NURSING 120 EXAM 1

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Anonymous
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88613
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NURSING 120 EXAM 1
Updated:
2011-05-31 19:23:33
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Vital Signs
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Exam Material
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  1. Which of the following is the primary source of heat in the human body?
    A. Metabolism
    B. Hormones
    C. Sympathetic Neurotransmitters
    D. Hypothalamus
    Metabolism
  2. Which of the following is the primary mechanism or site of heat loss?
    A. Contraction of pilomotor muscles of the skin
    B. Warming and humidifying of inspired air
    C. Skin Surface
    D. Urine and feces
    Skin Surface
  3. Which of the following conditions occurs when an adult has a pulse rate of 100 to 180 beats/minute?
    A. Bradycardia
    B. Arrhythmia
    C. Pulse Amplitude
    D. Tachycardia
    Tachycardia
  4. Which of the following statemtnes concerning respiratory rates is accurate?
    A. Infants and young children havea lower resp. rate than adults.
    B. Healthy adults breathe about 12 to 20 times per minute.
    C. The resp. rate decreases in response to the increased metabolic rate during pyrexia.
    D. An increase in intracranial pressures stimulates the resp. center and increases the resp. rate.
    Healthy adults breathe about 12 to 20 times per minute.
  5. Which of the following statistucs regarding BP is accurate?
    A. BP decreases after eating.
    B. BP tends to be lower in a prone/supine position than in a seated or standing position.
    C. Men usually have lower BP than women of the same age.
    D. BP is usually highest on arising in the morning.
    B. BP tends to be lower in a prone/supine position than in a seated or standing position.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. The average normal temp. in degrees F for well adults in the rectal is which of the following?
    A. 94.0
    B. 97.6
    C. 98.6
    D. 99.5
    99.5
  7. Which of the following conditions tends to lower BP?
    A. High viscosity of the blood
    B. Low blood volume
    C. Decreased elasticty of walls of arterioles
    D. Strong pumping action of blood into the arteries.
    Low Blood Volume
  8. After taking vital signs, you write down your findings as T=98.6, P=66, R=18, BP=124/82. Which of these numbers represents the systolic BP?
    A. 98.6
    B. 124
    C. 82
    D. 66
    124

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