Biology Questions.txt

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sportyblonde312
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88948
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Biology Questions.txt
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2011-06-06 14:19:29
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Biology
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Final Exam Questions
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  1. A proposed solution or explanation of a scientfic event in nature is called a(n):
    hypothesis
  2. A ? is the basic measurement of lengh in the metric system.
    meter
  3. A ? is the basic unit of mass in the metric system.
    gram
  4. The metric system is based on powers of:
    10
  5. When viewing a slide on a compound microscope, you place the slide on the:
    stage
  6. When viewing a slide on high power, you should NEVER focus using the:
    coarse focus
  7. Which of the following is not the power of an objective lens?
    A- 100X
    B- 10X
    C-25X
    D-40X
    C- 25X
  8. When you increase the magnification, the feild of view...
    decreases
  9. Which is the 1st stage of the scientific method?
    observe a problem
  10. Which part of the scientific method contains the variable being tested?
    experimental set-up
  11. When sodium chloride dissolves in water, the sodium chloride dissociates into...
    sodium and chloride ions
  12. Due to an uneven distribution of its electrons, the water molecule is...
    slightly charged at each end
  13. Waxy or oily organic compounds are...
    lipids
  14. In polymerization, complex molecules are formed by the joining together of...
    monomers
  15. Most substances in the human body are classified as organic compounds because they contain...
    carbon
  16. The term that is least closely related to the others is...
    A- glucose
    B- fructose
    C- disaccharide
    D- monosaccharide
    C- disaccharide
  17. Proteins, unlike carbohydrates, contain...
    nitrogen
  18. When you dissolve salt in water, you produce a mixture called a...
    solution
  19. Many lipids are formed by the attachment of three...
    fatty acids to glycerol
  20. The amino acids in glycine and alanine bond to form a...
    dipeptide
  21. If all the carbon atoms in a fatty acid chain are joined by single bonds, the fatty acid is said to be...
    saturated
  22. In the body, enzymes...
    decrease the "start-up" energy of a chemical reaction
  23. Nucleotides are built up from each of the following basic parts except a...
    A. 5-carbon sugar
    B. phosphate group
    C. suspension
    D. 6-carbon sugar
    D. 6-carbon sugar
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. When you shake sugar and sand together in a test tube, you cause them to form a...
    mixture
  25. Carbon has the ability to form chains of almost unlimited length by bonding with...
    other carbon atoms
  26. Pure water, in which the concentrations of H+ and OH- ions are equal, has a pH of...
    7
  27. When you dissolve instant coffee in water, the coffee is the...
    solute
  28. In dehydration synthesis, two molecules of simple compounds are combined by the...
    rremoval of a molecule of water
  29. In a chemical reaction, a reactant binds to an enzyme at a region known as the...
    active site
  30. The term that is least closely related to the others is...
    A. ribonucleic acid
    B. deoxyribonucleic acid
    C. polynucleotide
    D. polypeptide
    D. polypeptide
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. A compound that releases hydrogen ions into solution is a (an)...
    acid
  32. Polysaccharides are split apart to form monosaccharides in a reaction know as...
    hydrolysis
  33. The structures formed when phospholipids are mixed with warer are called...
    sterols
  34. The amino group in any amino acid is...
    -NH2
  35. Although glucose and galactose both have the formula C6H12O6, they differ in the...
    number of covalent bonds
  36. Which term decribes a cell drinking?
    pinocytosis
  37. The ? is the organelle responsivle for producing the energy of the cell.
    mitochondria
  38. The ? is the organelle that produces RNA.
    ribosome
  39. The cell membrane is ?.
    selectively permeable
  40. The ? of the cell functions in storage and packaging of cell products.
    golgi apparatus
  41. The nucleus contains:
    DNA
  42. Movement of water from a high to low concentration is called:
    osmosis
  43. Which of the following is not made of microfilaments and microtubules?
    A. lysosomes
    B. flagella
    C. cytoskeleton
    D. cilia
    A. lysosomes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. Which of the is not a type of active trasport?
    A. pinovytosis
    B. phagocytosis
    C. facilitated diffusion
    D. exocytosis
    C. facilitated diffusion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. Which organelle contains digestive enzymes?
    lysosomes
  46. ? is a pigment that is responsible for vision.
    rhodopsin
  47. Some cells contain a ?, which allows excess water to be pumped outside the cell.
    contractile vacuole
  48. Which of the following does not require cellular energy (ATP)?
    A. exocytosis
    B. pinocytosis
    C. phagocytosis
    D. diffusion
    D. diffusion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. Plant cells contain a cell wall which functions in:
    structure of the cell
  50. ? store pigments responsible for photosynthesis.
    chloroplasts
  51. Who developed the first microscope?
    Leeuwnhoek
  52. Who discovered that cells come from pre-existing cells?
    Virchow
  53. Who viewed cork cells under a microscope?
    Hooke
  54. Which of the following does not contain a cell wall?
    A. bacteria cell
    B. plant cell
    C. animal cell
    D. algea cell
    C. animal cell
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. The protein ? holds the cell wall together.
    pectin
  56. The basic unit of structure of all living things is the:
    cell
  57. The control center of the cell is the:
    nucleus
  58. Organisms whose cells DO NOT have a nucleus are called:
    prokaryotes
  59. ? is the process in which cells are suited to perform a particular functions.
    specialization
  60. ? store the reactants and products of digestion.
    vacuoles
  61. The process of changing one bacterial cell into another identical cell is called...
    replication
  62. DNA is a:
    nucleic acid
  63. A nucleiotide of DNA would contain:
    thymine
  64. Watson and Crick:
    created the first model of DNA
  65. What bonds in a DNA molecule break before replication takes place?
    adenin-thymine
  66. Where does transcription occur in the cell?
    nucleus
  67. When the information on a DNA molecule is read ? are produced.
    proteins
  68. When DNA transcription occures, adenine matches with the following ribose,
    uracil
  69. Where inside the cell is RNA turned into a protein?
    ribosome
  70. A nucleic acid is made of a sugar molecule, a nitrogenous base, and a:
    phosphate group
  71. Uncontrolled cell division is called:
    cancer
  72. Chromatids are held together in the center by a:
    spindle
  73. Each chromosome strand is called a(n):
    chromatid
  74. If a cell has 6 chromosomes, how many chromosomes would the daughter cell have?
    3
  75. The stage in mitosis in which the chromosomes line up down the middle of the cell is known as:
    metaphase
  76. Which occures first during mitosis?
    chromosome duplication
  77. Which structure is found during plant cell mitosis and not animal cell mitosis?
    cell plate
  78. Which stage of mitosis occurs in 3 phases?
    interphase
  79. During ? the centrioles separate and travel to the opposite sides of the cell.
    prophase
  80. ? occurs as the last phase of mitosis.
    cytokinesis
  81. Human sex cells are produces through the process of:
    meiosis
  82. What occurs in meiosis that causes the genes to get "mixed up"?
    crossing-over
  83. A human has 46 chromosome. How many chromosomes does a human cell have after meiosis occurs?
    23
  84. What is created as a product of meiosis?
    gamettes
  85. Humans contain 2 sets of chromosomes. Therefore, they are said to be ?.
    diploid
  86. The kingdom that contains prokaryotes is the:
    eubacteria
  87. The larges taxon is a
    kingdom
  88. A classification system does all the following, except:
    a. show relationships
    b. show evolutionary trends
    c. create confusion
    d. use one name for an organism
    d
  89. The only taxon that specifically names an organism:
    species
  90. In the name, Acer rubrum, Acer is the:
    genus
  91. Which of the following is not the name of a taxon?
    a. group
    b. genus
    c. family
    d. kingdom
    a
  92. Who developed binomial nomenclature?
    Linneas
  93. All members of the protista kingdom are:
    eukaryotic
  94. All members of the plant kingdom are:
    eukaryotic
  95. Several families of similare organisms make up an:
    order
  96. What structure forms the skeletal support of sponges?
    spicules
  97. What is the mobile, bell shaped life stage of a cnidarian?
    medusa
  98. Animals that do not move are:
    sessile
  99. What method is used by sponges and polyps to produce asexually?
    budding
  100. Which cells of the sponge build spicules?
    amebocytes
  101. Which of the following are stinging cells of cnidarians?
    nematocysts
  102. Which sponge cells contain flagella?
    collar cells
  103. What is the name of a spore formed during reproduction?
    gemmule
  104. An anemone moves food into its mouth using its:
    tentacles
  105. A sponges central cavity is called a:
    spongocoel
  106. An animal with a backbone is called a:
    vertebrate
  107. What is another name for a meat eater?
    carnivore
  108. What do detrious feeders eat?
    dead materials
  109. The "belly" side of an organism is called the ? side.
    ventral
  110. Spicules are created by which protein?
    spongin
  111. A sponge exhibits which body type?
    bilateral symmetry
  112. A small cluster of nerve cells is called:
    a ganglion
  113. An organism which feeds off of other organisms is called a:
    parasite
  114. A ? is an immature stage of an adult.
    nymph
  115. A ? connects the mouth to the stomach.
    pharynx
  116. The ability of starfish to regrow rays is called:
    regeneration
  117. The ring canal and radial cals are part of the:
    water vascular system
  118. All echinoderms are marine. What does this mean?
    live in the ocean only
  119. Echinoderms remover their nitrogen waste through the:
    anus
  120. Which structure in a starfish's body exits to feed?
    cardiac stomach
  121. The latin meaning of echinoderm is:
    spiny skinned
  122. The madreporite and the anus are located on a starfish's ? side.
    aboral
  123. The free-swimming ciliated larva of a mollusk is called a:
    trochopore
  124. What is the toothed tongue on a snail called:
    radula
  125. Which organ is used by clams for respiration?
    gills
  126. Which class of mollusks does the squid and octopus belong to?
    cephalopoda
  127. Which class of mollusks do slugs and snails belong to?
    gastropods
  128. Clams belong to the calss of mollusks called:
    bivalves
  129. The area of a clam that contains its organs is called the:
    visceral mass
  130. Which kind of mollusks are filter feeders?
    bivalves
  131. Which layer secretes the shell in a clam?
    mantle
  132. The heart of a clam is located in the:
    viseral mass
  133. The shell of the clam is made of:
    calcium carbonate
  134. Mollusks that are carnivores drill through shells of their prey using:
    a radula
  135. An echinoderm uses ? to balance.
    statocysts
  136. In mullusks, liquid wastes are removed from the body through:
    nephridia
  137. The skeleton of an echinoderm is made up of:
    bumpy plates
  138. In the starfish, the mouth is located on the ? side.
    oral
  139. each of the following is part of an echinoderm's water vascular system except the:
    A. madreporite
    B. radial canals
    C. gonads
    D. rind canal
    C. gonads
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  140. Nitrogen is excreted from the echinoderm in the form of:
    ammonia
  141. How does asexual reproducton in a free-living flatworm occur?
    fission
  142. a cluster of nerve cells is called a (an):
    ganglion
  143. ? are flatworms that live in marine or fresh water environments.
    turbellarians
  144. A parasite ? in an intermediate host.
    reproduces asexually
  145. A(n) ? is a ratasitic roundworm.
    ascaris
  146. roundworms hace a digestive system:
    with two openings
  147. the body of an annelid has:
    segments
  148. A ? is an external parasite.
    leech
  149. ? are bristlelike structures on an annelids body,
    satae
  150. tunnels made by earthworms become passageways for:
    plant roots
  151. which of the following is a false statement about flatworms:
    A. their bodies are filled with fluid
    B. their pharynx can extend out of their body
    C. they exhibit bilateral symmetry
    D. they are radial symmetric
    D.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  152. which organ pumps food into the stomach of all worms?
    pharynx
  153. how do flatworms detect light change?
    eyespots
  154. a leech has a muscular penetrating structure called a:
    proboscis
  155. the name for each individual section of a tapeworm is a(n):
    proglottid
  156. False statement about roundworms?
    they have body segments
  157. which worm causes the disease elephantiasis?
    filarial worms
  158. how does an earthworm eliminate nitrogen-containing wastes?
    nephridia
  159. the ? grinds food into small pieces in the earthworm
    gizzard
  160. which of the following is a characteristic of flatworms?
    has an incomplete digestive tract`
  161. The group of arthropods that use book lungs for respiration are:
    spiders
  162. in crustaceans, respiration occurs through:
    gills
  163. crabs attack potential enemies using:
    powerful claws
  164. an insect with one pair of legs on each of its segment is called a(n):
    centipede
  165. an arthropod with 3 distict body parts is called a(n):
    insect
  166. scorpians, unlike spiders, have:
    pedipalps with claws
  167. the abdomen of crayfish contains:
    swimmerets
  168. ants and bees are social insects that do not have:
    several queens
  169. an insect whose mouthparts are specialized for sippin nectar is the:
    butterfly
  170. the process in which insects shed their exoskeletos is called:
    molting
  171. the second stage in complete metamorphosis is called:
    larva
  172. insects have 3 pairs of legs attached to the:
    thorax
  173. the function of spinnerets is to
    emit silk
  174. in crustaceans, nitrogenous waste is excreted with the help of:
    green glands
  175. which of the following is a herbivore?
    millipede

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