20-H102 Military History ELO G.txt

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20-H102 Military History ELO G.txt
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2011-05-31 09:31:05
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H102 Military History ELO
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20-H102 Military History ELO G
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  1. Division of Europe after WW II
    • - Roosevelt, Stalin, Churchil
    • - Tehran, Yalta, Potsdam
  2. Patterns of Cold War
    • - Action/Reaction, Policy/Counter-Policy
    • - Marshall Plan/COMECON
    • - NATO (1949)/Warsaw Pact (1955)
    • - Soviet atom bomb: 1949
    • - Hydrogen bomb: U.S. 1951, USSR 1953
  3. Warsaw Pact
    • - Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania, USSR
    • - Response to NATO
  4. Cold War Arms Race
    • - ICBMs
    • - Nuclear missile submarines
    • - Strategic bombers
    • - Large mechanized land forces
    • - Mutual Assured Destruction (MAD) by 1970
  5. Effect of Cold War on Army
    • - Viability in nuclear age?
    • - Focus on counter-insurgency
    • - Concept of limited war
  6. Davy Crockett Missile
    • - Smallest, lightest nuke ever fielded
    • - Jeep-mounted launcher: 2.5 mile range
    • - Tripod-mounted launcher: 1.25 range
  7. Korean War Lessons
    • - Troops reliant on tanks
    • - Infantry skills atrophied
    • - Limited war possible
    • - "The war that sent the Army back to school."
  8. Korean War Starts
    • - 500 U.S. Advisors in ROK in 1949
    • - 25 JUN 1950, North invades
    • - Task Force Smith
    • - Pusan Perimeter
    • - North Korea overextends
    • - 15 SEP 1950: Inchon landings
  9. Task Force Smith
    • - 540 IN, 108 FA
    • - 1st U.S. force, sent from Japan
    • - Fail to slow superior force
    • - 154 IN, 34 FA KIA/MIA
  10. Chinese Intervention in Korea
    • - 25 OCT 1950
    • - MacArthur wants to invade China & use nukes
    • - U.N. retreats
    • - NOV 1950: Chosin Reservoir
  11. MacArthur Relieved
    • - Challenges President's decisions
    • - 11 APR 1951
    • - President Harry Truman
  12. Korean War 'Ends'
    • - Armstice (Cease-Fire)
    • - Non-Aggression Pact (N & S Korea): 1991
    • - Casualties: 30k KIA, 90k WIA
  13. Korean War Consequences
    • - Defense pacts to contain Communism
    • - Buildup of conventional forces
    • - Reaffirms civilian control of military
    • - Limited war introduced
  14. Cuban Missile Crisis
    • - MAY 1962
    • - Kruschev puts missiles in Cuba
    • - Meant to counter U.S. locations and technology
    • - Kennedy blockades, USSR removes missiles
  15. Prelude to the Vietnam War
    • - 1946 - 1950: 1st Indochina War
    • - 1950: Soviets & Chinese give weapons to Vietnam
    • - U.S. pledges $15m to French
  16. North Vietnamese Strategy
    • - Undermine enemy resolve with political action & bold attacks
    • - Vo Nguyen Giap
    • - Dien Bien Phu: French lose
  17. 1st Indochina War Ends
    • - 1954
    • - French leave
    • - Vietnam partitioned
    • - Communists take over North under Ho Chi Minh
    • - North wants reunited Vietnam
    • - President Diem rules South, never holds promised elections
  18. Vietnam War: 1961
    • - U.S. Advisors+ 340 to 805
    • - U.S. equipment (helicopters)
  19. Agent Orange
    • - 1962+
    • - Operation Ranch Hand
    • - Caused deformities
  20. Vietnam Coup
    • - 1962
    • - Diem overthrown
    • - Corrupt government
    • - U.S. approved coup, not Diem's murder
  21. Ia Drang
    • - NOV 1965
    • - Birth of Air Cavalry
    • - 4k U.S. vs. 2.7K VC
    • - NVA learned to avoid force-on-force with U.S.
  22. Vietnam War Bombing Campaigns
    • - 1st: B-52s along Mugia Pass
    • - Flaming Dart
    • - Rolling Thunder
    • - Linebacker I & II (Christmas Bombings)
  23. Operation Cedar Falls
    • - 30k U.S. + RVN troops
    • - Iron Triangle
  24. Strategy of the Vietnamese Revolution
    • - Use all facets of power: Military, political, diplomatic, economoic and psychological
    • - "On Protracted War" by Mao Zedong
    • - - Three stages of revolutionary warfare
    • - - - Defensive
    • - - - Equilibrium
    • - - - Counteroffensive
    • - - Move in and out of stages, exhaust enemy's will
  25. Ho Chi Minh Trail
    • - Support to NLF (Viet Cong)
    • - Outside borders of Vietnam
    • - Porters, bicycles, ponies
    • - Close to Saigon
  26. Tet Offensive
    • - 1968
    • - Turning point in war
    • - U.S. sees no end
    • - U.S. wins battle
    • - U.S. losses: 1k, heavy ARVN & civilian casualties
    • - LBJ doesn't run, but backs down
    • - Paris peace talks
  27. Nixon & Vietnam
    • - 'Vietnamization'
    • - - Lamson 719
    • - - - Show Communists Vietnamization works
    • - - - Influence Paris talks
    • - Increases RVNAF
    • - Equipment & force modernization
    • - Partnering with U.S. units
    • - U.S. trainers
  28. Late Vietnam War Events
    • - 1968: Abrams takes charge
    • - 1969: Hamburger Hill, 9k+ U.S. KIA
    • - 1970: Kent State
    • - 1971: Cambodian incursion
    • - 1973: Paris Peace Accords
    • - 1975: Fall of Saigon (30 APR)
  29. Paris Peace Accords
    • - 23 JAN 1973
    • - Military operations cease
    • - Withdraw troops, repatriate POWs
    • - Contribute to reconstruction
  30. War Powers Act
    • - 7 NOV 1973
    • - 48 hours to notify Congress
    • - 60 days to finish
  31. Vietnam Technology
    • - Air cavalry
    • - Helicopters (Bell UH-1)
    • - Infrared scopes
    • - Smart bombs
    • - Guided missiles
  32. Results of Vietnam War
    • - U.S. turns attention to Soviet aggression
    • - Strongest Army ever

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