MAPHeatInj

Card Set Information

Author:
jakeschis
ID:
89146
Filename:
MAPHeatInj
Updated:
2011-06-04 17:28:56
Tags:
MAP Heat Injury
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Description:
MAP Final - Heat Injury
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  1. Heat Stroke
    • T > 102
    • mental status changes
  2. Med's that increase risk to heat injury
    • antihistamines
    • decongestants
    • BP meds
    • psych meds
  3. sources of heat gain
    • activity
    • environment
  4. Oral rehydration cannot adequately replace fluid loss (T/F)
    True - if the gut works, use it
  5. the primary effect of acclimation on improving heat-related performance
    sweat efficiency -- get better and moving fluid to surface
  6. #1 psychological risk factor for heat injury
    excess motivation and ignoring warnings
  7. most significant risk factor for heat injury
    prior heat injury
  8. the two mechanisms responsible for most heat loss in humans
    evaporation and radiation
  9. unchecked rise in core body temp due to excessive intrinsic or extrinsic heat production that overwhelms thermoregulation
    exertional heat illness
  10. result of salt and water loss with primarily lower extremity symptoms
    heat cramps
  11. fatigue, weakness, dizziness, headache, nausea, tachycardia, and profuse sweating
    heat exhaustion
  12. Wet Bulb Globe Temp, WBGT - black flag temp
    90F
  13. individuals can tolerate how much fluid loss before feeling thirsty
    1.5 liters
  14. prevent heat injuries by:
    • maintaining hydration
    • acclimation/preparation/training
    • identifying risk factors
  15. personal risk factors that put people at risk for heat injury
    • alcohol consumption
    • poor sleep (cognitively impaired)
    • supplement use, in particular
  16. BMI > ? puts you at risk for heat injury
    BMI > 30
  17. what are the elements of the HEAT model for risk stratificiation?
    • H- heat condition
    • E - exertion
    • A- acclimation
    • T- time of rest
  18. age range of most fatalities
    80% were over 50, non-exertional -- low income, no AC
  19. with rapid cooling, mortality associated with heat stroke can be reduced from ___ to ___
    80% to 10%
  20. how should temp be taken in heat casualty patients?
    rectally
  21. 7 R's for heat injury first aid
    • 1. Recognize
    • 2. Rest
    • 3. Remove Clothing
    • 4. Resuscitate
    • 5. Reduce Temp
    • 6. Rehydrate
    • 7. Rush to Care
  22. Hyponatremia
    from drinking too much in the heat, and will cause cognitive impairment

    -normal temp and crazy
  23. two key factors in diagnosing heat stroke
    • exertional heat illness
    • mental impairment
    • "hot and crazy"
  24. Effect means of rapid cooling?
    • Ice
    • Spray
    • Fan
    • Bucket
    • Sheets
    • Misters

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