a&e chapter10 endocrine medic12

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a&e chapter10 endocrine medic12
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a&e chapter10 endocrine medic12
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  1. anterior pituitary hormones accronym
    F L A T P I P
  2. list the anterior pituitary hormones
    • 1) Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
    • 2) Luteinizing hormone (LH)
    • 3) Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
    • 4) Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
    • 5) Prolactin (PRL)
    • 6) Ignore - Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH)
    • 7) Growth hormone (GH)
  3. list the posterior pituitary hormones
    • 1) Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
    • 2) Oxytocin
  4. list the posterior pituitary hormones
    • 1) Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
    • 2) Oxytocin
  5. Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
    • Target: Thyroid gland
    • Hormonal effects: secretion of thyroid hormones
  6. Target: Thyroid gland
    Hormonal effects: secretion of thyroid hormones
    Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
  7. Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
    • Target: Adrenal cortex
    • Hormonal effects: Glucocorticoid secretion (cortisol, corticosterone)
  8. Target: Adrenal cortex
    Hormonal effects: Glucocorticoid secretion (cortisol, corticosterone)
    Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
  9. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
    (Gonadotropins)
    • Target: 1)Follicle cells of ovaries 2)Sustentacular cells of testes
    • Hormonal effects: 1)Estrogen secretion, follicle development 2)Sperm maturation
  10. Target: 1)Follicle cells of ovaries 2)Sustentacular cells of testes
    Hormonal effects: 1)Estrogen secretion, follicle development 2)Sperm maturation
    • Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
    • (Gonadotropins)
  11. Luteinizing hormone (LH)
    • Target: 1)Follicle cells of ovaries 2)Interstitial cells of testes
    • Hormonal effects: 1)Ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, & progesterone secretion 2)Testosterone secretion
  12. Target: 1)Follicle cells of ovaries 2)Interstitial cells of testes
    Hormonal effects: 1)Ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, & progesterone secretion 2)Testosterone secretion
    Luteinizing hormone (LH)
  13. Prolactin (PRL)
    • Target: Mammary glands
    • Hormonal effects: Production of milk
  14. Target: Mammary glandsHormonal effects: Production of milk
    Prolactin (PRL)
  15. Growth hormone (GH)
    • Target: all cells
    • Hormonal effects: Grown, protein synthesis, lipid mobilization & catabolism
  16. Target: all cells
    Hormonal effects: Grown, protein synthesis, lipid mobilization & catabolism
    Growth hormone (GH)
  17. Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH)
    • Target: Melanocytes of skin
    • Hormonal effects: Increased melanin synthesis in epidermis
  18. Target: Melanocytes of skin
    Hormonal effects: Increased melanin synthesis in epidermis
    Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH)
  19. Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
    • Target: Kidneys
    • Hormonal effects: Reabsorption of water, elevation of blood volume & presure
  20. Target: Kidneys
    Hormonal effects: Reabsorption of water, elevation of blood volume & presure
    Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
  21. Oxytocin
    • Target: 1)Uterus, mammary glands (females) 2)Sperm duct & prostate gland (males)
    • Hormonal effects: 1) Labor contractions, milk ejection 2) Contractions of sperm duct & prostate gland
  22. Target: 1)Uterus, mammary glands (females) 2)Sperm duct & prostate gland (males)
    Hormonal effects: 1) Labor contractions, milk ejection 2) Contractions of sperm duct & prostate gland
    Oxytocin
  23. The sodium potassium exchange pump maintains a gradient of sodium & postassium ions across the cell
    membrane. What is more concentrated inside the cell?
    Potasium
  24. Potasium
    The sodium potassium exchange pump maintains a gradient of sodium & postassium ions across the cell membrane. What is more concentrated inside the cell?
  25. The sodium potassium exchange pump maintains a gradient of sodium & postassium ions across the cell
    membrane. What is more concentrated outside the cell?
    sodium
  26. sodium
    The sodium potassium exchange pump maintains a gradient of sodium & postassium ions across the cell membrane. What is more concentrated outside the cell?
  27. For each ATP molecule consumed by a Sodium-Potassium exchange pump, what & how many molecules are pumped out(ejected) & what & how many molecules are pumped in(reclaimed)?
    3 sodium ions ejected & 2 potassium ions reclaimed
  28. 3 sodium ions ejected & 2 potassium ions reclaimed
    • For each ATP molecule consumed by a Sodium-Potassium exchange pump, what & how many molecules are pumped out(ejected) & what & how
    • many molecules are pumped in(reclaimed)?
  29. visceral layer
    portion of a serous membrane that covers a visceral organ
  30. portion of a serous membrane that covers a visceral organ
    visceral layer
  31. parietal layer
    opposing layer to the xxxx layer that lines the inner surface of the body wall or chamber
  32. opposing layer to the xxxx layer that lines the inner surface of the body wall or chamber
    parietal layer
  33. HYPOTHYROIDISM
    (signs/symptoms thyroid disease)
    • 1) fatique
    • 2) weight gain
    • 3) cold intolerance
    • 4) skin dry
    • 5) hair dryness &/or loss
    • 6) depression
    • 7) dementia
    • 8) muscle cranps & myalgia
    • 9) bradycardia
    • 10) constipation
    • 11) infertility
    • 12) edema
    • 13) menstrual irregularity (hypermenorrhea common)
  34. HYPERTHYROIDISM
    (signs/symptoms thyroid disease)
    • 1) fatigue
    • 2) weight loss
    • 3) heat intolerance
    • 4) skin moist (hyperhidrous)
    • 5) hair fine & silky
    • 6) nervousness
    • 8) insomnia
    • 9) tremor
    • 10) muscle weakness
    • 11) dyspnea
    • 12) tachycardia
    • 13) paplatations
    • 14) hyperdefecation
    • 15) Menstrual irregularity (hypermenorrhea common)
  35. Cells of the Thyroid Gland & Parathyroid Glands
    • 1) Follicular epithelium (thyroid)
    • 2) C cells (thyroid)
    • 3) Chief cells (parathyroids)
  36. follicular epithelium cells
    • hormones: 1)thyroxine (T4) 2)triiodothyronine (T3)
    • targets: most cells
    • homonal effects: increased energy utilization, O2 consumption, growth, & development
  37. C cells
    • hormone: calcitonin (CT)
    • targets: bone, kidneys
    • hormonal effects: decreased calcium concentrations in body fluids
  38. chief cells
    • hormone: parathyroid hormone (PTH)
    • targets: bone, kidneys
    • hormonal effects: increased calcium concentrations in body fluid
  39. hormones of adrenal cortex
    • Mineralocorticoids
    • 1) aldosterone (primarily)
    • Glucocorticoids
    • 1) cortisol (hydrocortisone)
    • 2) corticosterone
    • 3) cortisone
    • Androgens
  40. Mineralocorticoids
    • target: kidneys
    • effect: 1) increased reabsorption of sodium ions & water by the kidneys
    • 2) accelerates urinary loss of potassium ions
  41. Glucocorticoids
    • target: most cells
    • effects:
    • 1) release of amino acids from skeletal muscles & lipids from adipose tissue
    • 2) promotes liver formation of glycogen & glucose
    • 3) promotes peripheral use of lipids
    • 4) anti-inflammatory effects
  42. hormones of adrenal medulla
    • 1) epinephrine (E, adrelaline)
    • 2) norepinephrine (NE, noradrenaline)
  43. Epinephrine & Norepinephrine
    • target: most cells
    • effects:
    • 1) increased cardiac activity
    • 2) increased BP
    • 3) glycogen breakdown
    • 4) blood glucose levels
    • 5) release of lipids by adipose tissue

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