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Racemic epinephrine is an Epinephrine variation used for inhalation to induce bronchodilation, reduce laryngeal edema and mucus secretions.
Mechanism of Action
Stimulates both alpha and beta adrenergic receptors. B2 effects more profound. Bronchodilation.
Onset of Action
Duration: 1-3 hours
Treatment of croup (laryngotracheobronchittis).
Tachycardia, dysrhythmias. Monitor vital signs. PT may develop “rebound worsening” 30 to 60 minutes after the initial treatment or when effects subside. All children must be transported to hospital after administration.
Anxiety, Headache, Palpitations
0.25-0.75ml of a 2.25 % solution in 2.0ml NS
0.25-0.75ml of 2.25% solution in 2.0 ml NS
0.25-.075ml of 2.25%solution in 2.0 ml NS
Routes of Administration
Inhalation only (small volume nebulizer)
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