Card Set Information
political science elections
pols test 1
When and what gave women get the right to vote?
19th amendment, in 1920
Carrington v Rash decision did what in TX?
invalidated a TX law that prohibited any member of the Armed Forces of the US the right to vote
What is the voting eligibility today in TX?
-18 yrs of age or older
-a US citizen
-not determined mentally incompetent by court
-not a convincted felon unless sentence completed or pardoned
-be a resident of the county in which application for registration is made
-register at least 30 days prior to the election
informed citizen participation?
-Kaufman county example
: 2 people showed up at election and approved a $340 million bond proposal
-citizens who did not vote were outraged but had no one to blame but themselves
-successful democracy depends on informed citizen participation from ALL OF US!
How many do not vote?
1980- 74,000,000 didn't vote
1988- 90,000,000 didn't vote
-lowest since 1924 election of calvin coolidge... has been much lower
: 1996- 49% voter turnout
-2000- over 100,000,000
TX voter turnout:
12.2% 9/ 03
9% 2001... 4.7% in Tarrant County and 7% statewide 1999
6.9% state voter turnout 1997
What rank was the U.S. in the percentage of voting age citizens who actually cast a ballot in their country's elections in 2007?
139th out of 172 nations
Why do so many not vote?
- too many are poorly educated regarding why participation is so important.
- too many feel alienated b/c they believe gov't does not address their concerns
- too many are discouraged from participation due to structural obstacles.
Voter registration reforms: poor turnout
Mail in voter registration:
- TX and some other states do this
voter registration reforms: high turnout
-election day registration
: Maine, Minnesota, Winsconsin &
(only vote by mail)
-no registration at all
: North Dakota
TX election primaries
A. party screens its candidates & selects its nominees
B. "Dual primaries" in TX conducted from 7AM-7PM
1st primary held
1st tuesday in March of even years
- majority wins or 2 highest vote earners advance to run-off => 2nd primary
-Majority must win to avoid runoff in
-win by plurality in
TX primary run-off election:
- 2nd primary held
1st Tuesday in April of even years.
- 2 candidates in race; majority win.
- Winners advance to
November general election
to compete against nominees of all other political parties
-win by majority or if no majority winner then by
Voter forgot registration? What forms of ID are accepted at poll?
the "Help America vote Act 2002" allows:
- DL or a personal ID issued by DPS or a similar doc from another state
- ID w/ photo, birth certificate, U.S. citizenship papers, a passport
- official mail addressed to the person by name from a gov't agency
- current copy of a utility bill, bank statement, a gov't check, a paycheck or other governmental doc that shows the name and address of the voter
- any other form of ID prescribed by the Secretary of State
The "Provisional Ballot": What happens when voter doesn't bring proper registration card & isn't on voter roll?
1. Voter shows ID, signs affidavit verifying info. Put in envelope.
2. Voter casts ballot, placed in separate envelope. Provisional ballot & affidavit placed in larger envelope.
3. voter registrar collects provisional ballots & verifies whether came from eligible voters.
4. eligible provisional ballots forwarded to ballot board & counted.
5. Registrar & ballot board authenticate whithin one week.
6. Counties must provide people whose votes not counted an explanation why.
7. Canvassing of the election done no earlier than 8th day and no later than the 11th day after Election Day.
A. No party purity law in TX like in other states
B. Crossover voting
: good motive... voter seeks best candidate regardless of party
C. raiding voting
: Darth vader motive... voter seeks worst candidate easiest for home party candidate to beat!
closed and open primary:
open- all parties' candidates are in one ballot
-closed- voting limited to party membership only