Quiz - Technology

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Anonymous
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88155
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Quiz - Technology
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2011-05-28 07:22:21
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archaeology
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From Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice (4th edition), 2006, Renfrew and Bahn, Thames & Hudson
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  1. What later addition to the division of C.J. Thompson's ''Stone Age'' is associated with the dominance of microliths?
    Mesolithic
  2. Material remains from hunting and gathering practices are very important in reconstructing the Paleolithic period. Of those artifacts recovered ________ dominate the archaeological record.
    Stone tools
  3. A _____________ or hollow of a decayed pointed wooden stick recovered from the Middle Paleolithic rock shelter of Abric Romani in Northeast Spain dates to almost 50,000 years ago
    Pseudomorph
  4. Which controversy led to the early attempts to establish criteria for recognizing human agency such as characteristic bulbs of percussion on flint purposefully struck?
    The eolith debate
  5. Which activities can archaeologists observe which may give clues to possible early tool-making, -using, and -discarding behaviors of early hominids?
    Chimpanzees cracking nuts
  6. An example of an unaltered material used to create objects is
    Flint
  7. At mine site of Rijckholt in the Neatherlands, archaeologists found evidence for 5000 shafts which could produce up to 153 million _________.
    Axeheads
  8. ______________ and _______________ are probably the best way to determine scientifically how great stone blocks (such as the 23-ft high alabaster statue of Egyptian Prince Djehutihetep) were transported and erected.
    Calculations, actual experiments
  9. Jean-Pierre Protzen's work in reconstructing ___________ stonework techniques is supported by 16th century written accounts.
    Inca
  10. The first recognizable tools are simple choppers and flakes. The earliest known examples are the so-called
    Oldowan tools
  11. Modern Flint knapping (the making of stone tools) is a type of as
    Experimental archaeology
  12. Donald Crabtree was able to solve the mystery of the production of Folsom points through trial and error and with the aid of a decisive clue discovered in an account by a 16th-century Spanish priest who watched Aztec Indians make long knife-blades from obsidian. This key method involved using a
    T-shaped crutch
  13. The only direct proof of function of a stone tool is the study of
    Microwear patterns
  14. At the South African site of Kasteelberg (AD 950) occupants were primarily using ___________ to create bone tools, similar to ethnographic examples known from the San (Bushmen) of the Kalahari.
    Metapodials
  15. The function of perforated antler batons of the European Upper Paleolithic is much-debated. Among the theories are that they were
    All of the above
  16. Using _______________ in the Somerset Levels John and Bryony Coles have been able to prove that at least 10 different axes were used in the construction of the Bronze Age track.
    Experimental archaeology
  17. In the 1960s excavation off Kyrenia, Cyprus, showed that Greek _________ in 4th Century BC were built with planks held together by mortise and tenon joints.
    Sea-faring vessels
  18. The presence of _________ from the Aegean islands off the Greek mainland 10,000 years ago shows that people had no difficulty in sailing to and from the islands.
    Obsidian
  19. The richest New World evidence for textiles and weaving methods comes from
    Peru
  20. The intentional use and control of fire by humans is known as
    Pyrotechnology
  21. Tempers are inclusions in pottery which act as a filler to give the clay added strength and workability. Types of temper include
    All of the above
  22. The manufacture of true glass requires the melting and cooling of which substance?
    Sand
  23. By the late Bronze Age of the Aegean (1500 BC) craftworkers were using a wide range of fine metalworking techniques. These techniques included working in relief with hand-controlled punches on sheet metal. This process is known as
    Repousse
  24. In __________ cast iron and wrought iron technologies appear almost simultaneously in the 7th century BC, even though cast iron requires a greater sophistication in the manufacture and operation of furnaces.
    China
  25. In the ethnoarchaeological project conducted by Peter Schmidt and Donald Avery among the Haya of northwestern Tanzania, the goal was to recreate the _________ which had been practiced as recently as 60-70 years ago.
    Steelmaking
  26. Eoliths, crude stone pebbles found in Upper Pleistocene contexts, were once thought to be the work of humans but are now generally regarded as natural formations. True or False?
    False
  27. It has been traditionally thought that tool-making separated humans from apes, but the past 30 years of research have revealed that wild chimpanzees make and use stone tools. True or False?
    True
  28. The abundance of a certain tool-type in the archaeological record is not necessarily a guide to its intrinsic importance. True or False?
    True
  29. Human use of fire (pyrotechnology) is not that crucial in producing synthetic material. True or False?
    False
  30. Experiments recreating the carvings of Easter Island suggest that six carvers with stone hammers could have shaped a 16-ft statue in approximately a year. True or False?
    True
  31. Captain Cook suggested that ramps of earth or timber scaffolds were used to place the topknots of the Easter Island statues. True or False?
    True
  32. A burin is an example of a specialized flint tool produced in the Upper Paleolithic. True or False?
    True
  33. Types of tools found at a site can provide clues about the function of the site. True or False?
    True
  34. At the Belgian site of Rekem the lithic industry is characterized by a poorly elaborated blade technology, with the production of short blades. True or False?
    True
  35. In addition to valuable information about stone tools, the Somerset Levels project has also demonstrated that woodlands were left to grow and were not intentionally manipulated by humans. True or False?
    False

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