Digestive System

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Author:
ebony09
ID:
88106
Filename:
Digestive System
Updated:
2011-05-27 22:00:49
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Anatomy
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defnitions
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  1. Transfer of digested nutrients from the digestive tract into the circulation
    absorption
  2. Substance produced in the liver that emulsifies fats
    bile
  3. Milky-appearing fluid abbsorbed into the lymphatic system from the small intestine. It consists of lymph and droplets of digested fat
    chyle
  4. Mixture of partially digested food, water and digestive juices that forms in the stomach
    chyme
  5. Act of eliminating undigested waste from the digestive tract
    defacation
  6. Act of swallowing
    deglutition
  7. Process of breaking down food into absorable particles
    digestion
  8. First portion of the small intestine
    duodenum
  9. To break up fats into small particles
    emulsify
  10. Organic catalyst; speeds the rate of a reaction but is not changed in the reactiom
    enzyme
  11. Muscular tube that carries food from the throat to the stomach
    esophagus
  12. Muscular sac on the inferior surface of the liver that stores bile
    gallbladder
  13. Splitting of large molecules by the addition of water, as in digestion
    hydrolysis
  14. Organ if the digestive tract between the stomach and the anus, consisting of the small and large intestine
    intestine
  15. Lymphatic capillary that drains digestive fats from the villi of the small intestine
    lacteal
  16. Large gland inferior to the diagphram in the superior right abdomen; has many functions, including the secretion, detoxification, storage, and interconversions of nutrients
    liver
  17. Act of chewing
    mastication
  18. Large, elongated gland behind the stomach; produces digestive enzymes and hormones
    pancreas
  19. Wavelike movements in the wall of an organ or duct that propel its contents
    peristalsis
  20. Serous membranr that lines the abdominal cavity and forms outer layer of the abdominal organs; forms supporting ligaments for some organs
    peritoneum
  21. Secretion of the salivary glands; moistens food and contains enzyme that digests starch
    saliva
  22. Organ of the digestive tract that stores food, mixes it with digestive juices, and moves into the small intestine
    stomach
  23. Small fingerlike projections from the surface of a membrane; projections in the lining of small intestine through which digested food is absorbed
    villi

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