Bridge is an Adobe program that provides previews of different types of Adobe files. It allows you to toggle back and forth between Bridge and the Adobe program.
How is Bridge accessed from Illustrator?
Click on file->Browse in Bridge, click Alt+Ctrl+O, or click on the Br icon at the top of the Illustrator window.
How can one change the views inside of Bridge?
Click on the slider in the lower right corner to increase or decrease the size of the icons, click on icons next to slider to view as a thumbnail, details, or view contents as a list.
How can one change the default application for a certain file extension?
In Windows, click on edit ->preferences->File Type Associations, and select the file extension, then from the drop down choose which program you would like to use.
What is a stack inside of bridge and why would it be helpful?
Stack is the grouping of files under a single thumbnail. Stacks can be used to organize image sequences.
How can one preview and open up a template inside of Bridge?
In windows, click on Folders->Program Files-> Adobe->Adobe Illustrator->Cool Extras->en_US->Templates
How does one open up a swatch library already built into Illustrator?
From Swatches, click on the drop down menu and select Open Swatch Library, and select the swatch from the list.
How does one open up a new set of Brushes from the Brush Library?
Click on the drop down menu and select Open Brushes Library
How does one open up a new set of Symbols from the Symbol Library?
Click on the drop down menu and select Open Symbols Library.
What is the location of the default templates on either a Mac or a PC on your computer?
on Folders->Program Files-> Adobe->Adobe Illustrator->Support Files->en_US->
Why would a person want to use a custom default template?
To have a template with the tools and accessories that you most often use available.
Will custom brushes carry over to a new Illustrator file that is created from a custom template?
Why are guides helpful?
They help you line things up and keep things even.
How does one show, lock, hide, or clear guides?
Click on a ruler and drag it down to show it. Click on view->Guides-> to hide, lock or clear guides, or use Ctrl+; to Hide, or Alt+Ctrl+; to Lock.
Why would one store guides on a separate layer?
To use layers panel to show and hide guides, and to lock guides. It makes it easier to manage guides.
How is a rotated guide created?
Select guide and go to the rotate tool. Then click and drag guide to make it diagonal.
When would the “Make Guides” be used?
When creating a guide from a layout or design.
What are the “Smart Guides” used for?
To see when lines are interest, when you are over an anchor point, or when you are over a path when using the pen tool.
What are Artboards used for?
To use one Illustrator document for multiple pages with different layouts. It won’t give you a pages panel, but you can control it with Artboards.
Why would one want more than one Artboard?
To create a duplicate of the work area you are using.
Can one print more than one Artboard?
Yes, you can select a range of Artboards that you want to print.
What are Workspaces?
The area of Illustrator with panels, control bars, and tool bars.
How are Workspaces reset?
By clicking on Window->Workspace-> and the type of workspace you are using.
How does one save a Workspace?
Clicking Window->Workspace->Save Workspace.
What does the “Alt” or “Option” modifier key do while using the pen tool?
Allows you to move the directional handle to change the path of an arch.
What will the “Shift” modifier key do while dragging out a handle or creating a point?
Allows you to draw a straight line.
What will the “Command” or “Ctrl” key allow to happen?
Releases you from the last point drawn with the pen tool.
Why should someone select the white arrow tool before selecting the pen tool to use?
To control points. When you hold down ctrl it will access the direct selection tool.
What does the “Alt” modifier key do when moving over the reflection?
Creates a copy
What does the “Shift” modifier key do when moving over the reflection?
Keeps the image straight.
Should you use the black arrow or direction selection tool when creating a join?
Direct selection tool.
How do you know you created a “True” join?
When one point is directly over another point. You will see the join window.
How is a brush created?
Drag and drop a shape into the brush pane.
How is a path outlined?
Select object, click on Object->Path->Outline Stroke
What is the purpose of creating an outlined stroke?
To fill it with a gradient.
What is the reference point in the rotate tool used for?
Set the point for which the object is going to rotate around.
How would one specify the degree’s to rotate an object?
Double click on the rotate tool. In the rotate window, type the degree into the angle box.
What is the short cut keys to transform again?
Ctrl+D on windows.
What does a clipping mask do?
Takes the top most shape and clips all shapes underneath it to that shape.
Why redraw out a logo in vector?
To prevent pixilation when increasing the size.
Why are layer templates helpful when tracing an image? What makes a layer template different than a normal layer?
It creates a reference layer for recreating artwork. It is helpful to illustrate what needs to be worked to recreate an accurate image.
What will the space bar allow you to do while you are drawing an object?
Lets you move whatever you’re drawing as you draw it.
Why would someone use the outline mode vs. layers to redraw a logo?
So that you can see the template layer when you have filled in an object.
What does “Minus Front” in the Path Finder do?
Removes the cutout placed in front of another object. It minuses the front object.
How can one move two or more points at a time?
Click on one, hold down the shift key and select the next.
What is the “Miter Limit”? What does it do?
The miter limit is all about getting points back.
What does “Divide” in the Path Finder do?
Deletes paths to create a clear area. Creates a look of one item transposed across another.
What is the Stroke of an object?
The thickness of the line.
How does one perform a blend?
Select two lines, double click on the Blend Tool, select the spacing, click ok. Click Object->Blend->Make.
What does the “specified steps” do?
It creates how ever many lines you specify between the two lines for the blend.
What does the “smooth color” do?
Auto-calculates the number of steps for a blend.
What does the small “X” stand for when using the blend tool?
That you are over an object that can be selected.
What do the blending modes “Multiply” and “Screen” do?
Multiply blends out the white. Screen blends out the black.
Why would you pull down the opacity on a blending mode?
To create a smoother look and greater blend.
What is a Gradient?
a series of stops in the gradient slider
What is a Graphic Style?
set of reusable appearance attributes. Graphic styles allow you to quickly change the look of an object
How can you align two or more objects to the center?
Select selection tool, highlight the objects, and choose alignment from the toolbar.
How do you change the views for your swatches?
Click on the drop down at the top right of the swatches. The fourth group has different views to choose from.
How do you replace a color in the gradient options?
Drag from the swatches and place on the beginning or end of the gradient.
What tool can you use to pick up the color from one object and apply it to another?
The eyedropper tool.
What is a radial gradient?
A gradient that starts in the center and radiates outward.
What is the way shown to hide multiple layers all at one time?
Select them with the selection tool, click on Object-> Hide-> Selection.
How can you specify rows and columns manually in a Gradient Mesh?
Click on Object-> Create Gradient Mesh, and enter the desired amount into the rows and columns boxes.
What selection tool do you need to select points in a Gradient Mesh?
The lasso tool.
What does the Lasso tool allow you to do?
Select multiple points of a gradient mesh to apply a color to.
What does Shift do while selecting points on a path?
Allows you to select multiply points.
What do the handles do in a gradient mesh?
Allows you to change the line of the mesh much like you control the pen tool.
What does the color blend “Screen” do?
Blend out or drop out the black in the top most image.
What does the color blend “Color” do?
It colorizes the images with the selected color.
What would one use to select more colors that are in harmony with the color selected?
In color guide, click on the drop down and select one of the harmony rules.
How would one save a harmony rule into a color group on the swatches palette?
Use the drop down menu iin the color guides window. Select Save Colors as Swatches.
What is some of the information that the transform panel displays?
Shows the width and height of the object drawn.
Where can one find the option to change Inches to Pixels?
In the general units & display performance preference.
How can an object be specifically moved 1 inch?
Right click the object, click transform, then move.
What is the reference point used for in the transform panel?
To determine which point of the object to refer to when transforming it.
How does one group a bunch of objects together?
Select all the objects, then click Object-> Group
What is an Opacity Mask?
Opacity masks have a gradient that clipping mask cannot.
How is an opacity mask created and what elements are required to create one?
Traced image and full color image, a gradient. Through transparency panel, use drop down menu, select make opacity mask.
What does the color blend “Multiply” do?
Blends with the white to take the topmost color and add it to the white of a black and white image.
How is a pattern created?
Selecting the pattern and dragging it into the swatches panel.
How can a pattern be scaled to a different size
without revealing more pattern?
Double click on the scale tool and put a checkmark in the pattern box.
How can an existing pattern be replaced to update all existing patterns applied? What keyboard shortcut is necessary to accomplish this?
Hold down the alt or option key and drag it over the existing pattern in swatches.
Where can the default patterns built into Illustrator be found?
Click on the drop down menu in swatches and then click on Open Swatch Library, Patterns
How is an existing pattern updated and saved?
Drag and drop a pattern from the swatch library onto your workspace. Use the direct selection tool to select a color. Click on Select -> Same -> Fill Color
What is the difference from “Point Type” and “Area Type”? Give example of when each should be used.
Illustrator lets you make two different types of type. Point type is selecting the type tool and typing directly onto the work. Area type is clicking and dragging a text box and typing into that.
How is an “Area Type” created?
Select the type tool and drag a box to type into.
How is an “Point Type” created?
Click the type tool, click in the work area, and start typing.
What are some of the file formats that can be imported directly into Illustrator? Give 3 types of files.
.txt, .docx, .doc, .rtf, .dxf, .dwg, or .fxg
What is the Glyphs Panel?
Special types such as trademarks, degrees, letters with accents, etc.
What is the tabs panel used for?
To line up text to a specific tab. To do left and right indents. To align to the left or right.
What is a leader used for in the tabs?
To put type between tabbed columns
Why should styles be used in Illustrator?
It makes universal changes easier.
What is the difference between character and paragraph styles?
Character is only applied to whatever you have selected. Paragraph is applied to the whole paragraph whether or not things are selected.
How are overrides removed?
Hold down the option key as you click on the style.
Why would a designer want to use paragraph or character styles? What are the benefits?
They would use these styles to make it easier to edit a text intensive document. The benefits are that if you assign text to these attributes, if you change a part of the style it will affect everything assigned to this style.
Why would someone want to outline fonts or embed images? How would this help a printing company?
Fonts are outlined and images are embedded so that the actual images could be seen by whomever opens it regardless of whether the information was on their computer or not. They would be able to see the information and be able to scale it.
How is a font outlined?
Select it with the black arrow, click on Type -> Create Outline
What is a compound path?
Many paths recognized as one path.
How can an image inside of text be created? What parts must it contain to accomplish this?
Select many paths, click on Object -> Compound Path -> Make. Open an image and place it on your artboard. Select the compound path and click Object -> Arrange -> Bring to Front. Move the compound path onto the image where you would like the image to be in the path. Hold down the shift key and select both the image and the compound path. Click Object -> Clipping Mask -> Make.
What is the difference from linking and image and embedding an image?
Linked images are separate illustration files that are linked together to create an image. Embedded images are included in the file. They are not separate.
How can you tell the difference between a linked image and an embedded image?
When you open up the link window, embedded images will have a symbol to the right of the graphic indicating it is embedded.
Should a file be linked or embedded when sending the file to someone?
Embedded to create one file with all work included.
Why do clipping masks have to exist on the same layer?
They reside in whatever layer the topmost layer is in. A clipping mask is creating one image from two selections. They need to be on the same layer for this to happen.
What are the main differences between the color panel and the swatches panel?
Color panel swatches do not automatically end up in the color panel. They cannot be reused on the artboard. The swatches panel stores the colors that are used so they can be selected and reused.
What are the 3 ways to save a color from the color panel to the swatch panel?
Drag and drop the color from the color panel to the swatch panel. Use the drop down arrowfrom the color panel and select Create New Swatch. From the swatches panel click the drop down arrow and select Add Selected Colors.
How can one identify only the colors that were used in the illustration? What two steps are required to do this?
In the swatches panel click on the drop down menu andclick Select All Unused. Next click on the garbage can and select Yes for delete the swatch selection. Now click on the drop down menu and select Add Used Colors.
Name at least 3 of the different ways to select an object with similar attributes?
Hold down the shift key and select each individually, or by selecting based on stroke color, fill color, or stroke weight.
What does the eye dropper tool do?
Selects the color that is underneath the tool.
How can one distinguish between a color and a global color?
In the swatches panel a global color has a white lower left corner.
What are the advantages of a global color?
It can be edited across the entire artboard by changing one selection to another color.
How is a color made into a global color?
Double click on the color in the swatches panel and check the box for global color
How is a gradient saved?
Drag gradient into swatches panel.
Why are gradients saved in the swatches panel inferior to saving them as a graphic style?
In the swatches panel the gradient direction and opacity is not remembered.
What does the warp tool do?
Allows you to move vectors.
How can you change your brush size?
Double clicking on the warp tool icon and changing it in the window that opens up or by holding down the alt key and resizing.
How do you view specific details about the brush or tool and update them manually?
Double clicking on the tool icon.
What does the twirl tool do?
What is a handy way to switch between the ghosts?
Hold down the command key and click on the ghost you want to work with.
What does the pucker tool do?
Round off edges
What does the bloat tool do?
Expands the size of an object.
What does the Scallop tool do?
Gives an edge a rounded, scalloped edge.
What does the crystallize tool do?
Gives you pointed, crystal edges.
What does the wrinkle tool do?
Wrinkles the edges of a path.
Explain why the warp tool can’t be applied to text? Why must it be converted to outlines first?
Because the text is a particular font with its attributes locked. Once it is converted to outlines it is no longer restrained by its set attributes.
What are the benefits of using an envelope distort over the warp tools previously discussed?
If you convert it to outlines and use the warp tools it cannot be changed later without being retyped. It is editable in envelope distort.
What are the differences between an envelope distort and an envelope mesh?
A mesh can be made any way you like. It is more editable. You make a font your own.
Explain the steps to form text to a shape.
Draw a text box and enter the text. Make the shape you want to wrap around. Drag the shape over the text. Ensure the shape is over the text, select both items, click Object -> Envelope Distort -> Make with top object.
Is the text still editable?
Yes, inside of the Object -> Envelope Distort, select edit text.
How can an object be moved or nudged with the keyboard?
With the up and down arrows.
How is a symbol defined?
Commonly used artwork that is dragged into the symbol panel.
Give a good example of when to use symbols and how they will speed up the design process?
Company logo or photos for a particular client. Artwork that you reuse a lot.
How is a symbol redefined?
from the symbols panel drop down, choose break link to symbol.
What is another way to use the mouse to redefine the symbol?
Double click on a symbol and click ok.
What does the symbol sprayer do?
Sprays out the symbol wherever you spray. It creates the exact symbol repeatedly.
What does the symbol shifter do?
It spreads out the symbols selected.
What does the symbol scruncher do?
It brings in the symbols selected to the center point.
What does the symbol sizer do?
Resizes the symbol. Either makes it bigger or smaller.
What does the ALT key do with the symbol sizer?
It makes the symbols bigger when the symbol sizer is used.
What does the symbol spinner do?
Rotates the symbols in the direction of the arrow.
What does the symbol stainer do?
Adds a stain to a symbol. It is an opaque color over the symbol.
What does the symbol screener do?
Changes the opacity of the symbols.
What does the symbol styler do?
Allows you to apply a graphical style to a symbol.
How are the attributes of each tool accessed?
Double click on the symbol symbol tool you want to change.
Why save a symbol set?
So that you can access any document inside of illustrator.
What are the symbol options used for when adding a symbol? Are these important to Illustrator?
They are for flash, they are not important to illustrator.
What do the up and down arrows do while using the star tool?
Adds or subtracts points to the star as you're dragging.
What does the Command (or Ctrl) key do in conjunction with the star tool?
Controls the inset of the star.
What does Command (or Ctrl) + D do after copying an object?
Transform again which gives you more of the object.
How are the options or attributes of the brush accessed?
When first dragged into the brushes pane it opens. Double clicking on the brushes opens it too.
Why would some of these options be important?
To edit the spacing, the size, and the rotation easily.
What is a Scatter brush?
it scatters the graphic.
What is a Art brush?
Displays the graphic depending on how long you drag it.
Why is the direction important when making an art brush?
Because it replicates based on the direction you drag the brush tool.
What is the benefit of using the pencil tool versus the brush tool when using custom brush strokes?
You can go over your last points and draw on them to change the brush stroke.
What is a Pattern brush?
Used for borders or how you'd like a pattern to repeat on a line.
How is a stroke put from the outside to the inside?
Go to the stroke panel and select the align box for align inside.
How can the width or height of an object be determined?
select an object and select transform at the top.
Can addition or subtraction be used inside of an objects width or height?
Yes. you can do it for the stroke or other things as needed.
Why would someone use the blob tool instead of the paint brush or pen tool?
Because it is already a fill so you don't need to outline a stroke.