Intro Nursing Ch 2

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Author:
cswett
ID:
89293
Filename:
Intro Nursing Ch 2
Updated:
2011-06-05 16:32:19
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Fundamentals Nursing
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Chapter 2 on Nursing Education
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  1. Nursing Education
    • 1. CNA - certified nursing assistant
    • 2. LPN - Licensed practice nurse
    • 3. Diploma nurse - not common anymore combo of LPN & AND
    • 4. ADN - Associate Degree Nurse
    • 5. Baccalaureate degree - leadership, teaching
    • 6. Master's degree - specialization - midwife, practictioner, anestitst
    • 7. Doctoral degree
    • 8. Continuing education
    • 9. In-service education - at workplace - procedures
  2. Nursing research
    • -a systematic, objective process of analyzing phenomena of importance in nursing
    • -encompasses all clinical practice arenas, nursing education, and nursing administration
  3. Educational preparation for nursing research
    • -associate degree and diploma in nursing
    • -baccalaureate degree in nursing
    • -masters degree in nursing
    • -doctorate degree in nursing or related field
  4. Ways to gain nursing knowledge
    • -trial and error plus common sense
    • -authority and tradition
    • -intuition and inspiration
    • -logical reasoning - check everything - is it logical?
  5. Scientific Method
    • -a process
    • -the researcher uses senses
    • -systematic data collection
    • -data are observable, verifiable
    • -purpose: to describe, explain, or predict events
  6. Quantitative research: Generalized to populations
    • -involves measurable data
    • - viewed as "hard" science
    • - uses deductive reasoning and measurable attributes of human experince
  7. Qualitative research: Focuses on lived experiences of people
    • -involves gathering thoughts & feelings from patient
    • -narritive & subjective
    • -understanding the human experience as it is lived
  8. Rights of Research Participants
  9. Informed consent
    • 1. right not to be harmed
    • 2. right to full disclosure
    • 3. right to self-determination
    • 4.can choose to stop participation
    • 5. rights to privacy and confidentiality - don't disclose personal information
    • Institutional review board - must be reviewed to protect participants
  10. Indentifying clinical nursing problems
    • 1. Experience
    • 2. Social issues
    • 3. Theories
    • 4. Ideas from others
    • 5. Nursing literature
  11. Analyzing research
    • What is the book, journal, or article about as a whole?
    • What is being said in detail, and how?
    • Is the book, journal, or article "true" in whole or part?
  12. Research Utilization
    the reason for conducting research is to establish evidence-based practice
  13. Evidence-based practice - EBP
    the use of some form of substantiation in maing clinical decisions - evidence can come from tradidion, authoirty, experience, trial and error, logic an reason, and research.
  14. dependnet variable
    behavior, characteristic, or outcome that the researcher whiched to explain or predict
  15. independent variable
    the presumed cause of or influence on the dependent variable
  16. hypothesis
    prediction of the relationship among two or more variables
  17. empirical data
    information collected from the observable world
  18. validity
    degree to which an instrument measures what it is supposed to measure
  19. reliability
    the degree of consistency with which an instrument measures a concept or variable

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