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  1. A way to abstract or generalize knowledge so that it can be applied to a variety of individual circumstances
  2. An unconcious and identified it as the most primitive part of the personality is?
  3. Model is based on concepts related to stress and reaction to stress?
    Betty Neuman's systems
  4. Freud's stages of Development are?
    • Oral - 0-12
    • Anal - 1-3
    • Phallic/oedipal 3-6
    • Latency - 6-11
    • Puberty - 11 year
  5. Piaget's Stage Theory of Cognitive Development?
    • Sensorimotor - 0-2 years
    • Preoperational thoughts - 2-7
    • Concrete operations - 7-11
    • Formal operatoins 11 years
  6. Oral gratification, sucking - mouth
    Freud's oral stage 0-12 mths
  7. Rectal gratification, control of bowel movements - potty trained
    Freud's anal stage - 1-3 years
  8. Genital fixation and concentration - discovers themselves, love of opposite parent
    Freud's phallic/oediapal stage 3-6 years
  9. Repression of sexual feelings and memories - involved w/ toys or different sexes
    Freud's latency stage 6-11 years
  10. Rise in sexual energy, indepedence from parents - primitive desire or pleasure
    Freud's Puberty stage 11 year's on
  11. Development of trust - LOVE
    Erikson's trust vs mistrust 0-18 mths
  12. Exercise of chocie & Self-determination - mine, mine
    Erikson's autonomy vs shame and doubt 18mths- 3 yrs
  13. Exploration and daring - MOVE
    Erikson's intiative vs guilt 3-6 years
  14. Mastery of social and cognitive skills - I want to be w/ my friends
    Erikson's industry vs inferiority 6-11 years
  15. Development of identity - who am I
    Erikson's Identitiy vs role confusion 11-20 years
  16. Mutuality and intimancy with aother person - Falling in Love
    Erikson's intimacy vs isolation 18-25 years
  17. Productivity through caring for and guiding children - CARING
    Erikson's generativity vs stanation 21-45 years
  18. Internal struggle and life review - did I do everything that I wanted to do?
    Erikson's ego integrity vs despair 45 years to death
  19. Eight important concepts for understanding the basis of social pyschiatry are:
    • 1. Social causation
    • 2. Community and family causation
    • 3. Tx & rehabilitation
    • 4. Prevention
    • 5. Governmental and community program
    • 6. Cultural influences
    • 7. Social control mechanisms
    • 8. Possible existence of a sick society
  20. what are freud's stages of development
    • -oral stage (0-12)
    • -anal stage (1-3)
    • -phallic stage (3-6)
    • -latency stage (6-11)
    • -puberty (11 up)
  21. what are erikson's stages of development?
    • -trust vs. mistrust (0-18)
    • -autonomy vs. shame and doubt (18 m-3 years)
    • -initiative vs. guilt ( 3-6 yrs)
    • -industry vs. inferiority (6-11)
    • -identity vs. role confusion (11-20)
    • -intimacy vs. isolation ( 18-25)
    • -generativity vs. stagnation (21-45)
    • -ego integrity vs. despair (45 yrs - death)
  22. what are piaget's stage theory of cognitive development?
    • -sensorimotor intelligence
    • -preoperational thought
    • -concrete operations
    • -formal operations
  23. who described nursing as a therapeutic interpersonal relationship between pT and nurse
    hildegard peplau
  24. what is peplau's 3 phases of interpersonal relationship
    • orientation (meeting)
    • working phase ( response to Tx)
    • termination (resolution)
  25. Theorist: nursing theory based on relationships
    hildegard peplau
  26. theorist: theory based on caring
    jean watson
  27. states caring is the domain of nursing and curing is the domain of medicine
    jean watson
  28. theorist who differentiated between nursing and medicine
    jean watson
  29. what does jean watson believe caring increases
    healing and wholeness
  30. what does jean watsons manifestation of caring moment include
    • healing
    • harmony
    • diversity
    • wholeness
  31. theorist with a curative approach that involves spiritual concepts
    jean watson
  32. systems model is based on concepts related to stress and reaction to stress
    betty neumann
  33. system that functions with repeating cycles of input, throughput, output, and feedback exchanges with the environment
    open system
  34. betty neuman system model includes what variables
    • physiological
    • psychological
    • sociocultural
    • developmental
    • spiritual
  35. variable that deals with th ebony and ts structure and function
  36. variable that involves social and cultural interactions and expectations
  37. variable that involves mental relationships and processes
  38. variable that deals with developmental processes and needs as the system matures
  39. the least understood variable that deals with spiritual beliefs
  40. neumans three types of environment
    • internal
    • external
    • created
  41. environment that consists of those forces and factors and influences that occur within boundaries
  42. environment that occurs outside boundaries
  43. environment that symbolizes wholeness and exchange between internal and external environments
  44. stressors or factors that place a demand on the system
  45. 3 type of prevention
    • primary
    • secondary
    • tertiary
  46. type of prevention that deals with health promotion activities and immunozations
  47. type of prevention that deals with existing problems
  48. prevention that seeks support
  49. psychoanalytic theorist
    sigmund freud
  50. goal of the id
    • minimize pain
    • maximize pleasure
  51. freuds personality concepts
    • id
    • superego
    • ego
  52. personality concept that contains impressions and impulses that have been repressed and not accessible through the conscious mind
  53. conscious, serves to delay immediate impulse by the id to bring rationality into consideration before the ego
  54. personality concept of self
  55. personality concept that depresses and derives own energy from id; achieves a balance
  56. what are personality concepts subject to?
  57. term for sexual energy
  58. theorist that believed in penis envy
  59. psychosexual stage that is described as the lull before the storm
  60. maintaining a preoccupation with the pleasures associated with a stage
  61. occurs when one reverts to the pleasures of an earlier stage during times of frustration
  62. when a child seeks comfort in thumb sucking when upset or an adult getting comfort from food when upset are examples of
  63. psychosocial theorist
    erik erikson
  64. created the theory of child development and social growth
  65. process of thinking knowing and percieving
  66. cognitive development theorist
    jean piaget
  67. involves taking in experiences from the environment
  68. occurs when what is taken in from the environment does not match a persons existing structure or information
  69. process of placing ones ideas into a coherent state or order
  70. humanistic theorists
    • abraham maslow (basic needs theory)
    • b.f skinner (behavioral psychlogy)
  71. proposed a hierarchy of needs to explain motives for human behavior
  72. maslows five hierarchy levels
    • physiological (food, air, sleep, sex)
    • safety and security
    • love and belonging
    • esteem and self esteem
    • self actualization ( money, house)
  73. undesirable behaviors that is a result of withdrawal of attention
  74. theorist that believed in positive and negative reinforcement
Card Set:
2011-06-09 15:53:53
mental health

mental health
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