Anatomy and Physiology I - Chapter 1

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TonyDelTaco
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88242
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Anatomy and Physiology I - Chapter 1
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2011-05-29 14:24:32
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anatomy physiology chapter one introduction
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An Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology
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  1. A subdivision of anatomy that involves the examination of relatively large structures and features usually visible with the unaided eye
    Gross Anatomy (macroscopic anatomy)
  2. A field of gross anatomy that studies the general form and superficial markings
    Surface Anatomy
  3. A field of gross anatomy that studies the anatomical organization of specific areas of the body, such as the head, neck, or trunk
    Regional Anatomy.
  4. A subdivision of anatomy that deals with structures that cannot be seen without magnification
    Microscopic Anatomy
  5. A field of microscopic anatomy that deals with the internal structure of individual cells
    Cytology.
  6. The simplest unit of life
    Cells
  7. A field of microscopic anatomy that examines tissues
    Histology
  8. Groups of specialized cells and cell products that work together to perform specific functions
    Tissues
  9. A field of microscopic anatomy that studies the first two months of embryonic development.
    Embryology
  10. The study of the functions of the HUMAN body.
    Human Physiology
  11. A specialty of human physiology that studies all aspects of the functioning of specific orgam systems, such as cardiovascular physiology, respiratory physiology, etc.
    Systemic Physiology
  12. A specialty of human physiology that studies the effects of diseases on organ or system functions
    Pathological Physiology
  13. The Levels of Organization
    • Chemical (molecular)
    • Cellular
    • Tissue
    • Organ
    • Organ System
    • Organism
  14. The Eleven Organ Systems
    • Integumentary
    • Skeletal
    • Muscular
    • Nervous
    • Endocrine
    • Cardiovascular
    • Lymphoid
    • Respiratory
    • Digestive
    • Urinary
    • Reproductive
  15. The Four Major Organs of the Integumentary System
    This Organ System Contains:

    Skin, Hair, Sweat Glands, Nails
  16. The Four Major Organs of the Skeletal System
    This Organ System Contains:

    Bones, Cartilages, Associated Ligaments, Bone Marrow
  17. The Main Function of the Skeletal System
    This Organ System:

    Provides support and protection for other tissues
  18. The Two Major Organs of the Muscular System
    This Organ System Contains:

    Skeletal Muscles, Associated Tendons
  19. The Two Major Functions of the Muscular System
    This Organ System:

    • Provides movement
    • Provides protection and support for other tissues
  20. The Four Major Organs of the Endocrine System
    This Organ System Contains:

    Pituitary Gland, Thyroid Gland, Pancreas, Suprarenal Glands (adrenal glands)
  21. The Three Major Organs of the Cardiovascular System
    This Organ System Contains:

    Heart, Blood, Blood Vessels
  22. The Major Function of the Cardiovascular System
    This Organ System:

    Distributes blood cells, water, and dissolved materials, including nutrients, waste, products, oxygen, and carbon dioxide
  23. The Major Function of the Lymphoid System
    This Organ System:

    Defends against infection and disease
  24. The Four Major Organs of the Urinary System
    This Organ System Contains:

    Kidneys, Ureters, Urinary Bladder, Urethra
  25. Refers to the existence of a stable environment that every organism must maintain in order to survive
    Homeostasis
  26. A method of homeostatic regulation that opposes or negates the original stimulus.
    Negative Feedback
  27. A method of homeostatic regulation that exaggerates or enhances the change in condition caused by the stimulus
    Positive Feedback
  28. Two Examples of Positive Feedback
    Examples of a Method of Homeostatic Regulation:

    Blood Clotting, Forceful Labor Contractions
  29. The position when the body's hands are at the sides with the palms facing forward, and the feet are together
    Anatomical Position
  30. The Four Abdominopelvic QUADRANTS
    • Right Upper Quadrant (RUQ)
    • Left Upper Quadrant (LUQ)
    • Right Lower Quadrant (RLQ)
    • Left Lower Quadrant (LLQ)
  31. The directional term referring to THE FRONT OF THE BODY or THE BELLY SIDE
    Anterior (ventral)
  32. The directional term referring to TOWARDS THE HEAD
    Superior
  33. The directional term referring to AWAY FROM THE BODY'S LONGITUDINAL AXIS
    Lateral
  34. The directional term referring to AWAY FROM AN ATTACHED BASED
    Distal
  35. A plane of section that passes through the midline, dividing the body in half and separating the right and left sides
    Midsagittal
  36. The Two Major BODY Cavities
    These Major Cavities:

    Dorsal, Ventral
  37. The Two Cavities in the DORSAL Cavity
    This Body Cavity Contains:

    Cranial Cavity, Spinal Cavity
  38. The Two Major Cavities in the VENTRAL Cavity
    This Body Cavity Contains:

    Thoracic Cavity, Abdominopelvic Cavity
  39. A flat muscular sheet that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity
    Diaphragm
  40. An imaging technique that uses x-rays to reconstruct the body's three dimensional structure; A single x-ray source rotates around the body, and the x-ray beam strikes a sensor monitor by the computer.
    CAT Scan

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