20-H102 Military History ELO E.txt

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ShawnStanford
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88533
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20-H102 Military History ELO E.txt
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2011-05-31 09:22:01
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H102 Military History ELO
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20-H102 Military History ELO E
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  1. Critical Changes leading up to WW I
    • - Organizational
    • - - Mass armies
    • - - Reserve system
    • - - Mobilization Plans
    • - Economic
    • - - Industrial revolution
    • - Technology
    • - - Machinery
  2. Reasons for WW I
    • - Militarism
    • - Alliances
    • - Imperialism (Competition for colonies)
    • - Nationalism
  3. WW I Militarism
    • - Germany building battleships
    • - UK fears attack & competition
    • - Continental powers build armies
  4. WW I Alliances
    - By 1914 all major powers (except U.S.) in alliances
  5. WW I Imperialism
    • - Competition for colonies
    • - British feared Germany in Africa
    • - Austrians feared Russians/Serbs
  6. WW I Nationalism
    - European Slavs want to be free
  7. WW I 'Spark'
    • - 28 Jun 1914
    • - Gavrillo Principe (Serbian nationalist) kills Archduke Ferdinand & wife in Sarajevo
    • - Austrians send ultimatum to Servia
    • - Serbia rejects small parts
    • - Russia mobilizes, Germans demand stand down
    • - Russia refuses, Germans declare war
  8. British involvement in WW I
    • - Alliance with Russia & France
    • - Pledge to protect Belgian neutrality (1838)
    • - Britain feared German control of Channel ports
  9. U.S. in 1914
    • - Most powerful industrial nation
    • - Leader in coal, steel, cotton
    • - Woodrow Wilson: Strict neutrality
  10. U.S. Enters WW I
    • 1. Unrestricted submarine warfare
    • 2. American propoganda stressed German barbarism
    • 3. Make world safe for democracy (German dictatorship)
    • 4. Business interests (Trade w/Allies)
    • 5. Zimmerman Note (Germany asks Mexico to declare war on U.S.)
  11. U.S. Army 1914
    • - 94k Soldiers, 45k overseas
    • - 27k National Guard
    • - Selective Service authorizes 140k in 1917
    • - 1m in France by 1918
  12. Ypres
    • - 22 APR - 25 MAY, 1915
    • - Germans use chlorine gas
    • - 6k Canadian killed
  13. Somme
    • - 1 JUL - 28 NOV 1916
    • - 57k+ British & Canadians killed on the first day by machine guns
    • - 1.2m killed from all nations
    • - 11km of territory gained
    • - First use of tanks by British
  14. Verdun
    • - 1916
    • - Vital French strong point (forts)
    • - Henri Petain given command of French
    • - NOV: France recaptures
  15. Vimy Ridge
    • - 9-12 APR 1917
    • - Canadian general uses maneuver warfare
  16. Passchendaele
    • - 31 JUL 1917
    • - Low countries, reclaimed land, muddy
    • - 250k die
    • - Allies gain 7km, Germans later retake
  17. WW I Ends
    • - 1917 Russian Revolution frees Germans
    • - America enters war
    • - Worldwide Spanish Flu
    • - 4 OCT 1918: Germans ask for cease-fire
    • - Paris Peace Conf.
    • - 11 NOV 1918
  18. Versailles Treaty
    • - German guilt
    • - Reparations
    • - U.S. refuses to sign due to League of Nations requirement
    • - Geopolitical changes
  19. WW I Technology Advancements
    • - Chemical Weapons
    • - Airplanes
    • - Tanks
    • - Advanced artillery
    • - Machine guns
    • - Bolt-action Rifle primary infantry weapon (U.S.: Springfield M1903)
    • - Submarines/Torpedoes
    • - Radio
  20. Failure to Revise Tactics to Technology (WW I)
    • - Charges against machine guns (cavalry charges)
    • - Theory that more willpower gained victory
    • - Emergence of trench warfare
    • - Redefinition of courage & valor
  21. WW I Artillery Developments
    • - Krupp
    • - 'Big Bertha'
    • - Recoil mechanism & recoil spade
    • - Breech loading

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