Chapter 5 "Personality and Values"

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angelitics
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88502
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Chapter 5 "Personality and Values"
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2011-05-31 00:14:50
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Chapter 5 "Personality and Values"
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  1. The sum total of ways in which an individual reacts to and interacts with others
    personality
  2. Factors determined at conception; one's biological, physiological, and inherent psychological makeup
    heredity
  3. Enduring characteristics that describe and individual's behavior
    personality traits
  4. A personality test that taps four characteristics and classifies people into 1 of 16 personality types
    Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)
  5. A personality assessment model that taps five basic dimensions
    Big Five Model
  6. A personality dimension describing someone who is sociable, gregarious, and assertive
    extraversion
  7. A personality dimension that describes someone who is good natured, cooperative, and trusting
    agreeableness
  8. A personality dimension that describes someone who is responsible, dependable, persistent, and organized
    conscientiousness
  9. A personality dimension that characterizes someone as calm, self-confident, secure (positive) versus nervous, depressed, and insecure (negative).
    emotional stability
  10. A personality dimension that characterizes someone in terms of imagination, sensitivity, and curiosity
    openness to exprience
  11. The degree to which an individual likes or dislikes himself or herself, whether the person sees himself or herself as capable and effective, and whether the person feels in control of his or her environment or powerless over the environment
    core self-evaluation
  12. The degree to which an individual is pragmatic, maintains emotional distance, and believes that ends can justify means.
    Machiavellianism
  13. The tendency to be arrogant, have a grandiose sense of self-importance, require excessive admiration, and have a sense of entitlement
    narcissism
  14. A personality trait that measures an individuals ability to adjust his or her behavior to external, situational factors
    self-monitoring
  15. Aggressive involvement in a chronic, incessant struggle to achieve more and more in less and less time and, if necessary, against the opposing efforts of ther things or other people
    Type A personality
  16. People who identify opportunities, show initiative take action, and persevere until meaningful change occurs.
    proactive personality
  17. Basic convictions that a specific mode of conduct or end-state of existence is personally or socially preferable to an opposite or converse mode of conduct or end-state of existence
    values
  18. A hierarchy based on a ranking of an individual's values in terms of their intensity.
    Value system
  19. Desirable end -states of existence; the goals a person would like to achieve during his or her lifetime.
    terminal values
  20. Preferable modes of behavior or means of achieving one's terminal values
    instrumental values
  21. A theory that identifies six personality types and proposes that the fit between personality type and occupational environment determines satisfaction and turnover
    personality - job fit theory
  22. A national culture attribute that describes the extent to which a society accepts that power in institutions and organizations in distributed unequally
    power distance
  23. A national culture attribute that describes the degree to which people prefer to act as individuals rather than as members of groups.
    individualism
  24. A national culture attribute that describes a tight social framework in which people expect others in groups of which they are a part to look after them and protect them.
    collectivism
  25. A national culture attribute that describes the extent to which the culture favors traditional masculine work roles of achievement, power, and control. Societal values are characterized by assertiveness and materialism
    masculinity
  26. A national culture attribute that indicates little differentiation between male and female roles; a high rating indicates that women are treated as the equals of men in all aspects of society.
    femininity
  27. A national culture attribute that describes the extent to which a society feels threatened by uncertain and ambiguous situations and tries to avoid them
    uncertainty avoidance
  28. A national culture attribute that emphasizes the future, thrift, and persistence
    long-term orientation
  29. A national culture attribute that emphasizes the past and present, respect for tradition, and fulfillment of social obligations
    short-term orientation

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