chapter 1 terms

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halvob
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88922
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chapter 1 terms
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2011-06-03 01:12:17
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psychology
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psychology
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  1. psychology
    scientific study of behavior and mental processes
  2. science
    the use of systematic methods to observe the natural world, including human behavior, and to draw conclusions
  3. behavior
    everything we do that can be directly observed
  4. mental processes
    the thougths, feelings, and motives that each of us experiences privately but that cannot be observed directly
  5. critical thinking
    process of reflecting deeply and actively, asking questions, and evaluating the evidence
  6. empirical method
    gaining knowledge through the observation of events, the collection of data, and logical reasoning.
  7. positive psychology
    a branch of psychology that emphasizes human strengths
  8. structuralism
    william wund's approach to discovering the basic elements, or structures, of mental processes; so called b/c of its focus on identifying the structures of the human mind
  9. functionalism
    James's approach to mental processes, emphasizing the functions and purposes of the mind and behavior in the individual's adaptation to the environment
  10. natural selection
    darwin's principles of an evolutionary process in which organisms that are best adapted to their environment will survive and produce offspring
  11. biological approach
    an approach to psychology focusing on the body, especially the brain and nervous system
  12. neuroscience
    the scientific study of the structure, function, development, genetics, and biochemistry of the nervous system, emphasizing that the brain and nervous system are central to understanding behavior, thought and emotion
  13. behavioral approach
    emphasizing the scientific study of observable behavioral responses and their environmental determinants
  14. psychodynamic approach
    an approach to psychology emphasizing unconscious thought, the conflict between biological drives and society's demands, and early childhood family experiences
  15. humanistic approach
    an approach to psychology emphasizing a person's positive qualities, the capacity for positive growth, and the freedom to choose any destiny
  16. cognitive approach
    an approach to psychology emphasizing the mental processes involved in knowing: how we direct our attention, perceive, remember, think, and solve problems
  17. evolutionary approach
    an approach to psychology centered on evolutionary ideas such as adaptation, reproduction, and natural selection as the basis for explaining specific human behaviors
  18. sociocultural approach
    an approach to psychology that examines the ways in which social and cultural environments influence behavior
  19. sensation and perception
    focus on physical systems and psychological processes that allow us to experience the world
  20. learning
    the intricate process by which behavior changes to adapt to changing circumstances
  21. cognitive psychology
    field of psychology that examines attention, consciousness, information processing and memory
  22. developmental psychology
    concerned with how ppl become who they are, from conception to death
  23. motivation and emotion
    how individuals persist to attain a difficult goal and how rewards affect the experience of motivation
  24. psychopathology
    scientific study of psychological disorders and the development of diagnostic categories and treatments for those disorders

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