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  1. Standard step size
    24 inches
  2. Cadence (rate of marching)
    100 to 120 steps per minute
  3. Adjutant's cadence (pace)
    140 steps per minute
  4. Center
    • For an odd number: the center person
    • For an even number: the right-center person
  5. Cover
    Alignment front and back
  6. Distance
    • Space from front to rear
    • Should be 40 inches in a formation
  7. Double time
    • 180 steps per minute
    • 30 inch steps
  8. Dress
    Alignment side to side
  9. Guide
    Person designated to regulate direction and rate of march
  10. Column formation
    Element leaders at head of formation
  11. Line formation
    Element leaders at right of formation
  12. Interval
    • Space from side to side
    • Normal interval is an arm's length
    • Close interval is 4 inches
  13. Inverted column
    Element leaders to rear of formation
  14. Inverted line
    Element leaders to left of the formation
  15. Mark time
    Marching in place at 100-120 steps per minute
  16. Pace
    A step of 24 inches
  17. Post
    The correct place for a person to stand while information
  18. Quick time
    Normal cadence (100-120 steps per minute)
  19. Rank
    Single line of persons placed side by side
  20. Step-by-step procedures to teach drill movements
    • 1. state the name of the movement and its purpose
    • 2. demonstrate the movement using proper cadence and command
    • 3. explain and demonstrate in detail
    • 4. ask questions on the movement and re-demonstrate as necessary
    • 5. have the formation perform the movement and make on-the-spot corrections
    • 6. critique performance of the movement and review important areas before moving on
  21. By the numbers
    • Used to teach multi-count movements one count at a time
    • All subsequent numbers are executed by the numbers until the command "without the numbers" is given
  22. Preparatory command
    Explains what the movement will be
  23. Command of execution
    Explains when the movement will be carried out
  24. Commands without a preparatory command
    Fall in, at ease, rest, fall out, cover
  25. Supplementary commands (a.k.a "echo")
    Used when executing movements at different times (e.g. continue the march, and stand fast)
  26. Informational commands
    Have no preparatory command or command of execution (e.g. "give your squadrons parade rest")
  27. Rules for commands
    • 1. Given at position of attention or in step with the formation while marching
    • 2. Commander faces troops when giving commands (except when part of a larger drill unit like a squadron)
    • 3. Subordinate commanders (i.e. a FLT/CC in a SQ formation) give supplementary commands over the right shoulder between the preparatory command and command of execution
    • 4. Use the command AS YOU WERE to revoke a preparatory command
    • 5. Command cannot be revoked after the command of execution is given
    • 6. If a command is improperly given, the unit executes the movement to the best of their ability
    • 7. FLT/CC may add their flight letter to preparatory commands
    • 8. Preparatory command and command of execution must be given as the heel of the appropriate foot strikes the ground
  28. Command voice characteristics
    • 1. Loudness - volume in command, adjusted for size of formation
    • 2. Projection - ability of voice to reach furthest person in formation
    • 3. Distinctness - correct use of tongue, lips, and teeth to enunciate words
    • 4. Inflection - change in pitch of the voice, preparatory commands have "rising inflection"
    • 5. Snap - extra quality that demands immediate response and expresses confidence and decisiveness
  29. Counting cadence
  30. Position of attention
    • Heels together at 45-degree angle
    • Back arched and shoulders square
    • Hands cupped with thumbs along seams of trousers
    • Only movements you can make at the position of attention: blink, breathe swallow
  31. Parade rest
    • Heels 12 inches apart
    • Right hand over left hand with right thumb over left thumb in an "X"
    • Fingers extended and pointing towards the ground
  32. Present arms
    • Thumb along forefingers
    • Palm flat so that there is a straight line between the fingertips and the elbow
    • Palm tilted slightly towards face
    • Upper arm parallel to ground and slightly forward of body
    • Middle finger touches front right of cover, glasses, or eyebrow
  33. Eyes right
    • Called on right foot
    • 3 counts in between preparatory and execution command
    • All except for the right flank turn heads 45 degrees right
    • Ready front is called on the left foot
  34. Arm swings
    • 6 inches to the front (front of thigh to rear of hand)
    • 3 inches to the rear (rear of thigh to front of hand)
  35. Quick time march from double time
    Must have four steps between commands
  36. Halt from double time
    • Must have four steps between commands
    • Take two more steps in double time
    • Take two more steps in quick time and then halt
  37. Only commands that can be given from double time
    Incline to the Right (left), quick time march, flight halt
  38. Mark time
    Raise balls of feet 4 inches above ground
  39. Half-step
    • 12 inch steps
    • You can halt from half step
  40. Right (left) step
    • Only used for short distances
    • Take 12 inch steps
    • To halt, the commands are given as the heels come together
  41. Change step
    • Called on right foot
    • Suspend arm swing
  42. Flanking movement
    Pivot 90 degrees while suspending arm swing
  43. Marching at ease
    Only command that can be given other than "Flight attention" is "Incline to the Right (left)"
  44. Flight sizing
    With exception of guide, element leaders, and FLT/CD, tallest individuals are to the front right
  45. Fall in
    • Centered and 3 paces from flight commander in line formation
    • Extra cadets that do not make up a whole rank fall in from the back forward
  46. Dress right
    • Arms extended parallel with ground (except individuals on the far left of the formation)
    • Heads snap 45 degrees right (except individuals on the far right of the formation)
  47. Close interval
    • "At close interval, fall in"
    • "At close interval, dress right dress" CANNOT be called from normal interval (must fall out and fall back in or call "close march")
    • "Dress right dress" CANNOT be called from close interval (must fall out and fall back in or call "extend march")
  48. Individuals leaving formation
    • In LINE formation, "Cadet Last Name, Front and Center"
    • The cadet steps back, faces the nearest flank and marches to a position one pace in front of the FLT/CC and reports as directed
    • When finished, the command is "Return to ranks" and the cadet proceeds by the same route to the position in the ranks they left
  49. Count off
    In column formation, on the command "Count Off" element leaders turn their heads right 45 degrees and count one, followed by the next rank, and so on
  50. Close (extend) march from halt
    • Third element stands fast
    • Second element takes two right (left) steps
    • First element takes four right (left) steps
  51. Close march while marching
    • Called on right foot
    • Third element goes into half step
    • Second element pivots 45 on left foot, takes one step, pivots 45 on right foot
    • First element takes 3 steps between pivots
    • Forward march must be given afterwards
  52. Extend march while marching
    • Called on left foot
    • Third element goes into half step
    • Second element pivots 45 on right foot, takes one step, pivots 45 on left foot
    • First element takes 3 steps between pivots
    • Forward march must be given afterwards
  53. Column right (left)
    • Called on right (left) foot
    • Inside element pivots 90 degrees (arms pinned)
    • Second element pivots 45, takes two steps and pivots 45 again (on second step)
    • The outside element pivots 45, takes four steps and pivots 45 again (on fourth step)
    • Guide pivots exactly as the third element leader, then executes 45 degree pivots to realign in front of the third element leader and resumes half step
    • Half step after the column movement, followed by forward march
  54. Column movements from a halt
    • Column right: element leaders take one step with the left foot and pivot
    • Column left: element leaders execute a left (or half left) face in marching
  55. Incline to the right (left)
    Only used for SLIGHT changes in direction
  56. Column of files
    • From a halt, the command is "column of files from the right (left), forward, march"
    • Leading element leader turns head 45 in direction of movement and echoes "forward"
    • Remaining elements turn head 45 in direction of movement and echo "stand fast"
    • Heads stay turned until the element leader steps off
    • Each element should be in step with the one before them
  57. Counter march (adapted for three elements)
    • Called on left foot
    • 1st element takes 4 steps, pivots right and marches across the front of the flight and pivots right again
    • 2nd element takes 2 steps, pivots right and pivots right again to march between the remainder of the 2nd element and the third element
    • 3rd element takes 3 steps, pivots left and pivots left again to march between the 1st and second elements
    • Guide executes the movement as the 3rd element leader and stays in front of the element leader
    • Cadets enter half step when they catch up to the rest of the flight, and forward march is called
  58. Counter march (halted)
    Same as when marching except everyone takes one additional step to account for stepping off with the left foot
  59. Squadron marching commands
    • SQ/CC gives preparatory command and command of execution with time for 3 steps in between commands
    • First FLT/CC repeats the preparatory command (unless it is "squadron" - then they command "flight")
    • Second FLT/CC will say "continue the march" or "stand fast" as appropriate and then execute the command in the same position as the first FLT/CC
  60. Close on leading flight
    • At the SQ/CC's command, the first FLT/CC commands "half step, march"
    • When the second flight's guide is 3 paces behind the last element of the first flight, the second FLT/CC commands "half step, march"
    • When the correct distance is obtained and both flights are at half step, the SQ/CC commands "forward march"
  61. Positioning a flight
    • May command "X Paces forward, March" for no more than 4 paces.
    • May march in line or inverted line formation for only short distances
    • May perform left or right step for short distances
  62. Forming up the squadron
    • SQ/CC commands "fall in"
    • Flights form up in line formation centered on the SQ/CC with 3 paces between flights
    • SQ/CC commands "report" and FLT/CCs salute (performing appropriate facing movements) and report "X flight all present or accounted for" or "X flight Y persons absent"
    • SQ/CC commands "right face" to get the squadron in column formation
    • SQ/CC commands "post" and FLT/CCs take their post at the front left of the flight (across from the guide)
  63. Dismissing the squadron
    • SQ/CC gives a left face to put the squadron in line formation
    • SQ/CC commands "flight commanders, post" and flight commanders post centered 3 paces in front of their flights
    • SQ/CC commands "flight commanders, take control of your flights and carry out the orders of the day" or gives another appropriate command
    • FLT/CCs salute the SQ/CC (performing appropriate facing movements) and take control of their flights using "at my command"
  64. Parts of the guidon (from the bottom up)
    • Ferrule
    • Staff
    • Pennant (not a flag)
    • Ornament (not a spade)
  65. Order guidon
    • Held in a vertical position with the ferrule on the ground touching the right shoe
    • Gripped in the right hand with a "V" formed by the thumb and fingers
    • Staff rests against the hollow of the shoulder
    • When executing order from carry, DO NOT use the left hand to slide the staff down - instead, let it slide through the right hand until it rests by the right shoe
  66. Carry guidon
    • Left hand grasps the guidon to lift it 6 inches off the ground
    • Re-grasped by right hand and the left hand cuts smartly to the left side
    • Used when performing facing movements and while marching
  67. Parade rest with guidon
    Slide right hand up the staff and extend the right arm at waist level
  68. Double time with guidon
    Carried diagonally across the body with the top to the left
  69. Present guidon or eyes right
    • On "present" or "eyes" raise guidon vertically and extend the right arm while guiding with the left hand
    • On "arms" or "right" lower the guidon parallel with the ground and cut the left arm to the left side
    • If executing eyes right, turn the head right just as the other members of the formation do
  70. Order guidon or ready front
    • On "order" or "ready" raise guidon vertically and guide with left hand
    • On "arms" or "front" lower guidon with right hand while guiding with left hand, and cut left arm to the left side"
    • If executing ready front, turn the head forward
  71. Individual salute by guidon bearer
    • Left arm moves horizontally across body with forearm, wrist and fingers straight, and palm down
    • First joint of the forefinger should touch the staff
  72. Proper respect during reveille and retreat (when not in formation)
    • At the first note of reveille or retreat, face the flag (or music if flag is not in sight) and assume the position of parade rest
    • If the flag is being raised during reveille, render a salute
    • Render a salute on the first note of the National Anthem or "To the Colors" and hold it until the last note is played
    • If in PT uniform outdoors, come to attention and place your right hand over your heart during the National Anthem or "To the Colors"
Card Set:
2011-06-01 05:44:41

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