Animal Science 180

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Animal Science 180
2011-05-30 20:06:46

animal science 180 exam
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  1. Antibiotic:
    the capacity in dilute solutions to inhibit the growth ofor to destroy bacteria and other microorganisms, used chieflyin the treatment of infectious diseases.
  2. Asepsis:
    Medicine/Medical . methods, as sterile surgical techniques,used to assure asepsis.

    absence of the microorganisms that produce sepsis or septic disease.
  3. Antiseptic:
    free from or cleaned of germs and other microorganisms

    exceptionally clean or neat.
  4. Disinfectant:
    any chemical agent used chiefly on inanimate objects todestroy or inhibit the growth of harmful organisms.
  5. Sterilization:
    the destruction of all living microorganisms, as pathogenic orsaprophytic bacteria, vegetative forms, and spores.
  6. Iodophors
    a complex of iodine and a surfactant that releases free iodine insolution, used as an antiseptic and disinfectant.
  7. Three levels of sanitation:
    • 1: Cleaning (soap and water)
    • 2:Disinfection (chemicals)
    • 3:Sterilization (kills all organisms)
  8. Sanitationlevel 1: Cleaning
    • soap and water
    • reduces # of bacteria
  9. Sanitation level 2:
    • utilizes chemicals
    • reduces # of bacteria even more then cleaning
  10. Sanitation level 3:
    • kills all organisms
    • with; chemical .. Autoclave
  11. Sodium Hypochlorite: (bleach)
    • cheap accesible
    • effective in killing parvo virus in a 1:32 solution
    • kills fungi in 1:10 solution
  12. Sodium Hypochlorite: (bleach)
    • decomposes in light
    • corrosive to metal
    • inactivated by organic matter
    • toxic, irritating to mucous membrane
    • strong odor
  13. Sodium Hypochlorite: (bleach)
    • Disinfect inamnimate objects ONLY
    • laundry additive
    • isolation wards
  14. Iodophors: Povodone- Iodine (generic name)
    • can be used in live tissue and inanimated objects
    • kills yeast and fungi
    • bacteria some virus
    • Relatively inexpensive
  15. Iodophors: Povodone- Iodine (generic name)
    • inactivated by organi matter
    • irritating to the ksin in high concentrations
    • corrosive to some metals
    • STAINS
  16. Iodophors: Povodone- Iodine (generic name)
    • Wound treatment
    • Pre-surgical skin prep
    • General antiseptic
    • Shampoo
    • Teat dip
  17. Iodophors: Povodone- Iodine (generic name)
    • Betadyne
    • Teat dip
    • Shampoo
  18. Chlorhexidine:
    • Effective against bacteria, mold, yeast and viruses
    • Rapid onset of activity
    • Does not stain
    • Effective in the presence of organic matter
    • Low toxicity, minimal skin irritaion
  19. Chlorhexidine:
    • More expensive than others
    • Can delay wound healing if not diluted properly (1:40)
  20. Chlorhexidine:
    • Surgical Skin-prep
    • Wound treatment
    • Ear cleaning
    • Skin Theraphy
  21. Chlorhexidine:
    • Novasan
    • Chlorhexderm
  22. Quaternary Ammonia:
    • Iinexpensive
    • Non- corrosive
    • Hard water tolerant
    • Low toxicity in correct solution
    • Fungicidal, bacteriocidal and soem viruses ( parvo calici)
    • non effective to TB
  23. Quaternary Ammonia:
    • Toxicity in high concetrations
    • may develop skin sensitivity after repeated exposure
    • Acticity is decreased in presence of organic matter
    • Inactivated by detergents and soaps
  24. Quaternary Ammonia:
    • Disinfection of inanimated objects ONLY
    • Not for use in living tissue
  25. Quaternary Ammonia:
    • Rocaal- D
    • Dual-Quat
    • Omega
    • A-33
  26. Isopropyl Alcohol:
    • Cheap, easily accessible
    • Bacterocidal after prolonged time
    • Facilitates Venipunctures
    • -induces vasodilation
    • -solubilizes fat
    • -breaks through surface tension
  27. Isopropyl Alcohol:
    • Ineffective against spores and most fungi
    • No resideal effect
    • Highly cytotoxic(cannot use on open skin)
    • Inhibited by organic matter
    • Animal deislikes it
    • -feels cold on skin
    • -strong odor
  28. Isopropyl Alcohol:
    • Disinfect thermometer and other communal objects
    • Surgical skin-prep
    • Venipucture
    • Treat Hyperthermia
  29. Feline or canine jugular:
    blood sample form neck vain
  30. Feline Medial Saphenous:
    Done on inner leg
  31. Canine Lateral Saphenous:
    Done on outer leg
  32. Canine or Feline Cephalic:
    Rotate vain with thumb on elbo
  33. Canine Standing:
  34. Feline Sternal:
  35. Cats:
    • soft gaze, ears forward, posture variable
    • Approaches front of cage
    • Sniffs outstreched hand
    • Allows interaction & petting
    • Relaxed muscle tone
  36. Cats:
    • Reatreateed to the back of cage
    • Sideway, direct stare, may shift eyes to find nearest escape
    • Tense muscle tone, tail & ears positioned Variable
    • May bat at your hand with front claws
    • May be silent or vocalizing
  37. Cats:
    • Does not permit interaction
    • Swats at hand, may charge
    • Hisses and spits
    • Deep meowing winding up to scream
    • Rigid body
    • Direct stare
    • Arched back, fluffed tail
  38. Canine Body Language:
    Friendly Posture
    • Curved body
    • Tail out straight or in a natural position
    • Soft eyes and facial expression
    • Solicits interaction
  39. Canine Body Language:
    Submissive Posture
    • EArs back
    • Tail tucked under the body
    • Licking; lips pulled back
    • Rolls over
    • Urinates
  40. Canine Body Language:
    Fearful Posture
    • Retreats when approached
    • May assume submissive posture
    • Raised hackles
    • Curling lip and baring teeth
    • Growling
    • Snapping
  41. Canine Body Language:
    Dominant Posture
    • Alert expression
    • Direct stare
    • Ears forward/ moving
    • Tail erect
    • Body hard with a wide stance
    • Mouth open or teeth bared
  42. S-Subjective
    These are the observations made by the client. This is often under the chief complaint (CC) The patient history is found here
  43. O-Objective
    These are the notes of the veterinarian during the physical examination. This is where vital signs and system review are entered.
  44. A-Assessment
    This is the diagnosis (Dx), the tentative diagnosis (TDx), or the differential diagnosis (DDx)
  45. P-Plan
    This is the plan for additional diagnostic tests, treatment, and procedures. Follow-up appointment and prescriptions are also found here. Dated daily progress notes are here with enties concerning nursing care.