ch 1.txt

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jen_scott09
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88495
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ch 1.txt
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2011-05-30 22:54:49
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overview radiography areas
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Intro to Imaging and Radiologic Sciences
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  1. ´╗┐Bone Densitometry (BD)
    the measurement of bone density using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA or DXA) to detect osteoporosis
  2. Cardiovascular Interventional Technology (CVIT)
    radiologic procedures for the diagnosis and tratment of diseases of the cardiovascular system
  3. Computed Tomography (CT)
    recording of a predetermined plane in the body using an x-ray beam that is measured, recorded, and then processed by a computer for display on a monitor
  4. Diagnostic Medical Sonography
    visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections of pulses of ultrasonic waves directed into the tissue
  5. Energy
    capacity to operate or work
  6. Ionization
    Any process by which a neutral atom gains or loses an electron, thus acquiring a net charge
  7. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
    process of using a magnetic field and radiofrequencies to create sectioanl images of the body
  8. Mammography
    Radiography of the breast
  9. Nuclear Medicine Technology
    Branch of radiology that involves the introduction of radioactive substances into the body for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes
  10. Radiation
    energy transmitted by waves through space or through a medium
  11. Radiation Therapy
    branch of radiology involved in the treatment of disease by means of x-rays or radioactive substances
  12. Radiography
    making of records (radiographs) of internal structures of the body by passing x-rays or gamma rays through the body to act on specially sensitized film or an imaging plate or system
  13. Radiologic Technologist
    General term applied to an individual who performs radiography, radiation therapy, or nuclear medicine technology
  14. Radiologist
    physician who specializes in the use of roentgen rays and other forms of radiation in the diagnosis and treatment of disease
  15. Radiologist Assistant (RA)
    An advanced-level radiographer who extends the capacity of radiologist in the diagnostic imaging environment, thereby enhancing patient care
  16. Radiology
    branch of the health sciences dealing with radioactive substances and radiant energy and with the diagnosis and tratment of disease by means of both ionizing (e.g., roentgen rays) and nonionizing (e.g. ultrasound) radiation
  17. Roentgen Ray
    synonym for x-ray
  18. X-ray
    electromagnetic radiatio of short wavelength that is produced when electrons moving at high velosity are suddenly stopped
  19. Gamma Rays
    Electromagnetic radiation emitted from the nucleus of an atom by radioactive decay and having energies in a range from ten thousand (10 4 ) to ten million (10 7 ) electron volts.
  20. Who was Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen?
    A German physicist who through experimenting with cathode rays and exploring their properties outside glass tubes, became the first radiographer when he produced a series of photographs of radiographic images.
  21. Radiologic technology
    the technical science that deals with the use of xrays or radioactive substances for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes in medicine
  22. Radiographer
    A radiologic technologist specializing in the use of x-rays to create images of the body
  23. Myelography
    procedure used to view the spinal cord
  24. arthrography
    procedure used to view the joint spaces
  25. What do the initials RT(R) stand for?
    registered technologist of Radiography
  26. What does ASRT stand for?
    American Society of Radiologic Technologists
  27. What does ASRT do?
    They develop Clinical Practice Standards for Radiography which help define the role of the radiographer and establish criteria used to judge performance.
  28. Angiography
    Radiologic examination of the blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium
  29. Cardiac Catheterization
    Placing a catherter into one of the chambers of the heart. It can be directed into one or both of the 2 main arteries that supply blood to the heart itself.
  30. Angioplasty
    Procedure used to treat patients with blocked blood vessels or to place a stent in vessle to physically keep it open. Done instead of invasive open heart surgery
  31. Radiopharmaceutical
    Radioactive material that can be administered orally or inhaled or are combined with specimens such as blood or urine and are used in nuclear medicine procedures
  32. What does PET stand for?
    Positron Emission Tomography
  33. What are PET scans?
    Scans that create sectional images of the body that demonstrate the physiologic fxn of various organs and systems
  34. What does NMTCB stand for?
    Nuclear Medicine Technology Certification Board
  35. What does CNMT stand for and who uses?
    Certified Nuclear Medicine technologist. NMTCB certified individuals uses these initials after their name
  36. Radiation oncology
    type of radiation therapy that involves the use of high-energy ionizing radiation to treat primarily malignant tumors (cancer)
  37. Medical dosimetrists
    Radiation therapists that are involved in treatment planning and dose calculations
  38. What does RT(T) stand for and who uses it?
    Registered technologist (radiation therapy technology). An individual who is ARRT certified in Radiation Therapy
  39. What is DEXA BD?
    Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry
  40. What is DEXA BD used for?
    To detect osteoporosis by measuring bone mineral density (BMD).
  41. What does CT stand for?
    Computed Tomography
  42. What is a CT?
    the recording of a predetermined plane in the body using an x=ray beam that is measured, recorded and then processed by a computer for display on a monitor
  43. Define diagnostic medical sonography
    the visualization of structures of the body by recording the reflections of pulses of high-frequency sound (ultrasound) waves directed into the tissue.
  44. What does ARDMS stand for?
    American Registry of Diagnostic Medical Sonographers
  45. What does RDMS stand for and who uses it?
    Registered Diagnostic Medical Sonographer uses these initials
  46. What does RDCS stand for and who uses it?
    Registered Diagnostic Cardiac Sonographer uses these initials
  47. What does MRI stand for?
    Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  48. What are some additional opportunities available within the profession of radiologic technology?
    • Education
    • Management
    • Commercial Firms
  49. What are some opportunities within the education area?
    • Clinical instructor
    • Didactic faculty member
    • Clinical coordinator
    • Program director
  50. What are some opportunities within the Administration area?
    • Department supervisors
    • upper management such as
    • chief technologist
    • Radiology Mgr
    • Administrator
  51. What are some opportunities within the Commercial Firms?
    • Sales rep
    • Technical specialists - trainers
  52. What does AMA stand for?
    American Medical Association
  53. Define Technologist
    General term that applies to an individual skilled in a practical art. This health care provider applies knowledge to practical and theoretic problems in the field.
  54. Define Technician
    Term that applies to a person who performs procedures that require attention to technical detail and work under the direction of another health care provider

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