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REASONS TO STUDY
- Personal Reasons
- Public Reasons
- Professional Reasons
What is involved in choosing a topic?
Is it Interesting to you and the Audience?
- Is it Appropriate to the situation and
- the time?
Is it manageable and worthwhile?
The physical medium through which communication occurs
The process by which a code is translated back into ideas.
Audience member responses, both verbal and nonverbal.
An exchange of verbal and nonverbal messages between two or more people.
A forecast of the main points of the speech
Transitional statements that bridge main points
- The degree to which the audience trusts and believes
- in a speaker.
The primary function of a speech in which the three commonly agreed upon general purposes are:
Define Specific Purpose
Goal or Objective a speaker hopes to achieve in speaking to a particular audience.
A single declarative sentence that focuses the audience’s attention on the central point of the speech.
Usually stated in the introduction of the speech.
Name the 4 types of Speeches
A combination of careful preparation with spontaneous speaking in which the speaker generally uses brief notes
Writing out a speech completely and reading to the audience
Speaking with very little preparation; Spontaneous and unrehearsed.
Speaking with no notes.
What are the ways that you can begin a speech with?
Capture the audiences attention
Connect with the audience
Preview your main points
Ending a Speech with impact
Aristotle's 3 types of appeals to use when
The audience's perception of a speakers competence, trustworthiness, and goodwill; credibility
What is the SMCRE Model?
What is ELM?
Elaboration Likelihood Model
Define the ELM
It's the process of when the brain processes messages through the peripheral root and the central root of the brain.
"Fear or Anxiety of Communication"
What are some causes of Fear or Anxiety?
What is CA short for?
What are some effects of CA?
Lower ACT Scores
Class Selection: Groups/Participation
50% lower graduation
What are some ways that a person can reduce the effects of CA?
Change your Perspective/Courage
What is Cognitive Reconstructing?
Changing your negative self talk into positive self talk.
What is Systematic Desensitization?
It's a type of behavioral therapy used in the field of psychology to help effectively overcome phobias and other anxiety disorders
What is Kinesics?
The study of body movements, gestures, facial expressions, etc., as a means of communication.
What is Ethics?
It is a system of of principles of right and wrong.
What is Ethical Relativism?
Belief that there are no universal Principles. Truth is relative and depends on the circumstances.
What is Culture Relativism?
Criteria for ethical behavior in not necessarily applied to other cultures.
What is Universalism?
The philosophy that there are ethical standard that apply to all cultures.
What is Utilitarianism?
The greatest happiness for the greatest number of people.
"Sacrifice the few for the many"
What is Situational Ethics?
Belief that ethics depend on the situation.
What are Some guidelines for Public speaking?
- Be truthful
- Show respect for the power of words
- Choice/Respect: "Do unto others..."
- Cultural Diversity
- Treat people as means not ends (Don't manipulate)
- Provide good reasons
What is Plagiarism?
The unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one's own original work.
What needs to be done to avoid Plagiarism?
Cite the Source.
The speaker cares about the Audiences needs and concerns.
The perception by the audience that they can rely on a speaker's word.