GOVT final .3

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tay
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GOVT final .3
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2011-06-02 19:57:09
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govt final .3
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  1. Domestic Policy?
    • Public plans or courses of action that concern internal issues of national importance,
    • such as poverty, crime, and the environment.

    All the laws, government planning and government actions that affect each individualsdaily life.
  2. Policy formulation is?
    Policy proposals are discussed among government officials and the public.

    • Congress doesn’t want
    • the govt to get way into the economy, because it would be costly.

    Takes place in media or in the halls of Congress.
  3. After the Medicare reform law went into effect?
    Provided direct drugs benefits
  4. ___ is a joint federal-state program designed to subsidize health care costs for the poor.
    Medicaid
  5. Those people who are least likely to have health insurance are?
    Hispanic Americans
  6. The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969?
    a. Govt involvement in solving pollution problems.

    b. Interior Department had no guidance in the energy- environment trade off.

    c. Oil exploded, killed many things.

    • d. Established the council on environmental quality, also mandated an environmental impact
    • statement.

    e. The act gave citizens and public-interest groups who were concerned with the environment a weapon against the unnecessary and inappropriate use of natural resources by the govt.
  7. The 1990 Clean Air Act?
    • • Established tighter standards for emissions of NO2 for newly built cars and trucks
    • • Required 110 of oldest coal-burning power plants to cut their emissions by 40 percent
    • -The problem of sulfer emissions from electric power plants.
    • -The law simply limited total sulfur emissions.
    • -Could only produce a ton a year.
  8. The Clean Water Act of 1972?
    a. 3 goals: safe h2o for swimming. Protect water animals. Eliminate the discharge of pollutants into the water.

    b. Act made the municipal and industrial polluters to apply for permits for discharging the water.

    c. Prohitbs the filling or dreging of wetlands unless a permit is obtained from the army corps of engineers.
  9. Deficit Spending occurs when?
    • Deficit spending occurs when a government,
    • business, or individual's spending exceeds income over a particular period of time.
  10. Recessions?
    Two or more successive quarters in which the economy shrinks instead of grows.

    Are political poison for a sitting president, even though a president’s power to control theeconomy is actually not that great.
  11. Inflation refers to a sustained rise in the?
    General price level of goods and services
  12. The Great Depression ended majority support for?
    republicans
  13. The __ is a measure of the change in price over time of specific group of goods and services used by the average household.
    Consumer Price Index
  14. The Business Cycle?
    • a. Economists refers to the regular succession of economic expansions and contraction as the
    • business cycle.

    b. Implies regular recurrence, and in the years since world war 2, contractions and expansions have varied greatly in length.

    c. Passes through boom times and recession.
  15. Using changes in the amount of taxes and government expenditures to affect business activity is known as?
    Fiscal Policy
  16. By Foreign Policy, we mean?
    Both goals the government wants to achieve in the world and the techniques and strategies used to achieve them.
  17. Diplomacy refers to?
    The process by which states carry on political relations with each other; settling conflicts among nations by peaceful means.
  18. A policy of abstaining from an active role in international affairs or alliances, which characterized U.S. foreign policy toward Europe during most of the 1880s, is known as?
    Isolationist Foreign Policy
  19. The NSC is?
    National security council.
  20. Advisory body to the president, rival to state dept. in influencing the foreign policy process.
  21. The set of policies having to do with the U.S. armed forces is called?
    Defense Policy
  22. Moral Idealism is philosophy that?
    That sees nations as normally willing to cooperate and to agree on moral standards for conduct.
  23. Political Realism is a philosophy that?
    Sees each nation acting principally in its own interests.
  24. During the 1800s, the U.S. generally?
    Stayed out of European conflicts and politics.
  25. During the Cold War, there was?
    no direct military confrontation between the us and the soviet union.
  26. The policy adopted in 1947 to halt Communist expansion in southeastern Europe is known as the?
    Truman Doctrine
  27. The largest source of revenue for the state budget in Texas comes from?
    Federal Funds
  28. Various taxes
  29. Which of the following states collects the lowest percent of its resident’s income in taxes?
    texas
  30. The “ability to pay” concept of taxation is most closely related to?
    progressive
  31. Texas has a dual system of budgeting preparation in which the?
    • In which the legislative and executive branches each have separate budgeting agencies.
    • i. Legislative Budget Board LBB
    • ii.Governor’s office
  32. The basic curriculum a public school (K-12) must follow is established by the?
    the TEA
  33. Unemployed workers in Texas receive benefits administered by the?
    Texas Workforce Commission
  34. The 3rd largest expenditure in the Texas State Budget is?
    transportation

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