activated_charcoal.txt

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Author:
papeirce
ID:
88545
Filename:
activated_charcoal.txt
Updated:
2011-05-31 10:29:47
Tags:
paramedic medications drugs prehospital activated charcoal actidose liquichar
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Description:
Prehospital Medication Flashcards for Paramedic School - Massachusetts and Rhode Island
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  1. Activated Charcoal

    Trade Name
    • Actidose-Aqua
    • Liquichar
  2. Activated Charcoal

    Class
    Adsorbent
  3. Activated Charcoal

    Mechanism of Action
    • Adsorbs toxic substances from the GI Tract
    • Onset of action is immediate
  4. Activated Charcoal

    Indications
    Most oral poisonings and medication overdoses; can be used after evacuation of poisons
  5. Activated Charcoal

    Contraindications
    • Oral administration to comatose patient
    • After ingestion of corrosives, caustics or petroleum distillates (ineffective and may induce vomiting)
    • Simultaneous administration with other oral drugs
  6. Activated Charcoal

    Adverse Reactions
    • May induce nausea and vomiting
    • May cause constipation
    • May cause black stools
  7. Activated Charcoal

    Drug Interactions
    Bonds with and generally inactivates whatever it is mixed with, e.g., syrup of ipecac
  8. Activated Charcoal

    How Supplied
    • 25 gm (black powder) / 125 ml bottle (200 mg/ml)
    • 50 gm (black powder) / 250 ml bottle (200 mg/ml)
  9. Activated Charcoal

    Dosage and Administration
    Adult
    1-2 gm/kg PO or via NGT

    Note: If not in Pre-mixed slurry, dilute with 1-part charcoal/ 4 parts water.
  10. Activated Charcoal

    Dosage and Administration
    Pediatric
    1-2 gm/kg PO or via NGT

    Note: If not in Pre-mixed slurry, dilute with 1-part charcoal/ 4 parts water.
  11. Activated Charcoal

    Duration of Action
    Depends upon GI function; will act until excreted.
  12. Activated Charcoal

    Special Considerations
    • Often used in conjunction with magnesium citrate
    • Must be stored in a closed container
    • Does not adsorb cyanide, lithium, iron, lead or arsenic

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