Pre ap bio animal test

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ksufan595
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88223
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Pre ap bio animal test
Updated:
2011-05-29 10:32:19
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pre ap bio
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animal test
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  1. porifero example
    sponge
  2. porifera digestion
    choanocytes: collar cells that use flagella to create a current of water. filter small organisms from water and take them through endocytosis to digest
  3. porifera nervous
    none
  4. porifera reproduction
    asexual by budding or fragmentation

    sexual by external fertilization
  5. porifera locomotion
    sessile

    spongin protein fibers or glass or mineral needles called spicules
  6. porifera gas exchange
    diffusion
  7. porifera circulation
    diffusion

    also, amoebacytes that move around within the sponge transporting nutrients
  8. porifera excretion
    diffusion
  9. porifera distinguishing features
    no true tissues
  10. cnidaria example
    jelly, hydra, sea anemone
  11. cnidaria digestion
    mouth and gastrovascular cavity (one opening-mouth)
  12. cnidaria nervous
    simple nerve net
  13. cnidaria reproduction
    both asexual and sexual often in a cycle
  14. cnidaria locomotion
    • some sessile
    • hydrostatic skeleton
    • contractile fibers
  15. cnidaria gas exchange
    diffusion
  16. cnidaria circulation
    diffusion
  17. cnidaria excretion
    diffusion
  18. cnidaria distinguishing features
    • cnidocytes: stinging cells
    • 2 tissues
    • polyp of medusa body forms
  19. platyhelminthes example
    flatworm, planerian
  20. platyhelminthes digestion
    mouth with muscular pharynx, gatrovascualar cavity (one opening)
  21. platyhelminthes nervous
    • eye spots
    • ganglion at the head
    • lateral nerve cords with nerves that connect them
  22. platyhelminthes reproduction
    • asexual by regeneration
    • sexual
  23. platyhelminthes locomtion
    muscles and hydrostatic skeleton
  24. platyhelminthes gas exchange
    diffusion
  25. platyhelminthes circulation
    • diffusion
    • gastrovascular cavity with many branches
  26. platyhelminthes excretion
    flame cells that have cilia that look like they flicker as they beat the wastes out
  27. platyhelminthes distinguishing features
    • some free living, some parasites
    • sephilization-have a head
  28. nematoda example
    ascarius
  29. nematoda digestion
    • complete digestive tract
    • alimentary canal
  30. nematoda nervous
    nerve ring and 2 nerve cords
  31. nematoda reproduction
    sexual
  32. nematoda locomotion
    • hydrostatic skeleton
    • longitudinal muscles
    • mouth and anus
  33. nematoda gas exchange
    diffusion
  34. nematoda circulation
    • no special system
    • fluids circulate by movement
  35. nematoda excretion
    excretory pore and canals that lead to it
  36. nematoda distinguishing features
    suedo ceulum and cuticle
  37. mollusca example
    clam
  38. mollusca digestion
    use gills to trap food particles suspended in water and cilia to sweep the particles into the mouth
  39. mollusca nervous
    • 3 pairs of ganglia connected by nerves
    • relatively simple sense organs
    • all molluscs except for clams have cephilization
  40. mollusca reproduction
    seperate sexes, reproductive organs are located in the visceral mass
  41. mollusca locomotion
    • muscular foot
    • exoskeleton-shell
  42. mollusca gas exchange
    gills
  43. mollusca circulation
    • open
    • heart
    • blue blood
  44. mollusca excretion
    kidney, excrete ammonia
  45. mollusca distinguishing features
    mantle
  46. annelida example
    earthworm
  47. annelida digestion
    • alimentary canal
    • digestion occurs in intestine
  48. annelida nervous
    • cerebral ganglion (brain)
    • ventral nerve cord with segmented ganglia
  49. annelida reproduction
    • hermaphroditic
    • sperm passes through genital pores
  50. annelida locomotion
    hydrostatic skeleton
  51. annelida gas exchange
    diffusion across the entire body surface
  52. annelida circulation
    • closed
    • 5 hearts
  53. annelida excretion
    removed by nephridia
  54. annelida distinguishing features
    long with segments divided externally by ring-like constrictions
  55. arthropoda example
    grasshopper
  56. arthropoda digestion
    alimentary canal (2 openings)
  57. arthropoda nervous
    brain and ventral nerve cord
  58. arthropoda reproduction
    • seperate sexes
    • reproductive organs in the terminal abdominal segments
  59. arthropoda locomotion
    • exoskeleton of chitin
    • paired muscles
    • jointed appendages
  60. arthopoda gas exchange
    diffusion through the tracheae (air tubes that branch through the body) system
  61. arthropoda circulation
    • open
    • dorsal heart
  62. arthropoda excretion
    malphighian tubules
  63. arthropoda distinguishing features
    head, thorax, abdomen
  64. arthropoda example: (C)
    cray fish
  65. Arthropoda (c) digestion
    alimentary canal
  66. arthropoda (c) nervous
    ventral nerve cord and dorsal brain
  67. arthropoda (c) reproduction
    male places sperm packet on underside of female belly
  68. arthropoda (c) locomotion
    • exoskeleton of chitin
    • paired muscles
    • jointed appendages
  69. arthropoda (c) gas exchange
    gills
  70. arthropoda (c) circulation
    • open
    • dorsal heart
  71. arthropoda (c) excretion
    green gland
  72. arthropoda (c) distinguishing features
    head, thorax, abdomen
  73. echinodermata example
    starfish
  74. echinodermata digestion
    turns stomach inside out through the mouth and into the moluscs shell digesting the soft parts
  75. echinodermata nervous
    • no brain
    • nerve net in each arm connected by radial nerves to a central nerve ring
  76. echinodermata reproduction
    • sexual-external fertilization
    • asexual-fragmentation
  77. echinodermata locomotion
    • endoskeleton
    • pulls itself along seafloor with tube feet
  78. echinodermata gas exchange
    diffusion
  79. echinodermata circulation
    water vascular system
  80. echinodermata excretion
    tube feet
  81. echinodermata distinguishing features
    • radially symmetrical
    • water vascular system
    • duterostones-first opening is anus
  82. invertebrate chordata example
    sea squirts
  83. invertebrate chordata digestion
    complete digestive tract feed on filters at the bottom of the sea
  84. invertebrate chordata nervous
    dorsal hollow nerve cord
  85. invertebrate chordata reproduction
    sexual
  86. invertebrate chordata locomotion
    • notochord as larvae
    • adult has hydrostatic skeleton
    • sessile
  87. invertebrate chordata gas exchange
    diffusion
  88. invertebrate chordata circulation
    diffusion
  89. invertebrate chordata excretion
    diffusion
  90. invertebrate chordata distinguishing features
    chordate, but invertebrate
  91. fish example
    perch
  92. fish digestion
    complete digestive tract
  93. fish nervous
    • small brain
    • spinal cord
    • central nervous system
  94. fish reproduction
    external fertilization
  95. fish locomotion
    • bony skeleton
    • fins help perch move and steer without rolling
  96. fish gas exchange
    gills
  97. fish circulation
    • closed
    • 2 chambered heart
  98. fish excretion
    kidney
  99. fish distinguishing features
    swim bladder
  100. all chordates have at some point
    • notochord
    • postanal tail
    • pharengeal slits
    • dorsal hollow nerve cord
  101. amphibia example
    frog
  102. amphibia digestion
    complete digestive trace
  103. amphibia nervous
    • brain
    • central nervous system
  104. amphibia reproduction
    • external fertilization
    • metamorphisis
  105. amphibia locomotion
    hind legs to hop
  106. amphibia gas exchange
    • small lungs
    • rely on diffusion of gases across body surfaces
  107. amphibia circulation
    3 chambered heart
  108. amphibia excretion
    • kidneys
    • excrete urea
  109. amphibia distinguishing features
    powerful hind legs
  110. reptile example
    lizard
  111. reptile digestion
    • complete digestive tract
    • some carnivores and some herbivores
  112. reptile nervous
    brain
  113. reptile reproduction
    • sexual
    • amniotic egg
  114. reptile locomotion
    • endoskeleton
    • paired muscles
  115. reptile gas exchange
    lungs
  116. reptile circulation
    3 chambered heart
  117. reptile excretion
    • kidneys
    • excrete uric acid
  118. reptile distinguishing features
    • ectothermic
    • scales
  119. aves example
    birds
  120. aves digestion
    • no teeth
    • complete tract
    • varied diet
  121. aves nervous
    brian less than mammal but more that reptile of same size
  122. aves reproduction
    • sexual
    • amniotic egg
  123. aves locomotion
    • endoskeleton
    • feathers for flight
  124. aves gas exchange
    lungs lead to air sacs
  125. aves circulation
    4 chambered heart
  126. aves excretion
    excretes uric acid to conserve water
  127. aves distinguishing features
    endotherm
  128. mammal example
    pig (and human)
  129. mammal digestion
    • mouth
    • stomach
    • small/large intestine
  130. mammal nervous
    • brain
    • spinal cord
  131. mammal reproduction
    sexual
  132. mammal locomotion
    • endoskeleton
    • muscles
  133. mammal gas exchange
    lungs
  134. mammal circulation
    4 chambered heart
  135. mammal excretion
    • kidneys
    • urea
  136. mammal distinguishing features
    • hair
    • produce mile

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