# D&C.txt

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1. Standard step size
24 inches
100 to 120 steps per minute
140 steps per minute
4. Center
• For an odd number: the center person
• For an even number: the right-center person
5. Cover
Alignment front and back
6. Distance
• Space from front to rear
• Should be 40 inches in a formation
7. Double time
• 180 steps per minute
• 30 inch steps
8. Dress
Alignment side to side
9. Guide
Person designated to regulate direction and rate of march
10. Column formation
11. Line formation
Element leaders at right of formation
12. Interval
• Space from side to side
• Normal interval is an arm's length
• Close interval is 4 inches
13. Inverted column
Element leaders to rear of formation
14. Inverted line
Element leaders to left of the formation
15. Mark time
Marching in place at 100-120 steps per minute
16. Pace
A step of 24 inches
17. Post
The correct place for a person to stand while information
18. Quick time
Normal cadence (100-120 steps per minute)
19. Rank
Single line of persons placed side by side
20. Step-by-step procedures to teach drill movements
• 1. state the name of the movement and its purpose
• 2. demonstrate the movement using proper cadence and command
• 3. explain and demonstrate in detail
• 4. ask questions on the movement and re-demonstrate as necessary
• 5. have the formation perform the movement and make on-the-spot corrections
• 6. critique performance of the movement and review important areas before moving on
21. By the numbers
• Used to teach multi-count movements one count at a time
• All subsequent numbers are executed by the numbers until the command "without the numbers" is given
22. Preparatory command
Explains what the movement will be
23. Command of execution
Explains when the movement will be carried out
24. Commands without a preparatory command
Fall in, at ease, rest, fall out, cover
25. Supplementary commands (a.k.a "echo")
Used when executing movements at different times (e.g. continue the march, and stand fast)
26. Informational commands
27. Rules for commands
• 1. Given at position of attention or in step with the formation while marching
• 2. Commander faces troops when giving commands (except when part of a larger drill unit like a squadron)
• 3. Subordinate commanders (i.e. a FLT/CC in a SQ formation) give supplementary commands over the right shoulder between the preparatory command and command of execution
• 4. Use the command AS YOU WERE to revoke a preparatory command
• 5. Command cannot be revoked after the command of execution is given
• 6. If a command is improperly given, the unit executes the movement to the best of their ability
• 7. FLT/CC may add their flight letter to preparatory commands
• 8. Preparatory command and command of execution must be given as the heel of the appropriate foot strikes the ground
28. Command voice characteristics
• 1. Loudness - volume in command, adjusted for size of formation
• 2. Projection - ability of voice to reach furthest person in formation
• 3. Distinctness - correct use of tongue, lips, and teeth to enunciate words
• 4. Inflection - change in pitch of the voice, preparatory commands have "rising inflection"
• 5. Snap - extra quality that demands immediate response and expresses confidence and decisiveness
"HUT, TOOP, THREEP, FOURP"
30. Position of attention
• Heels together at 45-degree angle
• Back arched and shoulders square
• Hands cupped with thumbs along seams of trousers
• Only movements you can make at the position of attention: blink, breathe swallow
• Heels 12 inches apart
• Right hand over left hand with right thumb over left thumb in an "X"
• Fingers extended and pointing towards the ground
32. Present arms
• Thumb along forefingers
• Palm flat so that there is a straight line between the fingertips and the elbow
• Palm tilted slightly towards face
• Upper arm parallel to ground and slightly forward of body
• Middle finger touches front right of cover, glasses, or eyebrow
• AT NO TIME WILL A PERSON TURN THEIR UPPER BODY TO RENDER A SALUTE
33. Eyes right
• Called on right foot
• 3 counts in between preparatory and execution command
• All except for the right flank turn heads 45 degrees right
• Ready front is called on the left foot
34. Arm swings
• 6 inches to the front (front of thigh to rear of hand)
• 3 inches to the rear (rear of thigh to front of hand)
35. Quick time march from double time
Must have four steps between commands
36. Halt from double time
• Must have four steps between commands
• Take two more steps in double time
• Take two more steps in quick time and then halt
37. Only commands that can be given from double time
Incline to the Right (left), quick time march, flight halt
38. Mark time
Raise balls of feet 4 inches above ground
39. Half-step
• 12 inch steps
• You can halt from half step
40. Right (left) step
• Only used for short distances
• Take 12 inch steps
• To halt, the commands are given as the heels come together
41. Change step
• Called on right foot
• Suspend arm swing
42. Flanking movement
Pivot 90 degrees while suspending arm swing
43. Marching at ease
Only command that can be given other than "Flight attention" is "Incline to the Right (left)"
44. Flight sizing
With exception of guide, element leaders, and FLT/CD, tallest individuals are to the front right
45. Fall in
• Centered and 3 paces from flight commander in line formation
• Extra cadets that do not make up a whole rank fall in from the back forward
46. Dress right
• Arms extended parallel with ground (except individuals on the far left of the formation)
• Heads snap 45 degrees right (except individuals on the far right of the formation)
47. Close interval
• "At close interval, fall in"
• "At close interval, dress right dress" CANNOT be called from normal interval (must fall out and fall back in or call "close march")
• "Dress right dress" CANNOT be called from close interval (must fall out and fall back in or call "extend march")
48. Individuals leaving formation
• In LINE formation, "Cadet Last Name, Front and Center"
• The cadet steps back, faces the nearest flank and marches to a position one pace in front of the FLT/CC and reports as directed
• When finished, the command is "Return to ranks" and the cadet proceeds by the same route to the position in the ranks they left
49. Count off
In column formation, on the command "Count Off" element leaders turn their heads right 45 degrees and count one, followed by the next rank, and so on
50. Close (extend) march from halt
• Third element stands fast
• Second element takes two right (left) steps
• First element takes four right (left) steps
51. Close march while marching
• Called on right foot
• Third element goes into half step
• Second element pivots 45 on left foot, takes one step, pivots 45 on right foot
• First element takes 3 steps between pivots
• Forward march must be given afterwards
52. Extend march while marching
• Called on left foot
• Third element goes into half step
• Second element pivots 45 on right foot, takes one step, pivots 45 on left foot
• First element takes 3 steps between pivots
• Forward march must be given afterwards
53. Column right (left)
• Called on right (left) foot
• Inside element pivots 90 degrees (arms pinned)
• Second element pivots 45, takes two steps and pivots 45 again (on second step)
• The outside element pivots 45, takes four steps and pivots 45 again (on fourth step)
• Guide pivots exactly as the third element leader, then executes 45 degree pivots to realign in front of the third element leader and resumes half step
• Half step after the column movement, followed by forward march
54. Column movements from a halt
• Column right: element leaders take one step with the left foot and pivot
• Column left: element leaders execute a left (or half left) face in marching
55. Incline to the right (left)
Only used for SLIGHT changes in direction
56. Column of files
• From a halt, the command is "column of files from the right (left), forward, march"
• Remaining elements turn head 45 in direction of movement and echo "stand fast"
• Each element should be in step with the one before them
57. Counter march (adapted for three elements)
• Called on left foot
• 1st element takes 4 steps, pivots right and marches across the front of the flight and pivots right again
• 2nd element takes 2 steps, pivots right and pivots right again to march between the remainder of the 2nd element and the third element
• 3rd element takes 3 steps, pivots left and pivots left again to march between the 1st and second elements
• Guide executes the movement as the 3rd element leader and stays in front of the element leader
• Cadets enter half step when they catch up to the rest of the flight, and forward march is called
58. Counter march (halted)
Same as when marching except everyone takes one additional step to account for stepping off with the left foot
• SQ/CC gives preparatory command and command of execution with time for 3 steps in between commands
• First FLT/CC repeats the preparatory command (unless it is "squadron" - then they command "flight")
• Second FLT/CC will say "continue the march" or "stand fast" as appropriate and then execute the command in the same position as the first FLT/CC
• At the SQ/CC's command, the first FLT/CC commands "half step, march"
• When the second flight's guide is 3 paces behind the last element of the first flight, the second FLT/CC commands "half step, march"
• When the correct distance is obtained and both flights are at half step, the SQ/CC commands "forward march"
61. Positioning a flight
• May command "X Paces forward, March" for no more than 4 paces.
• May march in line or inverted line formation for only short distances
• May perform left or right step for short distances
• SQ/CC commands "fall in"
• Flights form up in line formation centered on the SQ/CC with 3 paces between flights
• SQ/CC commands "report" and FLT/CCs salute (performing appropriate facing movements) and report "X flight all present or accounted for" or "X flight Y persons absent"
• SQ/CC commands "right face" to get the squadron in column formation
• SQ/CC commands "post" and FLT/CCs take their post at the front left of the flight (across from the guide)
• SQ/CC gives a left face to put the squadron in line formation
• SQ/CC commands "flight commanders, post" and flight commanders post centered 3 paces in front of their flights
• SQ/CC commands "flight commanders, take control of your flights and carry out the orders of the day" or gives another appropriate command
• FLT/CCs salute the SQ/CC (performing appropriate facing movements) and take control of their flights using "at my command"
64. Parts of the guidon (from the bottom up)
• Ferrule
• Staff
• Pennant (not a flag)
65. Order guidon
• Held in a vertical position with the ferrule on the ground touching the right shoe
• Gripped in the right hand with a "V" formed by the thumb and fingers
• Staff rests against the hollow of the shoulder
• When executing order from carry, DO NOT use the left hand to slide the staff down - instead, let it slide through the right hand until it rests by the right shoe
66. Carry guidon
• Left hand grasps the guidon to lift it 6 inches off the ground
• Re-grasped by right hand and the left hand cuts smartly to the left side
• Used when performing facing movements and while marching
Slide right hand up the staff and extend the right arm at waist level
68. Double time with guidon
Carried diagonally across the body with the top to the left
69. Present guidon or eyes right
• On "present" or "eyes" raise guidon vertically and extend the right arm while guiding with the left hand
• On "arms" or "right" lower the guidon parallel with the ground and cut the left arm to the left side
• If executing eyes right, turn the head right just as the other members of the formation do
70. Order guidon or ready front
• On "order" or "ready" raise guidon vertically and guide with left hand
• On "arms" or "front" lower guidon with right hand while guiding with left hand, and cut left arm to the left side"