Card Set Information
The emotion felt when one violates a social convention, thereby drawing unexpected social attention and motivating submissive, friendly behavior that should appease other people.
~~~Sabini & colleagues~~~
Study on experiences that evoke embarrassment
2. Center of Attn.
3. Sticky situation
Being embarrassed in sympathy for someone else who we see is embarrassed or who we think should be embarrassed.
Expression of Shame/Guilt
Includes lowered eyes and a hunched posture, similar to expression of embarrassment
Definition of Shame
The negative emotion felt when one fails or does something morally wrong and focuses on one's own global, stable inadequacies in explaining the transgression.
Definition of GUILT
The negative emotion felt when one fails or does something morally wrong but focuses on how to make amends & how to avoid repeating the transgression.
~~~Covert et al. (2003)~~~
Study of the interpersonal problem-solving skills shown by shame-prone vs. guilt-prone people
The emotion felt when someone takes credit for causing a positive outcome that supports a positive aspect of his or her self-concept.
Expression of Pride
A person tilts the head back slightly, sits/stands tall, & puts arms above head/hands on hips
: Prevent ostracism
: Warning cue
Motivates reparation of social interaction
Deters socially unfavorable actions
: Aware of misconduct, meant no harm
Often done through non-verbal channels
Non-Verbal displays of appease
Look down & left
Avert eyes 1/2 sec before smile apex
75% of time this happens
Threat/fear of unwanted/negative social evaluation
Must UNDERSTAND & CARE about others' evaluation of self
Disruption of smooth social interaction
: Happy Birthday
Loss of coherent self-presentational script
Happens regardless of others' evaluation
--judgment doesn't matter
Must be aware that there is a "self" & "others"
---Occurs much later than other emotions
Ability to recognize "the self"
~~~Lewis et. al.~~~
*wanted to find correlation btwn. self-referential behavior & embarrassment
Mirror-Dot task--->Does infant recognize self?
< 15 months
: NO self-recognition
: 75% touch own nose
: 100% touch own nose
~~Leary et. al (1996)~~~
-embarrassment (sing "Feelings)
-control (listen to "Feelings")
2) Expression (1st S-R)
: 2nd S-R
--Those who didn't have a chance to express embarrassment to others now show most emb.
--Public embarrassment = control
: Expression of embarrassment may help get rid of that emotion
: High emb. (dance, laugh, sing, tantrum)
low emb. (listen, walk, read, count)
: # days in 2nd study
Hi emb. willing to volunteer for significantly more # days to fill out survey for 1/2 hour each day.
: People have an urge to save face
~~~Semin & Manstead (1982)~~~
Subjects view films of man knocking over display
Embarrassment vs. Calm Response
: Viewers liked when he showed emb.
~~~Medical Care Study~~~
: 1. Delay/Not seek medical attn?
--emb. to talk to doc, get an exam, trivial
: 56% delayed/avoided care
: #1= Fear of trivial (35%)
#2= Afraid to talk to doc (28%)
Emb. more frequently an obstacle for women
Poor socio-economic status correlated w/emb.