hydrocortisone.txt

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Author:
papeirce
ID:
88548
Filename:
hydrocortisone.txt
Updated:
2011-05-31 10:46:40
Tags:
hydrocortisone cortisone methylprednisolone prednisone
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Description:
Prehospital Medication Flashcards for Paramedic School - Massachusetts and Rhode Island
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  1. Hydrocortisone, Methylprednisolone

    Trade Name
    Cortisone, Prednisone (respectively)
  2. Hydrocortisone, Methylprednisolone

    Class
    Corticosteroid
  3. Hydrocortisone, Methylprednisolone

    Mechanism of Action
    • Replaces absent glucocorticoids
    • Suppresses acute and chronic inflammation
    • Immunosuppressive effects
  4. Hydrocortisone, Methylprednisolone

    Indications
    • Anaphylaxis
    • Asthma
    • Spinal Cord Injury
    • Croup
    • Elevated Intracranial Pressure (prevention and treatment)
    • Adrenal insufficiency
    • As an adjunct to treatment of shock
  5. Hydrocortisone, Methylprednisolone

    Contraindications
    Hypersensitivity to product
  6. Hydrocortisone, Methylprednisolone

    Adverse Reactions
    • Hypertension
    • Sodium and water retention
    • GI bleeding
    • TB
    • None from single dose
  7. Hydrocortisone, Methylprednisolone

    Drug Interactions
    • Calcium
    • Metaraminol
  8. Hydrocortisone, Methylprednisolone

    How Supplied
    • Hydrocortisone: 100 mg/ 2 ml vials
    • Methylprednisolone: 125 mg/2 mg and 40 mg/2 ml vials
  9. Hydrocortisone, Methylprednisolone

    Dosage and Administration
    Adult
    • Hydrocortisone: 2 mg./kg. IV bolus to maximum of 100 mg
    • Methylprednisolone: 2 mg./kg/ IV bolus to maximum of 125 mg
  10. Hydrocortisone, Methylprednisolone

    Dosage and Administration
    Pediatric
    (None Listed)
  11. Hydrocortisone, Methylprednisolone

    Duration of Action
    • Onset: Minutes to Hours (depending on indication).
    • Peak effects: 8-12 hours
  12. Hydrocortisone, Methylprednisolone

    Special Considerations
    Protect medication from heat

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