bioconcepts stds

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bioconcepts stds
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2011-05-30 19:55:33
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  1. inflammation of less than two weeks duration often associated with bacterial infections and usually characterized by the presence of neutrophils, monocytes, and macrophages
    acute inflammation
  2. blue-staining granulocytes that carry an IgE receptor and contain cytoplasmic granules filled with biologically active enzymes and cytokines that mediate the inflammatory process
    basophils
  3. the protective protein covering over the nucleotide genome of a virus
    capsid
  4. primary prevention of infectious diseases by administering antimicrobial drugs to prevent infection
    chemoprophylaxis
  5. inflammation of more than two weeks duration characterized by the presence of mononuclear cells and often associated with endogenous infectious agents such as viruses or intracellular bacteria or the presence of a foreign body
    chronic inflammation
  6. the persistence of potentially pathogenic infectious agents in living tissue without causing tissue damage or disease
    colonization
  7. swelling of tissue
    edema
  8. constituents primarily of bacterial cell walls that cause cellular or tissue damage, often mediated by the host immune response
    endotoxins
  9. red-staining granulocytes that contain biologically active proteins and enzymes that mediate defense against parasitic infections. Eosinophils also produce cytokines that down-regulate the inflammatory response, remodel extracellular matrix during tissue healing, and mediate many adverse responses during asthmatic attacks
    eosinophils
  10. redness of the skin associated with inflammation
    erythema
  11. agents produced and released primarily by bacteria into the environment that disrupt cell function and/or cause cell and tissue damage
    exotoxins
  12. any of a variety of spore producing plants that can cause a wide variety of diseases ranging from acute irritation to chronic inflammation and potentially life threatening infection, especially among individuals with immune compromise
    fungi
  13. a bacterial sexually-transmitted disease
    gonorrhea
  14. a major group of white blood cells that have irregular, lobed nuclei and granules in their cytoplasm
    granulocytes
  15. areas of tissue damage caused by chronic inflammation characterized by large areas of tissue destruction surrounded by fibrous elements of extracellular matrix and the presence of large, bizarre inflammatory cells
    granulomas
  16. an inflammatory disease of the liver caused by any of at least six different viruses. The most prevalent form is hepatitis B
    infectious hepatitis
  17. disease caused when the virulence of microbiologic agents overcomes host immune defenses resulting in tissue invasion and damage
    infection
  18. the localized reaction that occurs in tissue in response to an infection or physical or chemical injury
    inflammation
  19. white blood cells
    leukocytes
  20. a subgroup of mononuclear cells that includes the T and B cells that mediate immune reactions
    lymphocytes
  21. a protozoan disease transmitted by mosquitoes characterized by high fevers and systemic infection that may cause death
    malaria
  22. cells that are similar to basophils in form and function that originate in the bone marrow and migrate to connective tissue surrounding blood vessels
    mast cells
  23. a subgroup of mononuclear cells that are called monocytes when they are in the bloodstream and macrophages when they are in tissues. These cells are the APC's that mediate endocytosis and presentation of antigen to T and B cells during immune reactions
    monocytes
  24. a major group of white blood cells that have round non-segmented nuclei and smooth cytoplasm
    mononuclear cells
  25. non-staining granulocytes that contain digestive endosomes and are the principal mediators of phagocytosis
    neutrophils
  26. primarily protozoa and worms that cause chronic inflammation and disease by invading tissues, often as a consequence of consuming contaminated food or water
    parasites
  27. disease-causing
    pathogenic
  28. a porous condition or state of cells or tissues that allows liquids to pass through them
    permeability
  29. cells capable of phagocytosis including neutrophils, monocytes, and macrophages
    phagocytes
  30. specialized blood cells that interact with coagulation proteins in the blood to form clots and stop bleeding from damaged blood vessels
    platelets
  31. another term for granulocyte
    polymorphonuclear leukocyte or PMN
  32. single celled animals
    protozoa
  33. any of a variety of fluke-like worms that cause parasitic infections of the liver, intestines, and bladder associated with chronic inflammation and extensive tissue damage
    schistosomes
  34. a bacterial sexually-transmitted disease
    syphilis
  35. a chronic inflammatory disease that usually originates in the lungs but may spread throughout the body caused by an intracellular bacterium capable of developing resistance to multiple antibiotics
    tuberculosis
  36. the degree of damage or injury that a toxin or infectious agent is capable of causing to cells, tissues, or living organisms
    virulence

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