(i) sufficient act of restraint (ii) in a bounded area
- Sufficient Act of Restraint
- Threats are enough. Inaction can be sufficient if there has been an understanding (express or implied) that the defendant would do something.
Note - the time period can be very short
- plaintiff must know he was confined at the time, unless the confinement actually injures the plaintiff.
- Plaintiff's freedom of movement in all directions is limited.
An area isn't bounded if there is (a) a reasonable means of escape; and (b) plaintiff knows of it.
Note - mere inconvenience of movement is not enough