Unit 2 Ch 15 Vocab plus.txt

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lilnugget
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88954
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Unit 2 Ch 15 Vocab plus.txt
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2011-06-03 11:01:50
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Ch 15 Vocab
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  1. Ewing sarcoma
    rare malignant tumor arising in bone; most often occurring in children
  2. exostosis
    bony growth arising from the surface of bone
  3. fracture
    traumatic breaking of a bone
  4. simple or closed fracture
    break in bone but not in skin
  5. compound or open fracture
    break in bone and in skin
  6. Colles' fracture
    at distal end of radius near wrist
  7. comminuted fracture
    bone is splintered or crushed into several pieces
  8. compression fracture
    bone collapses or is compressed
  9. greenstick fracture
    bone is partially broken; one side remains unbroken
  10. impacted fracture
    one fragment of bone is driven firmly into the other
  11. osteogenic sarcoma, osteosarcoma
    common malignant tumor arising from osteoblasts
  12. osteomalacia
    softening of bone, with inadequate amounts of calcium in the bone
  13. osteomyelitis
    imflammation of the bone and bone marrow secondary to infection
  14. osteoporosis
    decrease in bone density; thinning and weakening of bone
  15. talipes
    congenital abnormality of the hindfoot
  16. ankylosing spondylitis
    chronic, progressive arthritis with stiffening of joints, primarily of the spine
  17. gouty arthritis
    inflammation and painful swelling of joints caused by excessive uric acid in the body
  18. osteoarthritis
    progressive, degenerative joint disease with loss of articular cartilage and hypertrophy of bone at articular surfaces
  19. rheumatoid arthritis
    chronic joint condition with inflammation and pain; caused by an autoimmune reaction against joint tissue, particularly the synovial membrane
  20. bunion
    enlargement of bone or tissue around the joint at the base of the big toe
  21. carpal tunnel syndrome
    compression of the median nerve as it passes between the ligament and the bones and tendons of the wrist
  22. dislocation
    displacement of a bone from its joint
  23. ganglion
    fluid-filled cyst arising from joint capsules or tendons, typically in the hand
  24. herniation of an intervertebral disk
    abnormal protrusion of an intervertebral disk into the spinal canal or spinal nerve
  25. Lyme disease
    disorder marked by arthritis, myalgia, and malaise; caused by bacterium carried by a tick
  26. sprain
    trauma to a joint without rupture
  27. systemic lupus erythematoses
    chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease involving joints, skin, kidneys, nervous system, heart and lungs
  28. flexion
    decreasing the angle between two bones; bending a limb
  29. extension
    increasing the angle between two bones; straightening a limb
  30. abduction
    movement away from the midline of the body
  31. adduction
    movement toward the midline of the body
  32. rotation
    circular movement around an axis. Internal rotation is toward the midline and external is away form the midline.
  33. dorsiflexion
    decreasing the angle of the ankle joint so that the foot bends backward (upward).
  34. plantar flexion
    motion that extends the foot downward toward the ground as when pointing the toes.
  35. supination
    as applied to the hand and forearm, the act of turning the palm up. As applied to the foot, it is outward roll of the foot during normal motion.
  36. pronation
    as applied to the hand and forearm, the act of turning the palm down. As applied to the foot, it is inward roll of the foot during normal motion.
  37. muscular dystrophy
    group of inherited diseases characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of muscle fibers without involvement of the nervous system.
  38. polymyositis
    chronic inflammatory myopathy

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