Unit 2 Ch 15 Vocab plus.txt
Card Set Information
Unit 2 Ch 15 Vocab plus.txt
Ch 15 Vocab
rare malignant tumor arising in bone; most often occurring in children
bony growth arising from the surface of bone
traumatic breaking of a bone
simple or closed fracture
break in bone but not in skin
compound or open fracture
break in bone and in skin
at distal end of radius near wrist
bone is splintered or crushed into several pieces
bone collapses or is compressed
bone is partially broken; one side remains unbroken
one fragment of bone is driven firmly into the other
osteogenic sarcoma, osteosarcoma
common malignant tumor arising from osteoblasts
softening of bone, with inadequate amounts of calcium in the bone
imflammation of the bone and bone marrow secondary to infection
decrease in bone density; thinning and weakening of bone
congenital abnormality of the hindfoot
chronic, progressive arthritis with stiffening of joints, primarily of the spine
inflammation and painful swelling of joints caused by excessive uric acid in the body
progressive, degenerative joint disease with loss of articular cartilage and hypertrophy of bone at articular surfaces
chronic joint condition with inflammation and pain; caused by an autoimmune reaction against joint tissue, particularly the synovial membrane
enlargement of bone or tissue around the joint at the base of the big toe
carpal tunnel syndrome
compression of the median nerve as it passes between the ligament and the bones and tendons of the wrist
displacement of a bone from its joint
fluid-filled cyst arising from joint capsules or tendons, typically in the hand
herniation of an intervertebral disk
abnormal protrusion of an intervertebral disk into the spinal canal or spinal nerve
disorder marked by arthritis, myalgia, and malaise; caused by bacterium carried by a tick
trauma to a joint without rupture
systemic lupus erythematoses
chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease involving joints, skin, kidneys, nervous system, heart and lungs
decreasing the angle between two bones; bending a limb
increasing the angle between two bones; straightening a limb
movement away from the midline of the body
movement toward the midline of the body
circular movement around an axis. Internal rotation is toward the midline and external is away form the midline.
decreasing the angle of the ankle joint so that the foot bends backward (upward).
motion that extends the foot downward toward the ground as when pointing the toes.
as applied to the hand and forearm, the act of turning the palm up. As applied to the foot, it is outward roll of the foot during normal motion.
as applied to the hand and forearm, the act of turning the palm down. As applied to the foot, it is inward roll of the foot during normal motion.
group of inherited diseases characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of muscle fibers without involvement of the nervous system.
chronic inflammatory myopathy