k_advanced_1_7

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jhmly
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88748
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k_advanced_1_7
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2011-06-06 10:52:31
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  1. abacus
    n 주판

    • abacus:calculation::balance:weighing
    • abacus:calculator:quill:pen
    • A가 B의 종류

    • balance=저울
    • quill=깃털달린펜
    • weighing=경중을비교하다
  2. balance
    n 저울

    • abacus:calculation::balance:weighing
    • abacus:calculator:quill:pen
    • A가 B의 종류

    • balance=저울
    • quill=깃털달린펜
    • weighing=경중을비교하다
  3. quill
    n 깃털달린펜

    • abacus:calculation::balance:weighing
    • abacus:calculator:quill:pen
    • A가 B의 종류

    • balance=저울
    • quill=깃털달린펜
    • weighing=경중을비교하다
  4. abate
    • v 줄이다
    • <>intensify, promote, increase intensity, augment, amplify, heighten

    heighten=강화시키다
  5. heighten
    강화시키다
  6. augmentation
    v 늘리다 증대하다

    <>abatement, diminution, reduction

    • diminution<-diminish
    • reduction<-reduce
  7. thin
    v 밀도를 낮추다

    deflate:buoyancy::neutralize:effectiveness::rarefy, thin:density
  8. slacken
    v 완화하다

    slacken:tautness::shrink:size::thin:density::constrict:diameter
  9. constrict
    v 조이다

    slacken:tautness::shrink:size::thin:density::constrict:diameter
  10. ossify(2)
    • v1 골화하다
    • v2 보수적이다

    ossify:flexibility::depreciate:value::detoxify:poison
  11. fade
    v 옅어지다 (강도, 색깔)

    discount:price::fade:loudness::differentiate:simplicity
  12. condense
    v 길이를 줄이다

    abridge(truncate, abbreviate, shorten, curtail, condense):length
  13. dejection
    n 낙담

    hearthen:dejection::blunt:sharpness::dim:light::dispirit:morale
  14. dim
    희미해지다

    hearthen:dejection::blunt:sharpness::dim:light::dispirit:morale

    cf ) din = 소음
  15. din
    소음

    • dim = 희미해지다
    • hearthen:dejection::blunt:sharpness::dim:light::dispirit:morale
  16. descend
    downgrade:quality::descend:altitude::demote:rank
  17. demote
    downgrade:quality::descend:altitude::demote:rank

    demotion<> raise, support, upgrade
  18. palliation
    n 경감, 일시적완화

    <>intensity
  19. abet
    • v 돕다
    • approve, encourage, urge, incite

    abet:encouragement

    abet:aid::counsel:guidance
  20. foster
    foster(기르다, 돕다, help, grow)

    <> hinder
  21. prompt
    • 즉시의
    • (<>tardy)

    • v 신속하게괴게만들다->촉진시키다
    • <>retard
    • 속도를느리게해서방해하다
  22. further
    • 촉구시키다
    • <>inhibit 금지시키다
  23. impede
    지연시키다, 방해하다

    <>speed
  24. abject(3)
    • 끔찍한 / 비굴한 / 경멸할만한
    • abject(gloomy, dismal)
    • <>spirited 활기찬, 깨어있는 (vigorous, energetic)

    abjectness<>majesty(power, splendor)
  25. modest
    절제, 겸손, simple

    <>majestic
  26. pinnacle
    정점, 절정

    • crown:pinnacle
    • 동의, 종류
  27. petty
    하찮은

    • contemptible:respect::petty:notice
    • A는 B할만하지 않은
  28. abounding
    • =abundant
    • (v) abound

    <>scarce, scant, bare
  29. teem
    v 충분하다, 풍부하다

    <>be scarce ***
  30. rife
    a 가득찬

    scarce, scant <> rife, considerable
  31. considerable(2)
    • 1 중요하다
    • 2 상당한(양이 많은)

    scarce, scant <> rife, considerable
  32. copious
    =abundant
  33. amplitude
    • 충분한
    • <>meagerness **
  34. dredge
    흙을 치다

    fill in <> dredge, excavate
  35. excavate
    굴착하다

    fill in <> dredge, excavate
  36. spate
    = sudden flood

    spate of sth = 갑자기 쏟아져 나오다
  37. acquiesce
    • 묵묵히 따르다
    • <>take issue
  38. salute
    거수경례하다

    • nod:assent::salute:respect(deference)
    • A는 B의 표현
  39. obeisance
    공손한

    obeisance:esteem::embrace:affection(애정)
  40. defer
    • defer:leader::admire:hero
    • -할만한 대상
  41. accost
    끈질기게 접근하다

    • accost:approach::importune:request/beg
    • badger:bother::belabor:mention
  42. importune
    끈질기게 졸라대다

    • accost:approach::importune:request/beg
    • badger:bother::belabor:mention
  43. badger
    끈질기게 괴롭히다

    • accost:approach::importune:request/beg
    • badger:bother::belabor:mention
  44. belabor
    한말을 또하고 또하는 스타일

    • accost:approach::importune:request/beg
    • badger:bother::belabor:mention
  45. heckle
    • (tackle~~건다~~)
    • (interrupt, disconcert, badger)
    • <>support verbally
  46. mendicant
    거지

    mendicant:beg
  47. acquittal
    무죄입증

    • defend:exonerate::pursue:capture
    • B하려고 A하다
    • (B가 A의 목적)

    charge=고소하다
  48. gawky
    • 무능한(awkward~~연상~)
    • <>adept
  49. adept
    • adroit, deft, dexterous, handy
    • <>inept

    • deft:awkward::unruly:tractability
    • A는 B가 없다

    inept<>competence
  50. fumble
    v 서투르게하다

    • fumble:maladroit
    • A=B

    • mutter, mumble, murmur
    • 우물우물하다
  51. bungle
    • v 서투르게하다(어벙~~글)
    • <>carry out, bring off
  52. bring off
    잘 수행하다

    <>bungle
  53. dissembler
    n 속이는 사람

    • dissembler:veracity::bungler:agility/grace
    • without관계
  54. adumbrate
    v 가리다

    adumbration<>revelation (reveal)
  55. sketch
    describe at length
  56. disclosure
    <>concealment
  57. scour
    v 빡빡지우다

    • scour:wash
    • degree관계
  58. adversary
    상대방

    • ally 동맹
    • affluence:penury::adversary:alliance
    • 반대관계

    • adversarial<>friendly, cooperative
    • (적대적인)
  59. foe
    • <>confederate
    • (동맹국, 동맹자)
    • (같이~동맹~~)

    federal goverment 연맹~
  60. caretaker
    감정적지지자

    caretaker<>opposer
  61. advent
    • 출현 (역사적으로중요한출현)
    • <>departing, departure, disapperance, going (떠남, 사라짐)

    near antonym:dissipation, dissolution, evaporation, fading, melting, passing**, vannishing, clearing out, exiting, leaving
  62. adviser
    adviser:guidance::bellwether:leadership

    bellwether=양의리더
  63. aesthete
    • 미학자
    • <>vulgarian (tastelss)
    • (vulgar=무례한, 저속한)
  64. sentinel
    파수꾼

    • epicure:discriminating::sentinel:watchful특성
  65. affix
    • 첨부하다, 붙이다
    • <>detach
  66. footloose
    • footloose:attachment::unversed:familiarity
    • A는 B가 없다

    • footloose=having no attachment (메인데없는)
    • versed=정통한
    • unversed=정통하지않은
  67. nail
    v 붙이다, 못박다

    nail=affix
  68. annex
    n 부가물, 첨가물

    • annex:redundant
    • A는 B의 특성
  69. diffuse
    a 장황한

    • aphorism:diffuse::ambiquity:intelligible
    • A는 B가 없는

    intelligible=이해하기쉬운
  70. addendum
    책의 부록

    • document:addendum::letter:postscript
    • B는 A의 부록
    • postscript=PS 편지에서의 추신
  71. prim
    <>unbuttoned
  72. affront
    • v 기분나쁘게하다
    • <>please

    • affront:offense
    • v:n 관계

    • churlish:affront::formidable:intimidate
    • do관계 (자자)

    • discourteous:offend
    • (sb - imposing:daunt)
  73. aggregate
    • v 모이다
    • synthesize, concatenate, weld, meld, commingle, merge, unify

    <>split apart, break apart

    disaggregated<>amalgamated, integrated, agglutinated
  74. concatenate
    사슬처럼연결하다
  75. agglutinated
    접합한

    disaggregated<>amalgamated, integrated, agglutinated
  76. weld
    합치다

    sew:fabric::weld:metal
  77. meld
    합치다
  78. tacky
    끈적끈적한

    adhesive, tacky <> not viscous
  79. orient
    지향하게하다, 특정목적에맞추다, 자기위치를알다

    adhesive:bind::compass:orient
  80. zoning
    • 구역을 나누다
    • <>amalgamation, conbination

    fund:allocation::land:zoning
  81. cohesive
    응집성의, 붙이는, 논리적으로맞는

    cohesive<>disintegration
  82. scission
    • 절단, 분리
    • <>unification
  83. synthesis
    • 종합
    • <>analysis

    • synthesis and analysis
    • 종합과 분석
  84. consolidation
    • 합쳐서 더 강화되다
    • <>dissolution
  85. schism
    분리, 분열

    schism:consensus::expedition:foot-dragging
  86. leisureliness
    • 천천히 한가롭게
    • <>expedition
  87. aggrieve
    • 고통을주다
    • distress, afflict
    • <>please, gratify / conciliate, comfort

    • parity:equality::aggrievement:injury
    • (고통받는상테)
    • =관계
  88. aghast
    • 쇼크를받은 (어그~허어~스트)
    • (*ghastly=shocking)
    • <>undismayed

    • composure<>consternation (충격)
    • dismayed<>heartened (격려받은상태)
  89. ghastly
    shocking
  90. consternation
    • 충격, 실망
    • <>composure
  91. repose
    • v n 평온, 휴식
    • <>agitate

    • agitate(agitation):composure, equanimity::jar:tranquiility
    • A는 B가 없는 관계

    • jar:unsettled::puncture:deflated
    • 상태
  92. equanimity
    침착, 평정

    agitate(agitation):composure, equanimity::jar:tranquiility
  93. aloof
    • 동떨어진(거리, 마음)
    • <>gregarious, intimate, close

    • sluggish:torpor::aloof:reserve
    • 특성

    • convivial:aloof:: without관계
    • conviviality(쾌활함):sociability with관계

    approachable:friendly
  94. bachelor
    독신남성, 학사학위

    bach<>married man, live together
  95. agape
    • 입을 딱 멍하게 벌리고
    • (기독교무조건적인 사랑의 뜻이 아님)
    • a gap(공간이있음) e
    • <>close
  96. amend
    고치다

    • amend:content::remold:shape
    • amend:corrective::exemplify:paradigmatic
    • 특성
    • incorrigible:amend(reform)::insatiable:satisfy/slake
    • A는 B가 불가능
    • incorrigible:reformed::intractable:led::indefatigable:tired
    • 반대관계
  97. paradigmatic
    모범적인, 전형의

    • amend:corrective::exemplify:paradigmatic
    • 특성
  98. indefatigable
    • 지치지않는
    • (inde) fatigable

    • incorrigible:reformed::intractable:led::indefatigable:tired
    • 반대관계
  99. proofread
    교정보다

    • proofread:document::amend:article::audit:account
    • A는 B를 check/correct한다
    • proofread:correct::diagnose:treat
    • A는 B가 목적
  100. ameliorate
    개선시키다

    • <>aggravate, make less pleasant
    • (sb - make less blend)
  101. anachronistic
    • 시대착오적인
    • <>historically proper, appropriate
  102. annul
    • 무효화하다
    • <>ratify, validate, legalize, enact, make it legal

    • null:validity
    • w/o관계
    • nullification<>validation
  103. nugatory
    무가치한

    • nugatory:worth (significance)
    • w/o관계
    • nugatory<>consequential
  104. defeasible
    • 무효화시킬수있는
    • <>effective

    • indefeasble=무효화시킬수없는
    • feasible은 possible이지만 defeasible은 달라
  105. candidacy
    후보자

    rescind:law::withdraw:candidacy
  106. antecedent
    • n 선조, 조상
    • a 전례의

    <>descendant, posterity, following, subsequent, ensuing
  107. descendant
    <>predecessor
  108. precede
    <> ensue
  109. sequel
    <> prelude(전주) / precursor(징조)
  110. ensuing
    following
  111. antithetic***
    a 정반대의

    <>same, corrresponding, congruent
  112. incongruous
    <>congruent
  113. drench
    흠뻑적시다

    drenched:wet::antithetic:differnt**
  114. repartee
    재치있는응수

    correspondence:letter::repartee:retort
  115. retort
    응수하다

    correspondence:letter::repartee:retort
  116. apothecary
    약제상

    apothecary:medicine::butcher:meat
  117. offal
    고기찌꺼기

    butcher:offal::smelt:dross
  118. smelt
    제련하다

    butcher:offal::smelt:dross
  119. dross
    금속찌꺼기

    butcher:offal::smelt:dross
  120. lariat
    카우보이들이쓰는도구 동그라미 모양

    lariat:wrangler::crook:shepherd
  121. wrangler
    • 카우보이
    • cowboy

    lariat:wrangler::crook:shepherd
  122. crook
    양치는도구

    lariat:wrangler::crook:shepherd
  123. shepherd
    양치기

    lariat:wrangler::crook:shepherd
  124. adjudicate*
    • 판결을 내리다
    • learn:school::adjudicate:court
  125. appeal
    매력, 간청, 항소

    parliament:legislate::court:appeal

    appealing<>noisome(불쾌감일으키는)

    • charismatic:appeal
    • A with B
  126. panache
    • 모자옆깃털
    • -> 화려한, 과시하는 (!=건방진)

    • <>lack of flair
    • flair=차별화되는스타일
  127. appellation
    직함

    foreword:introductory::appellation:designative

    preamble<>epilogue, finale, peroration
  128. peroration
    마무리부분, 장황한 연설

    preamble<>epilogue, finale, peroration
  129. apprise
    통지하다

    • apprise:information::warn:advice
    • A는 B주다

    • appraise/appraisal:value::plumb:depth
    • A는 B 평가하다
  130. reprehensible
    비난 할 만한

    • approbation:reprehensible::censure:blameless
    • B에게 A를 줄만하지 않은
  131. mirth
    joy, 웃는기쁨

    • approval:applause::mirth:laugh
    • B는 A를 표현
  132. plaudit
    • 박수갈채
    • (laud=칭찬하다)

    plaudit<>unfavorable criticism, disapprobation
  133. ardent
    심하게 열정적인

    • <>indifferent, apathetic
    • /lackadaisical, tepid
    • (<>avid, agog)

    • ardent:zeal::ascetic:self-denial::egoism:self-importance
    • A=B (degree아님)
  134. lackadaisical
    • 열정이없는
    • <>avid, agog
  135. tepid
    • 뜨뜻미지근한
    • <>avid, agog
  136. agog
    • 열정적인
    • =avid

    <>lackadaisical, tepid
  137. arduous
    • 고된, 힘든
    • =grueling, onerous, taxing
    • <>easy, not exhausting, not burdensome, effortless, facile
  138. grueling***
    • 고된
    • <>challenging

    • grove=작은숲
    • groove=줄, 골
    • grovel=기다
    • gravel=자갈떼
    • gavel=의사봉
    • grueling=고된
  139. serendipitous
    뜻밖의즐거움

    • serendipitous:effort::ineluctable:chance
    • A는 without B

    • ineluctable=필연의, 피할수없는
    • chance=unexpected happening
  140. arrest
    capture / stop, check

    <>release / start, vitalize, stimulate
  141. ascendency
    ascendancy
    상승, 유세 -> 영향력크다

    <>no inffluence, no power, lack of influence, nonentity

    ascendant<>having no influence, declining
  142. nonentity
    • 존재감없는, 중요하지않은사람
    • <>luminary, famous, celebrity

    novice:experience::nonentity:consequence

    consequence=결과, 중요함
  143. ascetic
    금욕의

    • asceticism<>hedonism, debauchery
    • hedonism=쾌락주의
    • debauchery=방탕, 무절제
  144. debauchery
    방탕, 무절제

    asceticism<>hedonism, debauchery

    hedonism=쾌락주의
  145. appetite
    glutton:appetite::zealot:passion::miser:thrift
  146. acolyte
    (신부님) 조수

    glutton:gobble::acolyte:assist
  147. teetotalism
    절대금주

    teetotalism<>intemperance (폭음, 무절제)
  148. debris
    • 잔해
    • ash:burn::debris:destroy

    • 잔여물
    • remnant, residue, residual, relict, remainder
  149. asunder
    • a 나누어진상태
    • sunder=나누다

    <>yoking, tethering, in a part, united, conjoined
  150. in a part
    한 무리로

    <>asunder
  151. rip
    찢다, 째다

    sunder, rip <> meld
  152. dawdle
    꾸물거리다, 어정거리다

    • <>tear
    • 찢다, 빨리 움직이다
  153. tear
    찢다, 빨리 움직이다

    <>dawdle 꾸물거리다, 어정거리다
  154. implode
    폭파하여 붕괴하다

    • sunder:divide::implode:collapse
    • (A는 with force 관계)
  155. scrap
    조각조각내다

    <>retrieve (되찾아오다, 복구하다)
  156. atrophy
    • 쇠퇴
    • <>growth, development

    thrive<>wizen<>bloom

    wizen=시들다, 시들게하다
  157. wizen
    시들다, 시들게하다

    thrive<>wizen<>bloom
  158. grapevine
    소문 (포도덩굴)

    <>official news
  159. avarice
    • 탐욕
    • <>generosity, sobriety
    • generosity=후함
    • sobriety=절제

    • avaricious:covet
    • A는 B를하다

    cupidity=탐욕
  160. cupidity
    탐욕
  161. craving
    심한 열망
  162. penchant
    애호

    penchant, predirection, disposition, appetite, proclivity, propensity, rendency, inclinzation
  163. odium
    • 불명예, 혐오
    • <>honor
  164. hankering
    hanker= want sth very badly & persistently

    hankering<>aversion, without desire
  165. disposition
    성품, 성향

    • weather:climate::mood:disposition
    • (in a particular way)

    (precipice(벼랑):cliff는 오답!)
  166. awning
    차양

    awning:sun::umbrella:rain

    canopy:cover
  167. banister
    (안전장치)난간

    • banister:staircase::guardrail:road
    • (ac-fence:garden XX안전장치XX)

    • staircase:floor::breezeway:building
    • A는 B를 연결하는
    • breezeway=옥외통로(건물사이연결)
  168. breezeway
    breezeway=옥외통로(건물사이연결)

    • staircase:floor::breezeway:building
    • A는 B를 연결하는
  169. drizzle
    보슬보슬내리다

    breeze:wind::drizzle:rain
  170. natatorium
    (실내)풀장

    natatorium<>outdoor pool
  171. barb
    • 비난
    • cutting remark

    <>complimentary remark

    • barb:caustic, mordant
    • 특성
  172. barbarous
    문명화X, 무례한

    <>civilized, sophiscated

    • barbarian:brutality
    • 특성

    • brute:urbane::elucidation:enigmatic
    • elucidation=설명
  173. bauble
    • 빛좋은개살구
    • small, showy ornament of little value

    <>valuable thing
  174. bedeck
    • 장식하다 꾸미다
    • be deck(데코레이션~~)

    <>strip (장식을벗겨내다)

    bedecked<>unadorned
  175. rococo
    <>umembellished
  176. stoke
    • stoke:fuel::irrigate:water::garnish:decoration
    • (ac-radiate:steam)
  177. adornment
    꾸미기 장식

    • adornment:enhance
    • beauty를 강화시키는 것
  178. befriend
    make friend with

    ignorant, shun<>welcome, seek, haunt
  179. fraternize
    (적의 관계인데) 친구가 되다

    <> 교류X
  180. estrangement
    소원

    • <>rapprochement (화해, 관계회복 O)
    • <>familiarity (친근함 O)
    • <>familiarization(친숙, 익숙, 정통 X)
  181. rapprochement
    화해, 관계회복
  182. rapport
    • 친하게지냄
    • (re approach 연상~~~)

    <>discord
  183. hobnob
    친하게지내다

    <>estrange, alienate

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