2nd Semester U.S. History Final

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2nd Semester U.S. History Final
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2nd Semester U.S. History Final
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  1. the policy of extending a nation’s authority over other
    countries by economic, political, or military means.
    Imperialism
  2. an extension of the Monroe Doctrine, announced by President
    Theodore Roosevelt in 1904, under which the United States claimed the right to
    protect its economic interests by means of military intervention in the affairs
    of Western Hemisphere nations.
    Roosevelt Corollary
  3. a 1900 rebellion in which members of a Chinese secret society sought to
    free their country from Western Influence.
    Boxer Rebellion
  4. heir to Austrian throne; Archduke Francis Ferdinand, was...
    Assassinated in Sarajevo,Bosnia
  5. a law, enacted in 1917 that required men to register for
    military service.
    Selective Service Act
  6. the principles making up President Woodrow Wilson’s plan for
    World Peace following WWI.
    Wilson's Fourteen Points
  7. an association of nations established in 1920 to promote
    international cooperation and peace.
    League of Nations
  8. postwar position of avoiding political and economic
    involvement with other countries.
    Isolationism
  9. the 1919 peace treaty at the end of WWI, which established
    new nations, borders, and war reparations.
    Treaty of Versailles
  10. a message sent in 1917 by the German foreign minister to the
    German ambassador in Mexico, proposing a German-Mexican alliance and promising
    to help Mexico’s lost territories if the United States entered the World War I.
    Zimmerman Note
  11. two laws enacted in 1917 and 1918, that imposed harsh
    penalties on anyone interfering with or speaking against U.S. participation in
    WWI.
    Espionage and Sedition Acts
  12. Italian immigrants who were convicted and executed on the
    basis of circumstantial evidence.
    Sacco and Vanzetti
  13. the spreading out of cities as a result of the use of the automobile.
    Urban Sprawl
  14. the period from 1920-1933 during which the 18th
    Amendment forbidding the manufacture and sale of alcohol was in force in the
    United States.
    Prohibition
  15. a place where alcoholic drinks were sold and consumed illegally during
    prohibition.
    Speakeasies
  16. African-American cultural renaissance.
    Harlem Renaissance
  17. landmark trial over evolution
    Scopes Trial
  18. flew solo across the Atlantic Ocean nonstop
    Charles Lindberg
  19. Freethinking woman of new ‘20s attitude.
    Flappers
  20. queen of blues singer.
    Bessie Smith
  21. king of the trumpet who personalized jazz.
    Louis Armstrong
  22. group of WWI veterans who protested to be compensated for wartime
    services, later forcibly disbanded by Hoover.
    Bonus Army
  23. type of relief for the poor where cash payments or food is
    provided by the government.
    Direct Relief
  24. Soviet Union communist dictator
    Joseph Stalin
  25. Hitler’s plan to deliberately kill all the Jewish people.
    Nazi Genocide
  26. quick victory in sudden attack, German “Lightning War”.
    Blitzkrieg
  27. giving up principles to pacify aggressor.
    Appeasement
  28. 1939 an agreement in which two nations promise not to go to war with
    each other.
    Nonaggression pact between Soviet Union and Germany
  29. U.S. plan lent arms to Axis opponents.
    Lend-Lease Act
  30. an agency established by congress to control inflation
    during WWII.
    Office of Price Administration
  31. founder of Brotherhood of sleeping car porters who fought discrimination in hiring in the military and industry.
    A. Philip Randolph
  32. U.S. general who with Omar Bradley liberated Paris in 1944.
    General George Patton
  33. a month-long battle of WWII, in which the allies succeeded in turning back the last major
    German offensive of the war.
    Battle of the Bulge
  34. a name given to June 6, 1944—the day on which the allies
    launched an invasion of the European mainland during WWII.
    D-Day
  35. the allied forces commander in the Philippines in December
    1941.
    General Douglas MacArthur
  36. the U.S. program to develop an atomic bomb for use in WWII.
    Manhattan Project
  37. a WWII battle that took place in early June 1942. The allies
    decimated the Japanese fleet at Midway, an island lying northwest of Hawaii,
    the allies then moved to Japan.
    Battle of Midway
  38. the atomic bomb was dropped on these two Japanese cities.
    Hiroshima and Nagasaki
  39. the court proceedings held in Nuremberg, Germany after WWII,
    in which Nazi leaders were tried for war crimes.
    Nuremberg Trials
  40. a name given to May 8, 1945 “Victory in Europe Day” on which General Eisenhower’s
    acceptance of the unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany marked the end of
    WWII in Europe
    V-E Day
  41. U.S. army unit created during WWII to enable women to serve in noncombat
    positions.
    WAACs (Women's Auxiliary
  42. U.S. general who commanded D-Day and allied invasions of the
    European mainland.
    Dwight Eisenhower
  43. a name given to
    the Servicemen’s readjustment act a 1944 law that provided financial and
    educational benefits for WWII veterans.
    G.I. Bill of Rights
  44. confinement or a restriction in movement, especially under wartime
    conditions.
    Japanese-American Internment
  45. southern democrats against civil rights. (Nominee in 1948)
    Dixiecrats
  46. a business that has bought the right to use a
    parent company’s name and methods, thus becoming one of a number of similar
    businesses in various locations
    Franchise
  47. a major corporation that owns a number
    of smaller companies in unrelated businesses.
    Conglomerate
  48. a residential town or community near
    a city.
    Suburbs
  49. a preoccupation with the purchasing of
    material goods
    Consumerism
  50. a social and artistic movement of the
    1950s, stressing unrestrained literary self-expression and nonconformity with
    the mainstream culture.
    Beat Movement
  51. a form of American popular music that
    evolved in the 1950s out of rhythm and blues, country, jazz, gospel, and pop;
    the American musical characterized by heavy rhythms and simple melodies which
    has spread worldwide having significant impacts on social dancing, clothing
    fashions, and expressions of protest.
    Rock ‘n’ Roll
  52. the president of the “Camelot” years
    whose vision for progress was called the New Frontier. Had three disadvantages;
    age, inexperience, and being catholic.
    John F. Kennedy
  53. a communication link established in
    1963 to allow the leaders of the United States and the Soviet Union to contact
    each other in times of crisis.
    Hot Line
  54. an agency established in 1961 to
    provide volunteer assistance to developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin
    America.
    Peace Corps
  55. a group, headed by Chief Justice Earl
    Warren, that investigated the assassination of President Kennedy and concluded
    that Lee Harvey Oswald was alone responsible for it.
    Warren Commission
  56. a law, enacted in 1964, that provided
    funds for youth programs, antipoverty measures, small-business loans, and job
    training.
    Economic Opportunity Act (EOA)
  57. successor to Kennedy who conducted the war on poverty and
    had vision of the Great Society.
    Lyndon Baines Johnson
  58. a federal program, established in 1965,
    that provides hospital insurance and low-cost medical insurance to Americans
    aged 65 or older.
    Medicare
  59. a program, established in 1965, that
    provides health insurance for people on welfare.
    Medicaid
  60. a law that increased the number of
    immigrants allowed to settle in the United States.
    The Immigration Act
  61. a concrete wall that separated East Berlin and West
    Berlin from 1961 to 1989, built by the Communist East German government to
    prevent its citizens from fleeing to the West
    Berlin Wall
  62. President John F. Kennedy’s legislative
    program, which included proposals to provide medical care for the elderly, to
    rebuild blighted urban areas, to aid education, to bolster the national
    defense, to increase international aid, and to expand the space program.
    New Frontier
  63. President Lyndon B. Johnson’s program
    to reduce poverty and racial injustice and to promote a better quality of life
    in the United States.
    Great Society
  64. the redrawing of election districts to
    reflect changes in population.
    Reapportionment
  65. a 1954 case in which the Supreme Court ruled that
    “separate but equal” education for black and white students was
    unconstitutional.
    Brown v. Board of Education
  66. a network of paths used by North Vietnam to transport
    supplies to the Vietcong in South Vietnam
    Ho Chi Minh Trail
  67. President Nixon’s strategy for ending U.S. involvement in the Vietnam
    War, involving the gradual withdrawal of U.S. troops and their replacement with
    South Vietnamese forces.
    Vietnamization
  68. gave Johnson military power in Vietnam.
    Tonkin Gulf Resolution
  69. gasoline-based bomb dropped in jungle
    Napalm
  70. president of the Rockefeller Foundation, as secretary of state.
    Dean Rusk
  71. a toxic leaf-killing chemical sprayed by the U.S. planes in Vietnam to
    expose Vietcong hideouts.
    Agent Orange
  72. President Johnson’s Secretary of Defense.
    Robert McNamara
  73. American commander in Vietnam.
    William Westmoreland
  74. a public distrust of statements made by the government
    Credibility Gap
  75. a U.S. military raid on a South Vietnamese village, intended
    to root out villagers with ties to the Vietcong but often resulting in the
    destruction of the village and the displacement of its inhabitants.
    Search-and-Destroy Missions

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