Card Set Information
Nurse's responsibility in CARING for a client for general diagnostic procedure:
Report to Practioner
Measured substances are?
The procedure for 24-hour urine collection are
-instruct client to void
-discard first specimen
-begin timing after first void is discarded
-save urine for 24 hours on ice or refrigeration
Steps for x-ray procedures are:
check for asthma, iodine allergy, pregnancy
Explain the procedure
Prepare client as ordered ( remove clothing and jewelry)
No specific postprocedure care is required
Administer an analgesic, especially for an arthritic client --page 631
The common sites for a bone marrow puncture are?
Iliac crest (side lying) & Sternum (supine)
This test identifies anemias, cancers such as multiple myeloma, leukemia or Hodgkin's disease is?
Bone Marrow Aspiration / Biopsy
Performed to withdraw fluid that has abnormally collected or to obtain a specimen is?
The study of cells?
Folic acid normal range is?
Magnesium (Mg++) normal levels are?
Chloride (CI-) normal range?
Sodium (Na+) normal range is?
Potassium (K+) normal levels?
Phosphate (PO4--) normal levels?
Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) normal levels?
Hemoglobin (Hgb) normla levels?
: 14-18 g/dL
: 12-16 g/dL
Red blood cells (RBCs) normal levels?
: 4.6-6.2 million/mm 3
White blood cells (WBCs) normal levels?
The different urine collections are?
Collection from a Cosed Dainage System
Clean void specimen
Laboratory tests are ordered by to practioner to:
Detect and quantify future disease risk
Establish or exclude diagnoses
Assess the disease process severity & formulate prognosis
Guide intervention selection
Monitor the progress of this disorder
Monitor tx effectiveness
Nurse's responsibility in PREPARING a client for a general diagnostic procedure?
ensure ID band and understanding
To ACCURATELY assess the client's diagnostic response
take vital signs before and after
Arterial blood is drawn from?
peripheral artery (i.e. radial or femoral) or from arterial line. page 607
Before a procedure the nurse must?
Obtain baseline vital signs & assess client's preparation for the test
After a procedure, assess the client for
procedural complication & prepare any nursing interventions
Lumbar puncture (LP) is also known as a?
A needle is inserted into the subarachnoid space to measure cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure and/or obtain a specimen is
For a lumbar puncture keep the client flat in bed after specimen is obtained for
timed collection is also known as:
24 hour urine collection
steps for bone marrow aspiration
instruct that pressure will be felt during aspiration
remain in bed for 1 hour