conducted over longer periods of time, covering the area repeatedly, tend to be more reliable because
    All of the above
  4. The primary goal of the Sydney Cyprus Survey Project led by Bernard Knapp and Michael Givens of the University of Glasgow was to
    Examine human transformation of the landscape over a period of 5000 years and place it within a regional context
  5. One of the drawbacks of simple random sampling is:
    Site boundaries must be defined
  6. Which of the sampling methods entails the selection of a grid of equally spaced locations for survey?
    Systematic sampling
  7. Which type of aerial photography is better for making maps and plans?
    Vertical photography
  8. Two types of aerial photography are _________ and ___________.
    Vertical and oblique
  9. Using LANDSAT imagery the major city of ___________, which was discovered in the 1930s and then lost in the thick jungle, was relocated.
  10. GIS, which stands for ______________, is a significant new development in archaeological mapping which combines a database with digital mapping tools.
    Geographic Information Systems
  11. Many GIS applications have been criticized as being ______________.
    Environmentally deterministic
  12. The Teotihuacan mapping project, an intensive site surface survey, illuminated the
    City's east-west axis and the grid plan
  13. Early non-probabilistic sampling methods identified the primary occupation of ______________ during the Halaf period (c. 5900-5200 BC). A subsequent discovery of materials from the preceramic phase of the Neolithic suggested a much complex occupation history at the site.
    Tell Halula
  14. Carlo Lerici investigated over 3500 Etruscan tombs of the 6th century BC using
    A long tube with a periscope head, a light, and a tiny camera
  15. In 1979 ____________ and ____________ were used to discover the Hamilton and the Scourge, two armed schooners sunk during the War of 1812 in Lake Ontario.
    Magnetometry and side-scan sonar
  16. The use of latex rubber to mold sections of timbers in position underwater was devised during the 1979 excavation of:
    The Red Bay Wreck
  17. What system was used to locate the burial mound at Kanmachi Mandara, Japan dating to AD 350 ?
    Ground penetrating radar
  18. The technique of electrical resistivity derives from the principle that
    The damper the soil the more easily it conducts electricity
  19. The geophysical plan of Wroxeter is the most detailed plan of a _________ city produced in Britain without any expensive or destructive spadework.
  20. Magnetic survey methods are based on the presence of ___________ even if only in minute amounts.
    Magnetic minerals
  21. The open-area excavation method is particularly effective for
    Single-period sites with deposits near the surface
  22. To an archaeologist, the term provenience refers to the
    Vertical and horizontal position of an artefact
  23. Classification of artifacts is usually based on
    All of the above
  24. Groups of artifacts or building types at a particular time and place are termed
  25. The processes of survey, excavation, recording, mapping, and post-excavation analysis, are largely wasted efforts unless
    The results are published
  26. Aerial reconnaissance is predominantly used for the discovery of sites. True or False?
  27. Earthworks is a term for stone-walled features or any feature that can be seen in relief. True or False?
  28. Crop marks were once thought to reflect ancient sub-surface remains, but are now recognized to be pranks perpetrated by the local populace. True or False?
  29. Mapping is the key to accurate recording of most survey data. True or False?
  30. Archaeologists working on the Giza plateau have been able to integrate the project's drawings, photos, notebooks, forms and artifacts using GIS. True or False?
  31. Limited surface collection of artifacts is one way to assess site extent and layout. True or False?
  32. The most traditional technique for subsurface detection is probing with a metal rod in the ground. True or False?
  33. Carlo Lerici discovered over 20 Etruscan painted tombs using a long tube and a tiny camera. True or False?
  34. Metal detectors are helpful in detecting buried remains, not just metal remains. True or False?
  35. Field work in Sweden in the 1920s and 1930s revealed the close relationship between ancient settlement and high concentration of phosphorous in the soil. True or False?
Card Set
Quiz - Survey and Excavation
From Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice (4th edition), 2006, Renfrew and Bahn, Thames & Hudson
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