From Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice (4th edition), 2006, Renfrew and Bahn, Thames & Hudson
If an archaeologist recognizes artifacts on island A made from materials that could only have come from island B, he/she would conclude that
The inhabitants of islands A or B had boats
Immanuel Wallerstein used the terms _________ and _________ when discussing his world systems theory.
____________ discussions of the nature of gift exchange were fundamental to the advancement of anthropological theory.
In some New Guinean societies the position of big man is achieved by the _____________ to exchange partners and by the accumulation of the obligation to repay.
Giving of gifts
A good example of competitive exchange used to settle rivalries in which the path to success is to outshine rivals in the richness of gifts and conspicuous public consumption is
Which of the following is not an example of a prestige object?
The application of techniques to determine the particular properties of the constituent materials of traded goods, thus helping to identify their source of origin, is known as
DNA analysis has been used to trace the lineal ancestry of individuals whose more recent ancestors came to the United States or the United Kingdom in the course of
The slave trade
The sourcing of materials by characterization studies depends crucially on
b and c only
In Britain the thin-section work of David Peacock and colleagues revealed that pottery vessels _____________ before 3000 BC.
Were traded over distances of 100km
Examples of trace-element analysis, which measures elements present in only very small quantities, include
All of the above
The results of trace element analysis are usually expressed in
Parts per million
Within an interaction sphere there is a tendency for the symbolic systems to converge. Where the form of a religion has much in common from center to center, as reflected in the iconography, this would be an example of
_____________ is a characterization technique that was used to study the sources of the iron ore in mirrors widely traded during the Formative period in Oaxaca in Mesoamerica.
Some Egyptian and Near Eastern records speak of gifts between the pharaoh and other Near Eastern potentates. A notable archive was found at the Egyptian site of
Emissary trading refers to a situation where the trader is a representative of
A central organisation based in the home country
By plotting the quantities of material on the Y-axis, and the distance from a source on the X-axis, the decline in quantity of traded items in the archaeological record with increased distance from source is known as
Robin Torrence's work on obsidian quarries on the island of Melos showed that
Travellers came to Melos to collect materials and take it away
Only the excavation of workshops and special facilities can provide adequate insight into the scale of production of a particular item. The most common type of specialist workshop found is
The pottery kiln
Raymond Sidrys' work on obsidian from Maya sites in Guatemala and El Salvador clearly indicated that
Obsidian was less abundant at minor centres
Peer-polity interaction takes a variety of forms, including
All of the above
Archaeologist David Braun has suggested that _________ and _________ may be observed in the Hopewell sphere.
Competitive emulation, symbolic entrainment
The study of regularities in the way in which quantities of traded items found in the archaeological record decrease as the distance from the source increases is known as
Infrared absorption spectroscopy has been particularly useful in distinguishing ________ from different sources, since the organic compounds in this material absorb different wavelengths of infrared radiation passed through them.
Exotic goods found on the Uluburun shipwreck included,
All of the above
The sourcing of archaeological materials allows us to reconstruct the movement of goods. True or False?
A series of exchange relationships between island inhabitants in Melanesia is known as the kula. True or False?
Valuables and ordinary commodities are usually exchanged in the same sphere of exchange. True or False?
What George Dalton has termed as 'primitive valuables' are tokens of wealth and prestige that are not often made of specially valued materials. True or False?
Lead isotope analysis has been extensively applied to the characterization of metal sources in the Mediterranean. True or False?
Obsidian sourced from the island of Melos but recovered from the Franchthi Cave on the Greek mainland as early as 10,000 years ago is the earliest evidence for seafaring in the Mediterranean. True or False?
Isabel McBryde's study of greenstone quarries in southern Australia showed that access to the quarry was strictly limited; the stone was available only through kinship affiliations to the 'owners' of the site. True or False?
Archaeological evidence alone is usually sufficient to permit the reconstruction of a complete exchange system. True or False?
The development of a new technology, appearing at a number of locations over a limited area, is usually an indication of the flow of information and hence contact. True or False?
Reciprocity is a mode of exchange which implies the operation of some central organizing authority. True or False?