Mod F unit 4 test

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swendsenalicia
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Mod F unit 4 test
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2011-06-06 12:29:29
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mod f unit 4 test
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  1. What is the classification for the (B) Norflex (g) orphenadrine?
    muscle relaxer
  2. What is the classification for the (B) Viokase (g) pancrelipase?
    digestive enzyme; tx: Chronic pancreatitis
  3. What is the classification for the (B) Avandia (g) rosiglitazone?
    oral antidiabetic
  4. What is the classification for the (B) Viagra (g) sildenafil?
    erectile dysfunction
  5. What is the classification (B) Carafate (g) sucralfate?
    anti ulcer
  6. The pituitary gland is also known as what?
    hypophysis and the master gland
  7. What is a condition of deficient sugar in the blood?
    hypoglycemia
  8. What disease is a deficiency of adrenocortical hormones?
    addison disease
  9. What blood test is done to assess T3, T4, and calcitonin?
    Thyroid function test (TFT)
  10. What is a blood test that detects the thyroid's ability to concentrate and retain iodine?
    radioactive iodine (RAI) uptake scan
  11. What hormone stimulates growth and hormone activity of testes and ovaries?
    follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
  12. What promotes growth of breast tissue and milk production?
    Prolactin
  13. What regulates calcium levels in bones and blood, and also increases calcium levels in the blood?
    Parathyroid hormone (PTH; parathormone)
  14. The pituitary gland, or hypophysis is held in the ______ , a depression in the sphenoid bone in the cranial cavity.
    sella turcica
  15. There are two adrenal glands located above the _____
    kidneys
  16. Muscle spasms due to an underactive parathyroid gland?
    tetany (also calcium tetany from abnormal calcium levels in the blood)
  17. What organ is the major function of the digestive process and is both an exocrine and endocrine gland?
    pancreas
  18. True or false; Prostaglandins are proteins and steroid hormones
    false; prostaglandins are neither a protein or steroid hormones. They are lipids that mimic hormones and sometimes referred to as local hormones
  19. An overproduction of melatonin from the pineal gland may be a result in what type of depression?
    S.A.D. (Seasonal affective disorder)
  20. What is a disease caused by a lack of growth hormone (GH) that causes undergrowth of bone and body tissue in children?
    Dwarfism
  21. What is a disease caused by oversecretion of GH, which causes an overgrowth of body tissue before puberty, including the long bones?
    Gigantism
  22. What is a disease caused by excessive production of GH in adults that causes overgrowth of bones and soft tissue of the hands, feet, and face?
    Acromegaly
  23. What is an underproduction of thyroid hormone in childhood causing low metabolic rate, slow growth and mental retardation?
    Cretinism
  24. What disease is an overproduction of thyroid hormone in adults?
    graves disease
  25. What is a deficiency of adrenocortical hormones?
    Addison disease
  26. What disease is caused when the adrenal cortex oversecretes hormones, resulting in obesity, weakness, hypertension, and hyperglycemia. Also results from ingesting corticosteroids
    cushing syndrome
  27. what is the main disease of the insulin-producing pancreas?
    diabetes mellitus
  28. adren/o
    adrenal gland
  29. adrenocortic/o
    adrenal cortex
  30. calc/o
    calcium
  31. crin/o
    secrete
  32. endo-
    within
  33. hypophys/o
    pituitary gland
  34. kal/i
    potassium
  35. natr/o
    sodium
  36. parathyroid/o
    parathryroid gland
  37. thyr/o, thyroid/o
    thyroid gland
  38. -crine
    secrete
  39. -dipsia
    thirst
  40. -physis
    growth
  41. -tropic
    stimulating
  42. -tropin
    that which stimulates
  43. What stimulates the muscles of the uterus during the delivery of an infant and the muscles surrounding the mammary ducts to contract, releasing milk?
    oxytocin
  44. What regulates the metabolism of the body and normal growth and development and controls the amount of calcium deposited into bone?
    thyroid gland
  45. What is responsible for stimulating key cells in the immune response and is located in the mediastinum above the heart?
    thymus; secretes thymosin
  46. What are the female and male gonads?
    ovaries and testes
  47. What is located in the center of the brain and secretes melatonin responsible for sleep?
    pineal gland
  48. somat/o
    body
  49. toc/o
    delivery
  50. aden/o
    gland
  51. lact/o
    milk
  52. gen/o
    origin
  53. gluc/o, glyc/o
    sugar
  54. phys/o
    to grow
  55. vas/o
    vessel
  56. exo-
    outside
  57. hypo-
    under, below
  58. oxy-
    rapid
  59. phag/o
    to eat, swallow
  60. acr/o
    extremities
  61. -megaly
    enlargement
  62. orex/o
    appetite
  63. An enlargement of the thyroid gland
    goiter
  64. Measure of average blood glucose during a 3 month time span
    A1c
  65. ADH
    antidiuretic hormone
  66. ACTH
    adrenocorticotropic hormone
  67. T4
    thyroxine
  68. TSH
    thyroid stimulating hormone
  69. T3
    triiodothyronine
  70. OGTT
    oral glucose tolerance test
  71. FBS
    fasting blood sugar
  72. K
    Potassium
  73. Na
    sodium
  74. Ca
    calcium
  75. Ductless glands that secrete hormones and other secretions into the blood or lymph for circulation throughout the body?
    endocrine glands
  76. glands that secrete to the epithelial surface (sweat glands, mammary glands)
    exocrine glands
  77. organ containing receptors that cause it to react to certain hormones
    target organ
  78. depression in the sphenoid bone in the cranial cavity that holds the pituitary gland
    sella turcica
  79. outer portion of the adrenal gland that secretes steroids
    adrenal cortex
  80. portion of the adrenal gland that secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine
    adrenal medulla
  81. hormone that breaks down glucose to glycogen
    insulin
  82. pancreatic cells that produce insulin and cause the secretion of glucagon
    islets of langerhans
  83. large group of hormone-like substances responsible for the regulation of blood pressure, pain threshold, inflammation, and blood clotting
    prostaglandins
  84. disease caused by the release of insufficient antiduretic hormone fromthe posterior pituitary gland
    diabetes insipidus
  85. blood test indicating the glucose level after a period of fasting
    FPG fasting plasma glucose
  86. Located in the neck on both sides of the trachea and larynx and secretes calcitonin, thyroxine, and triiodothyronine
    thyroid gland
  87. located within connective tissue surrounding the thryroid gland
    parathyroid glands
  88. what is both an endocrine gland and a lymphatic organ?
    thymus
  89. as a person ages, what gland atrophies and and changes to fat and connective tissue
    thymus
  90. one who specilizes in endocrine disorders
    endocrinologist
  91. what kind of test is done to test for bone density
    ct scan
  92. In an A1c test, what is a nondiabetic range?
    4-6%
  93. In an A1c test, what level indicates that the diabetic management plan needs to be reviewed and changes made to medication, diet, or exercise?
    8-10%
  94. true or false; the higher the A1c results, the greater the chance that the patient will develop complications
    true
  95. process that causes the body to respond to undersecretion or oversecretion of an element; reduces or stops a stimulus
    negative feedback
  96. process that increases secretion of a hormone when needed; increases a stimulus
    positive feedback
  97. abnormal hairiness, especially in women
    hirsutism
  98. what are warning signs of diabetes mellitus type 1
    frequent urination, excessive thirst, excessive hunger, weight loss, unexplained irriatbility, N&V, unexplained weakness and fatigue
  99. What are some warning signs of diabetes mellitus type 2?
    frequent urination, excessive thirst, excessive hunger, overweight, drowsiness, blurred vision, numbness and tingling in hands and feet, slow healing, yeast infections, and itching
  100. what results from an underactive thryoid secretion in adults
    myxedema

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