emt ch.2

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Dixierebel102
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88768
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emt ch.2
Updated:
2011-06-01 23:21:51
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emt chapter 2
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  1. what is wellness
    a state of health and happiness that invloves lifestyle choices in pursuit of an optimal state of health
  2. what is stress
    a chemical or physical, or emotional factor that causes bodily of mental tension
  3. what is a euestressor
    good stress
  4. what are some stress included illnesses
    • headache
    • upset stomach
    • rash
    • imsomnia
    • ulcars
    • hypertension
    • heart disease or stroke
  5. what is a stressor
    any event or condition that has the potential to cause bodily or mental tension.
  6. what are some symptoms of the fight or flight response as the body prepares to protect itself.
    • pupils dilate
    • Heart rate increases
    • respitory rate increases
    • airways dilate
    • muscle strenth increases
  7. what are responses to stress by the family and friends of ems workers
    • lack of understanding of pre hospital care
    • fear of separation of being ignored
    • frustration caused by the on call nature of the job and the inability to plan activities
    • frustration caused by wanting to share
  8. what is cumulative stress
    repeated exposure to smaller stressors that build over time
  9. what is a traumatic incident
    situation that causes a health care provider to experience unusually strong emotions
  10. what is an infection
    results when a body is invaded by pathogens such as a bacteria and viruses.
  11. what are pathogens
    germs capable of producing disease.
  12. what is a communicable disease
    is an infection that can be spread from one person to another.
  13. what is airborne disease
    disease that is spread by droplets producing by couching or sneezing.
  14. what are some examples of airborne disease
    • tuberculosis (tb)
    • measles
    • meningitis
    • rubella
    • smallpox
    • chickenpox
  15. what are bloodborne diseases
    diseases that are spread by contact with body fluids
  16. what are some examples of bloodborne diseases
    • hepatitis B virus (HBV)
    • Hepatitis C
    • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    • syphilis
  17. what are foodborne diseases
    are spread by improper handling of food or by poor personal hygiene.
  18. what are some examples of food borne diseases
    • salmonella (food poisoning)
    • hepatitis A
  19. what are sexually transmitted diseases
    are spread by sexual contact or blood contact.
  20. what are some examples of sexually trasmitted diseases
    • Chlamydia
    • Gonorrhea
    • HIV
  21. how long can hepatitis B survive outside the body
    1 week
  22. how long can HIV survive outside the body
    couple hrs.
  23. what is exposure
    is direct or indirect contact with infected blood, body fluids, tissues, or airborne droplets.
  24. what does OSHA stand for
    Occupational Safety and Health Adminstration
  25. what is osha responsible for
    safety in the work place
  26. what is standard precautions
    refer to self-protection against all body fluids and substances
  27. standard precautions include the following
    • Handwashing
    • using ppe
    • Cleaning and or disposing of supplies and equiment.
  28. what immunizations should you keep current
    • tetanus prevention
    • Hepatitis B Vaccine
    • influenza vaccine
    • measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine
  29. who defines a hazardous material
    the national fire protection assocation (NFPA)
  30. what is a hazardous material
    a substance that when released is capable of creating harm to people, the enviroment, or property.
  31. what should you do if you get a call to a hazardous material.
    • stage you vehical
    • where your PPE
    • be sure patients are decontamited
  32. List the order of whos safety comes first
    • You
    • Crew
    • patient
    • bystanders
  33. what are some ways to avoid disturbing evidence.
    • try not to disturbe unless necessary for patient care.
    • always wear gloves
    • avoid stepping in blood spatter.
    • Try to take same route in and out.
    • limit the number of people that enter the scene
  34. what is body mechanics
    the way we move our bodies when moving or lifting.Including alignment, balance, and coordination.
  35. always drag a patient along the ____ Axis
    long axis ( length of the spine)

    never push pull or drag a patient sideways.

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