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1. abacus
n 주판

• abacus:calculation::balance:weighing
• abacus:calculator:quill:pen
• A가 B의 종류

• balance=저울
• quill=깃털달린펜
• weighing=경중을비교하다
2. balance
n 저울

• abacus:calculation::balance:weighing
• abacus:calculator:quill:pen
• A가 B의 종류

• balance=저울
• quill=깃털달린펜
• weighing=경중을비교하다
3. quill
n 깃털달린펜

• abacus:calculation::balance:weighing
• abacus:calculator:quill:pen
• A가 B의 종류

• balance=저울
• quill=깃털달린펜
• weighing=경중을비교하다
4. abate
• v 줄이다
• <>intensify, promote, increase intensity, augment, amplify, heighten

heighten=강화시키다
5. heighten
강화시키다
6. augmentation
v 늘리다 증대하다

<>abatement, diminution, reduction

• diminution<-diminish
• reduction<-reduce
7. thin
v 밀도를 낮추다

deflate:buoyancy::neutralize:effectiveness::rarefy, thin:density
8. slacken
v 완화하다

slacken:tautness::shrink:size::thin:density::constrict:diameter
9. constrict
v 조이다

slacken:tautness::shrink:size::thin:density::constrict:diameter
10. ossify(2)
• v1 골화하다
• v2 보수적이다

ossify:flexibility::depreciate:value::detoxify:poison
v 옅어지다 (강도, 색깔)

12. condense
v 길이를 줄이다

abridge(truncate, abbreviate, shorten, curtail, condense):length
13. dejection
n 낙담

hearthen:dejection::blunt:sharpness::dim:light::dispirit:morale
14. dim
희미해지다

hearthen:dejection::blunt:sharpness::dim:light::dispirit:morale

cf ) din = 소음
15. din
소음

• dim = 희미해지다
• hearthen:dejection::blunt:sharpness::dim:light::dispirit:morale
16. descend
17. demote

18. palliation
n 경감, 일시적완화

<>intensity
19. abet
• v 돕다
• approve, encourage, urge, incite

abet:encouragement

abet:aid::counsel:guidance
20. foster
foster(기르다, 돕다, help, grow)

<> hinder
21. prompt
• 즉시의
• (<>tardy)

• v 신속하게괴게만들다->촉진시키다
• <>retard
• 속도를느리게해서방해하다
22. further
• 촉구시키다
• <>inhibit 금지시키다
23. impede
지연시키다, 방해하다

<>speed
24. abject(3)
• 끔찍한 / 비굴한 / 경멸할만한
• abject(gloomy, dismal)
• <>spirited 활기찬, 깨어있는 (vigorous, energetic)

abjectness<>majesty(power, splendor)
25. modest
절제, 겸손, simple

<>majestic
26. pinnacle
정점, 절정

• crown:pinnacle
• 동의, 종류
27. petty
하찮은

• contemptible:respect::petty:notice
• A는 B할만하지 않은
28. abounding
• =abundant
• (v) abound

<>scarce, scant, bare
29. teem
v 충분하다, 풍부하다

<>be scarce ***
30. rife
a 가득찬

scarce, scant <> rife, considerable
31. considerable(2)
• 1 중요하다
• 2 상당한(양이 많은)

scarce, scant <> rife, considerable
32. copious
=abundant
33. amplitude
• 충분한
• <>meagerness **
34. dredge
흙을 치다

fill in <> dredge, excavate
35. excavate
굴착하다

fill in <> dredge, excavate
36. spate
= sudden flood

spate of sth = 갑자기 쏟아져 나오다
37. acquiesce
• 묵묵히 따르다
• <>take issue
38. salute
거수경례하다

• nod:assent::salute:respect(deference)
• A는 B의 표현
39. obeisance
공손한

obeisance:esteem::embrace:affection(애정)
40. defer
• -할만한 대상
41. accost
끈질기게 접근하다

• accost:approach::importune:request/beg
42. importune
끈질기게 졸라대다

• accost:approach::importune:request/beg
끈질기게 괴롭히다

• accost:approach::importune:request/beg
44. belabor
한말을 또하고 또하는 스타일

• accost:approach::importune:request/beg
45. heckle
• (tackle~~건다~~)
• <>support verbally
46. mendicant
거지

mendicant:beg
47. acquittal
무죄입증

• defend:exonerate::pursue:capture
• B하려고 A하다
• (B가 A의 목적)

charge=고소하다
48. gawky
• 무능한(awkward~~연상~)
• <>inept

• deft:awkward::unruly:tractability
• A는 B가 없다

inept<>competence
50. fumble
v 서투르게하다

• A=B

• mutter, mumble, murmur
• 우물우물하다
51. bungle
• v 서투르게하다(어벙~~글)
• <>carry out, bring off
52. bring off
잘 수행하다

<>bungle
53. dissembler
n 속이는 사람

• dissembler:veracity::bungler:agility/grace
• without관계
v 가리다

55. sketch
describe at length
56. disclosure
<>concealment
57. scour
v 빡빡지우다

• scour:wash
• degree관계
상대방

• ally 동맹
• 반대관계

• (적대적인)
59. foe
• <>confederate
• (동맹국, 동맹자)
• (같이~동맹~~)

federal goverment 연맹~
60. caretaker
감정적지지자

caretaker<>opposer
• 출현 (역사적으로중요한출현)
• <>departing, departure, disapperance, going (떠남, 사라짐)

near antonym:dissipation, dissolution, evaporation, fading, melting, passing**, vannishing, clearing out, exiting, leaving

bellwether=양의리더
63. aesthete
• 미학자
• <>vulgarian (tastelss)
• (vulgar=무례한, 저속한)
64. sentinel
파수꾼

• epicure:discriminating::sentinel:watchful특성
65. affix
• 첨부하다, 붙이다
• <>detach
66. footloose
• footloose:attachment::unversed:familiarity
• A는 B가 없다

• footloose=having no attachment (메인데없는)
• versed=정통한
• unversed=정통하지않은
67. nail
v 붙이다, 못박다

nail=affix
68. annex
n 부가물, 첨가물

• annex:redundant
• A는 B의 특성
69. diffuse
a 장황한

• aphorism:diffuse::ambiquity:intelligible
• A는 B가 없는

intelligible=이해하기쉬운
책의 부록

• B는 A의 부록
• postscript=PS 편지에서의 추신
71. prim
<>unbuttoned
72. affront
• v 기분나쁘게하다

• affront:offense
• v:n 관계

• churlish:affront::formidable:intimidate
• do관계 (자자)

• discourteous:offend
• (sb - imposing:daunt)
73. aggregate
• v 모이다
• synthesize, concatenate, weld, meld, commingle, merge, unify

<>split apart, break apart

disaggregated<>amalgamated, integrated, agglutinated
74. concatenate
사슬처럼연결하다
75. agglutinated
접합한

disaggregated<>amalgamated, integrated, agglutinated
76. weld
합치다

sew:fabric::weld:metal
77. meld
합치다
78. tacky
끈적끈적한

79. orient
지향하게하다, 특정목적에맞추다, 자기위치를알다

80. zoning
• 구역을 나누다
• <>amalgamation, conbination

fund:allocation::land:zoning
81. cohesive
응집성의, 붙이는, 논리적으로맞는

cohesive<>disintegration
82. scission
• 절단, 분리
• <>unification
83. synthesis
• 종합
• <>analysis

• synthesis and analysis
• 종합과 분석
84. consolidation
• 합쳐서 더 강화되다
• <>dissolution
85. schism
분리, 분열

schism:consensus::expedition:foot-dragging
86. leisureliness
• 천천히 한가롭게
• <>expedition
87. aggrieve
• 고통을주다
• distress, afflict
• <>please, gratify / conciliate, comfort

• parity:equality::aggrievement:injury
• (고통받는상테)
• =관계
88. aghast
• 쇼크를받은 (어그~허어~스트)
• (*ghastly=shocking)
• <>undismayed

• composure<>consternation (충격)
• dismayed<>heartened (격려받은상태)
89. ghastly
shocking
90. consternation
• 충격, 실망
• <>composure
91. repose
• v n 평온, 휴식
• <>agitate

• agitate(agitation):composure, equanimity::jar:tranquiility
• A는 B가 없는 관계

• jar:unsettled::puncture:deflated
• 상태
92. equanimity
침착, 평정

agitate(agitation):composure, equanimity::jar:tranquiility
93. aloof
• 동떨어진(거리, 마음)
• <>gregarious, intimate, close

• sluggish:torpor::aloof:reserve
• 특성

• convivial:aloof:: without관계
• conviviality(쾌활함):sociability with관계

approachable:friendly
94. bachelor
독신남성, 학사학위

bach<>married man, live together
95. agape
• 입을 딱 멍하게 벌리고
• (기독교무조건적인 사랑의 뜻이 아님)
• a gap(공간이있음) e
• <>close
96. amend
고치다

• amend:content::remold:shape
• 특성
• incorrigible:amend(reform)::insatiable:satisfy/slake
• A는 B가 불가능
• incorrigible:reformed::intractable:led::indefatigable:tired
• 반대관계
모범적인, 전형의

• 특성
98. indefatigable
• 지치지않는
• (inde) fatigable

• incorrigible:reformed::intractable:led::indefatigable:tired
• 반대관계
교정보다

• A는 B를 check/correct한다
• A는 B가 목적
100. ameliorate
개선시키다

• <>aggravate, make less pleasant
• (sb - make less blend)
101. anachronistic
• 시대착오적인
• <>historically proper, appropriate
102. annul
• 무효화하다
• <>ratify, validate, legalize, enact, make it legal

• null:validity
• w/o관계
• nullification<>validation
103. nugatory
무가치한

• nugatory:worth (significance)
• w/o관계
• nugatory<>consequential
104. defeasible
• 무효화시킬수있는
• <>effective

• indefeasble=무효화시킬수없는
• feasible은 possible이지만 defeasible은 달라
105. candidacy
후보자

rescind:law::withdraw:candidacy
106. antecedent
• n 선조, 조상
• a 전례의

<>descendant, posterity, following, subsequent, ensuing
107. descendant
<>predecessor
108. precede
<> ensue
109. sequel
<> prelude(전주) / precursor(징조)
110. ensuing
following
111. antithetic***
a 정반대의

<>same, corrresponding, congruent
112. incongruous
<>congruent
113. drench
흠뻑적시다

drenched:wet::antithetic:differnt**
114. repartee
재치있는응수

correspondence:letter::repartee:retort
115. retort
응수하다

correspondence:letter::repartee:retort
116. apothecary
약제상

apothecary:medicine::butcher:meat
117. offal
고기찌꺼기

butcher:offal::smelt:dross
118. smelt
제련하다

butcher:offal::smelt:dross
119. dross
금속찌꺼기

butcher:offal::smelt:dross
120. lariat
카우보이들이쓰는도구 동그라미 모양

lariat:wrangler::crook:shepherd
121. wrangler
• 카우보이
• cowboy

lariat:wrangler::crook:shepherd
122. crook
양치는도구

lariat:wrangler::crook:shepherd
123. shepherd
양치기

lariat:wrangler::crook:shepherd
• 판결을 내리다
125. appeal
매력, 간청, 항소

parliament:legislate::court:appeal

appealing<>noisome(불쾌감일으키는)

• charismatic:appeal
• A with B
126. panache
• 모자옆깃털
• -> 화려한, 과시하는 (!=건방진)

• <>lack of flair
• flair=차별화되는스타일
127. appellation
직함

foreword:introductory::appellation:designative

preamble<>epilogue, finale, peroration
128. peroration
마무리부분, 장황한 연설

preamble<>epilogue, finale, peroration
129. apprise
통지하다

• A는 B주다

• appraise/appraisal:value::plumb:depth
• A는 B 평가하다
130. reprehensible
비난 할 만한

• approbation:reprehensible::censure:blameless
• B에게 A를 줄만하지 않은
131. mirth
joy, 웃는기쁨

• approval:applause::mirth:laugh
• B는 A를 표현
132. plaudit
• 박수갈채
• (laud=칭찬하다)

plaudit<>unfavorable criticism, disapprobation
133. ardent
심하게 열정적인

• <>indifferent, apathetic
• (<>avid, agog)

• ardent:zeal::ascetic:self-denial::egoism:self-importance
• A=B (degree아님)
• 열정이없는
• <>avid, agog
135. tepid
• 뜨뜻미지근한
• <>avid, agog
136. agog
• 열정적인
• =avid

137. arduous
• 고된, 힘든
• =grueling, onerous, taxing
• <>easy, not exhausting, not burdensome, effortless, facile
138. grueling***
• 고된
• <>challenging

• grove=작은숲
• groove=줄, 골
• grovel=기다
• gravel=자갈떼
• gavel=의사봉
• grueling=고된
139. serendipitous
뜻밖의즐거움

• serendipitous:effort::ineluctable:chance
• A는 without B

• ineluctable=필연의, 피할수없는
• chance=unexpected happening
140. arrest
capture / stop, check

<>release / start, vitalize, stimulate
141. ascendency
ascendancy
상승, 유세 -> 영향력크다

<>no inffluence, no power, lack of influence, nonentity

ascendant<>having no influence, declining
142. nonentity
• 존재감없는, 중요하지않은사람
• <>luminary, famous, celebrity

novice:experience::nonentity:consequence

consequence=결과, 중요함
143. ascetic
금욕의

• asceticism<>hedonism, debauchery
• hedonism=쾌락주의
• debauchery=방탕, 무절제
144. debauchery
방탕, 무절제

asceticism<>hedonism, debauchery

hedonism=쾌락주의
145. appetite
glutton:appetite::zealot:passion::miser:thrift
146. acolyte
(신부님) 조수

glutton:gobble::acolyte:assist
147. teetotalism
절대금주

teetotalism<>intemperance (폭음, 무절제)
148. debris
• 잔해
• ash:burn::debris:destroy

• 잔여물
• remnant, residue, residual, relict, remainder
149. asunder
• a 나누어진상태
• sunder=나누다

<>yoking, tethering, in a part, united, conjoined
150. in a part
한 무리로

<>asunder
151. rip
찢다, 째다

sunder, rip <> meld
152. dawdle
꾸물거리다, 어정거리다

• <>tear
• 찢다, 빨리 움직이다
153. tear
찢다, 빨리 움직이다

<>dawdle 꾸물거리다, 어정거리다
154. implode
폭파하여 붕괴하다

• sunder:divide::implode:collapse
• (A는 with force 관계)
155. scrap
조각조각내다

<>retrieve (되찾아오다, 복구하다)
156. atrophy
• 쇠퇴
• <>growth, development

thrive<>wizen<>bloom

wizen=시들다, 시들게하다
157. wizen
시들다, 시들게하다

thrive<>wizen<>bloom
158. grapevine
소문 (포도덩굴)

<>official news
159. avarice
• 탐욕
• <>generosity, sobriety
• generosity=후함
• sobriety=절제

• avaricious:covet
• A는 B를하다

cupidity=탐욕
160. cupidity
탐욕
161. craving
심한 열망
162. penchant
애호

penchant, predirection, disposition, appetite, proclivity, propensity, rendency, inclinzation
163. odium
• 불명예, 혐오
• <>honor
164. hankering
hanker= want sth very badly & persistently

hankering<>aversion, without desire
165. disposition
성품, 성향

• weather:climate::mood:disposition
• (in a particular way)

(precipice(벼랑):cliff는 오답!)
166. awning
차양

awning:sun::umbrella:rain

canopy:cover
167. banister
(안전장치)난간

• (ac-fence:garden XX안전장치XX)

• staircase:floor::breezeway:building
• A는 B를 연결하는
• breezeway=옥외통로(건물사이연결)
168. breezeway
breezeway=옥외통로(건물사이연결)

• staircase:floor::breezeway:building
• A는 B를 연결하는
169. drizzle
보슬보슬내리다

breeze:wind::drizzle:rain
170. natatorium
(실내)풀장

natatorium<>outdoor pool
171. barb
• 비난
• cutting remark

<>complimentary remark

• barb:caustic, mordant
• 특성
172. barbarous
문명화X, 무례한

<>civilized, sophiscated

• barbarian:brutality
• 특성

• brute:urbane::elucidation:enigmatic
• elucidation=설명
173. bauble
• 빛좋은개살구
• small, showy ornament of little value

<>valuable thing
174. bedeck
• 장식하다 꾸미다
• be deck(데코레이션~~)

<>strip (장식을벗겨내다)

175. rococo
<>umembellished
176. stoke
• stoke:fuel::irrigate:water::garnish:decoration
꾸미기 장식

• beauty를 강화시키는 것
178. befriend
make friend with

ignorant, shun<>welcome, seek, haunt
179. fraternize
(적의 관계인데) 친구가 되다

<> 교류X
180. estrangement
소원

• <>rapprochement (화해, 관계회복 O)
• <>familiarity (친근함 O)
• <>familiarization(친숙, 익숙, 정통 X)
181. rapprochement
화해, 관계회복
182. rapport
• 친하게지냄
• (re approach 연상~~~)

<>discord
183. hobnob
친하게지내다

<>estrange, alienate