World history Review

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justjackie
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88721
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World history Review
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2011-06-01 20:15:12
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world history
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History final exam review
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  1. economic system in which there is come private property, but the means of productions are owned collectively
    socialism
  2. French term, mean's "let it be"; Adam Smith's theories justified this kind of system in which government does not interfere with the economy
    laissez faire
  3. economic system in which the goal is for countries to increase their supplies of gold and silver, which led to colonization and government control of the economy
    mercantilism
  4. time period during which countries compete to build up ever-larger stores of weapons
    arms race
  5. international collective security organization created after WWII to replace the defunct League of Nations
    United Nations
  6. term which derives from word "empire", refers to the economic, political, or cultural subjugation of one group of people to another
    imperialism
  7. Soviet policies of ____ (political openess) and perestroika (restructuring) were associated with the rule of Mikhail Gorbachev in 1980s
    glasnost
  8. Mesopatamian civilization flourished in 1325-1521, known for religion which included human sacrfice and use of chinampas for farming
    aztecs
  9. south american civilization flourished 1200-1553, known for intricate system of roads and use of terrace farming
    incan
  10. trench warfare, poison gas, and introductions o U-boats and zeppelins are most often associated with this war
    WWI
  11. policy of giving in to an aggressor in hopes that he/she will be satisfied and stop being aggressive; associated with the Munich Conference that preceded World Ward II
    appeasement
  12. According to the principle of _____. separate branches or individuals should each have control of the executive, legislative, and judicial functions of a government
    separation of powers
  13. term for mass migration of people to citiesl this happened during the Industrial Revolution, changing the nature and size of cities.
    urbanization
  14. application of the theories of evolution to society; used to justify imperialism and lack of concern for the poor
    social Darwinism
  15. the atomic bomb weapon was first used in 1945 on the japanese cities of ____ and _____ and helped end _____.
    Hiroshima ; Nagasaki ; WW2
  16. Agent orange, napalm, and guerilla warfare are most often associated with the ___
    Vietnam War
  17. a type of religious movement in which a small number of basic truths from a holy book are often interpreted out of context to justify extreme behavior
    fundamentalism
  18. policy of Japanese expansionism which the military advocated after WWI blaming Japan's economic problems on a lack of natural resources
    ultra nationalism
  19. This person said all people were born with natural rights, such as life/liberty/ and property, and government job to protect thm.
    john locke
  20. 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments sometimes called the Civil war amendments, all concerned with protecting rights of ____
    former slaves
  21. economic system advocated by Adam Smith in which prices are determined by supply and demand and there is no need for government interference with the economy
    capitalism
  22. payments made by the losing side after the was to repair damages; the germans were charged with such payments in the Treaty of Versailles
    reparations
  23. 18th-century art and literary movement which rejected reason and emphasized emotions, nature, and nationalism
    romanticism
  24. american plan for economic recovery offered to European countries after WWII; goal was to promote healthy economies in order to make communism less appealing
    marshall plan
  25. term of the glorification of the military and war; often leads to an arms race
    militarism
  26. wilson included idea of self-determination in his ____, which means that all people should be able to choose their own form of government
    self determination
  27. these workers' groups used collective bargaining or strikes to negotiate better working conditions during the industrial revolution
    labor unions
  28. this invention, perfected around 1769, represented new source of power
    steam engine
  29. the ____, completed in Egypt in 1869, shortened the route form Europe to the Indian Ocean
    Suez Canal
  30. Marx's famous book, outlines his theory of communism as a response to the many problems created by the capitalism and industrialism
    communist manifesto
  31. term for the American policy toward communism during the Cold War which was to discourage the spread of communism
    containment
  32. famous satirical poem by Rudyard Kipling about imperialism; made fun of idea that western europeans had some kind of obligation to 'help' their 'little brown brothers'
    white man's burden
  33. term for feeling of unity among people who have a common language, culture, religion, or history
    nationalism
  34. Enlightment idea shared by Hobbes, Lcoke, and Rousseau that people give up some of their liberties to the government in return for protection
    social contract
  35. four characteristics of Absolutism.
    • 1. high taxes
    • 2. reduces power of nobles
    • 3. divine right
    • 4. expansionist policies
  36. Similarity between Scientific Revolution and Enlightment.
    concentration on individuals, reason above religion, and less emphasis on religion
  37. 3 Grievances included in Declaration of Independence.
    • 1. Quartering Act
    • 2. taxation without representation
    • 3. Proclamation of 1763
  38. 4 Factors that caused Industrial Revolution to begin in England.
    • 1. population growth
    • 2. right economic conditions
    • 3. natural resources
    • 4. new technologies/skilled workers
  39. 3 Effects of the Treaty of versaille on Germany
    • 1. took away army + Navy
    • 2. reparations
    • 3. hurt economy
  40. 3 Examples of countries with Fascist regimes in 1920s-1930s
    • -Germany
    • -Italy
    • -spain
  41. 4 events that represent the policy of containment
    • 1. Marshall plan
    • 2. korean war
    • 3. Bay of pigs
    • 4.cuban missle crisis
    • 5. vietnam war
  42. helped Nelson Madela end apartheid-a type of racial injustice- in south africa
    Tutu
  43. perfected steam engine during Industrial revolution
    James Watt
  44. like columbus, explored during chinese ming dynasty to establish trade in europe
    Zheng he
  45. made discovery of atoms, which eventually led to atomic bombs
    Marie Curie
  46. came up with "Fourteen Points" and an advocate of self-determination
    Woodrow wilson
  47. wrote "Candide"
    Voltaire
  48. led chinese march to escape Guomindong
    Mao Zedong
  49. originated the theory of utilitarianism
    Jeremy Bentham
  50. believed Governments should be limited because though people born good, society corrupts them
    Rousseu
  51. thought of the "Master Race"
    Hitler
  52. idea that people born bad
    Hobbes
  53. wrote the Communist Manifesto; it talked about how to to overthrow the bourgeoisie along with other members of the proletariat
    Karl Marx
  54. beheaded people during the radical phase of the French Revolution
    Robespierre
  55. created Five- Year Plan, to have USSR produce lots of industrial stuff
    Stalin
  56. want to free poland from evil cluthes of Soviets
    Pope John Paul II
  57. believed in divine right to rule, but crown taken away by robespierre
    king louis XVI
  58. believed natural rights should be fought for
    john locke
  59. wrote wealth of nations
    adam smith

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