sociology final

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sociology final
2011-06-05 05:41:57

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  1. Chattel Slavery
    the type of slavery in which one person owns another
  2. __% of women worked outside the home in 1900 and __% do so today.
    20, 60
  3. One of the criticisms that has been leveled at the three-world's model of global stratification is that changes in Eastern Europe, including the fall of the Soviet Union, mean that there is no longer a distinctive
    second world
  4. According to the United Nations Secretary-General, the wealth of the world's __ richest individuals is approximately equal to the economic output of the world's ___ poorest countries.
    3, 45
  5. Women who attended the Seneca Falls (NY) Convention in 1848 heard activist _____ call for expanded rights for women.
    Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  6. In low-income countries, _______ of all deaths occur among children under the age of ten years.
  7. The political system in Saudi Arabia is a type of
  8. ________ is the domination of a market by a few producers.
  9. Which theoretical perspective views power as widely dispersed across many competing interest groups?
    the pluralist model
  10. A ______ is a person or category of people, typically with little power, whom other people unfairly blame for their own troubles.
  11. ________ is an economic system in which natural resources and the means of producing goods and services are privately owned.
  12. A postindustrial economy is a productive system based on
    service work and computer technology
  13. _________ is a state in which people of all races and ethnicities are distinct but have equal social standing.
  14. Which theory of prejudice suggests that powerful people use prejudice to justify oppressing others?
    conflict theory
  15. What changes did the Industrial Revolution bring to the economy?
    specialization, new sources of energy and centralization of work in factories.
  16. A family unit that includes parents and children as well as other kin is:
    an extended family
  17. ________ is the study of how health and disease are distributed throughout a society's population.
    Social epidemiology
  18. a reformative social movement
    is a social movement that seeks limited change for everyone in society
  19. an alternative social movement
    is a social movement that seeks limited change to specific individuals
  20. a revolutionary social movement
    is a social movement that seeks radical change for everyone in society
  21. a redemptive social movement
    is a social movement that seeks radical change for specific indivduals
  22. Alcoholics Anonymous is an example of
    redemptive social movement
  23. Emile Durkheim proposed that preindustrial societies are held together by similarities among people, which is referred to as
    mechanical solidarity
  24. Karl Marx highlighted the importance of what in the process of social change?
    social conflict
  25. The development of antibiotics to treat bacterial disease is an example of
  26. The Three Worlds Model was developed when?
    after WWII
  27. Debt bondage
    employers pay too little and people cannot meet their debts; are unable to meet demands of shelter and food provided by employers and indebted, enslaved: sweatshops and factories in China
  28. The 19th Amendment in 1920
    allowed women to vote
  29. Intersectionality
    The interplay of race, class, and gender, often resulting in multiple dimensions of disadvantag