Card Set Information
for upcoming geriatrics exam
1200 mg daily for adults over 50, 1500 mg daily for post-menopausal women and all adults over 65
Vit D RDI
Adults 51-70, 400 IUs
: 600 IUs
Who shou.ld get Vit D supplements?
Those who are homebound or institutionalized, and those with osteomalacia or osteoporosis
How do you dose Ca?
Absorption of Ca decreases as the amt ingested decreases (starting at around 500), therefore divide dosing into BID and TID
How is Ca administered?
Calcium carbonate should be taken with food, calcium citrate may be taken with or without food
51+: 40 micrograms
What is the upper limit of folate dosing?
1000 micrograms, as too much can mask B12 deficiency
Dietary sources of folate
Grain products, dark green leafy vegetables
50+: 2.4 micrograms (through dietary sources)
Dietary sources of B12
Meat products including fish and eggs
50+ 1.5 mg
B6 upper limits
100 mg, if above limit, pts have neurologic (cognitive and motor) function
leads to fatigue or depressed feelings
Dietary sources of B6
Meats, including fish, many veggies and fruits are also high in B6
8 mg for women 19+. 11 mg for men 19+
Leads to dermatitis, loss of taste sensation, and decreased immune function
Dietary sources of zinc
seafood, grains, eggs
Omega 3 RDI
1.1g for women and 1.6 grams for men
Unintentional loss of 10% of body weight with serum albumin <3.5g/dL