Questions about smaller, yet important works of music.
What is the first complete setting of the items of the Ordinary?
Messe de Notre Dame
Who wrote the Messe de Notre Dame?
Guillaume de Machaut
In the Messe de Notre Dame, how are the Kyrie, Sanctus, Agnus Dei, and Ite missa est similar?
They are melismatic with a setting of the cantus firmus.
What is the style of the Gloria and Credo of the Messe de Notre Dame?
They have a syllabic style reminiscent of the 13th century conductus.
What is significant about the use of cantus firmus in the Messe de Notre Dame?
Machaut uses cf based on appropriate Gregorian melodies rather than cf from outside the liturgy.
Who coined the terms "Ars Nova" and "Ars Antiqua?"
Phillipe de Vitry
Who wrote "Ordo virtutum"?
Hildegard von Bingen
What musical genre is Hildegard's "Ordo virtutum?
morality play/sacred drama
What is the name of Hildegard von Bingen's morality play?
What is the name of the three-volume collection of Hildegard von Bingen's visions as set in poetry and music?
What genre of music is found in Hildegard's "Symphonia armonie?"
77 monophonic chants
What is typical about the texts found in Machaut's motets?
They combine French texts about the anguishes of love with fragments of Gregorian chant.
Who wrote the motet "De souspirant cuer dolent/Tous corps qui de bien amer/Suspiro"?
Name a motet by Machaut.
De souspirant cuer dolent/Tous corps qui de bien amer/Suspiro
Name a motet by de Vittry.
Petre clemens/Lugentium siccentur/Non est inventus
Who wrote "Petre clemens/Lugentium siccentur/Non est inventus"?
Who wrote "Venecie, mundi splendor/Michael, qui stena domus/Italie mundicie?"
What two compositional devices can be found in Ciconia's "Venecie, mundi splendor/Michael, qui stena domus/Italie mundicie?"
Hocket and his signature.
What is the earliest tenor mass known in complete form?
Power's Missa Alma redemptoris mater
What unifying compositional element is found in Power's Missa Alma redemptoris mater?
all four movements (no Kyrie) use a strictly recurring isorhythmic tenor
Power's Missa Alma redemptoris mater is similar to Dunstaple's Missa Da gaudiorum premia?
They have an identical tenor layout
Name four sources of early organum.
St. Martial, Santiago de Compostela, Chartres, and Winchester Troper
What are the St. Martial, Santiago de Compostela, Chartre, and Winchester Troper?
Major collections of early organum.
What composer is associated with the Magnus liber organa?
What major collection of early Notre Dame organum is associated with Leonin?
Magnus liber organa
What are the two main sections or clausulae of the early organum from the Notre Dame school?
Organal and discant clausulae
Perotin wrote hundreds of this type of clausula that are to be used with Leonin's organum.
Substitute discant clausula
How many voices were used in the organum in the Magnus liber organa?
Give an example of a tenor-cantus firmus motet by Ockeghem.
Alma redemptoris mater
Ockegehem's "Alma redepmtoris mater" is an example of what type of musical genre?
tenor-cantus firmus motet
What are the three types of early Renaissance motets?
Tenor-cantus firmus, song, and isorhythmic
What are the characteristics of the song motet?
3 voices, treble dominated (stratified 1+2), highly consonant harmonic fabric, Marian texts (including song of Solomon), and was probably based on improvisational styles.
Give an example of a song motet by Dunstaple.
Quam pulchra est
Dunstaple's "Quam pulchra est" is an example of what type of musical form?
Give an example of a song motet by Dufay.
Ave regina caelorum a3
Dufay's "Ave regina caelorum a3" is an example of what form.
Give an example of isorhythmic motet by Dunstaple.
Veni sancte spiritus
Dunstaple's "Veni sancte spiritus" is an example of what type of musical form?
Early Renaissance isorhythmic motet.
Give an example of a motet by Josquin.
Ave maria virgo serena
Who composed the EVIP motet, Ave maria virgo serena?
Describe the style of Monteverdi's first two books of madrigals.
Ornamented style of Marenzio
How is book 3 of Monteverdi's madrigals different than the previous two books?
More serious and influenced by de Wert, more interest in text being intelligible, more interest in painting emotional mean and not just visual images.
Name a parody mass by Victoria.
O magnum mysterium
What important work by Willaert began the polychoral tradition?
Psalms for Vespers
Willaert's Psalms for Vespers influenced what important motet style.
What is the collection of English isorythmic mass segments from the early Renaissance?
Old Hall Manuscript
Name two composers from the Old Hall Manuscript.
John Dunstaple and Leonel Power
What type of compositional style is used in the mass segments of the Old Hall Manuscript?
Give an example of a mass by Leonel Power.
Missa Alma redemptoris mater
"Missa Alma redemptoris mater" is by what early renaissance English composer?
Give an example of an early renaissance cyclic cf mass by Dufay?
Missa Se la face ay pale
The cyclic cf in Dufay's "Missa Se la face ay pale" is based on what?
His chanson of the same name.
Give an example of a canonic mass.
Missa Prolationem by Ockeghem
What type of mass is the "Missa Prolationem?"
Name two masses by Victoria and identify their compositional style?
O magnum mysterium (parody) and De Beata Maria Virgine (paraphrase)
Give an example of a mass that empoys soggetto cavato.
Willaert's Missa ut mi sol.
Missa L'homme armés by Josquin is an example of what type of middle renaissance mass?
What two masses by Josquin are examples of the middle renaissance CF mass?
Misss L'homme armés
Give an example of a parody mass by Josquin?
Missa Pange Lingua
Who wrote the 1st generation renaissance chanson "Mon cuer me fait?"
Who wrote the parody mass, "Missa pange Lingua," in the middle renaissance?
Give an example of a program chansons?
Jannequin's La Guerre
Janequin's La Guerre is what type of Parisian chansons?
Give an example of a parody mass from the middle renaissance?
Josquin's "Missa pange lingua"
Identify a Parisian chanson by Claude de Sermisy.
La, la, la, je ne l'ose dire
Who wrote the chanson, "La, la, la, je ne l'ose dire?"
Claude de sermisy
Name a Parisian chanson by Orlando di Lasso.
Bon jour, mon coeur
Who wrote the chanson, "Bon jour, mon coeur?"
Roland de Lassus
Give an example of an early Italian madrigal.
Jacques Arcadelt "Il bianco e dolce cigno"
Arcadelt's "Il biano e dolce cigno" is an example of what genre of music?
Early Italian madrigal
Name an example of the serious style of middle renaissance Italian madrigal.
"Anchor che col partire" by Cipriano de Rore
"Anchor che col partire" by Cipriano de Rore is an example of what genre of music?
The serious style of middle renaissance Italian madrigal
Identify an Italian hybrid madrigal from the middle Renaissance?
"Amor, vittorioso" by Gastoldi
Give an example of an Italian musical comedy from the middle renaissance.
L'ampfiparnaso of 1597 by Vecchi
Identify a late Italian madrigal written in the ornamented style.
Gia torna by Luca Marenzio
What is an example of an late Italian madrigal written in the expressionist/"mannerist" style?
"Moro lasso" by Don Carlo Gesualdo
Give an example of a late Italian madrigal written in the recitational style.
Tirsi morir volea by Giaches de Wert
What work by Monteverdi employs three distinct compositional styles: stile antico, solo motet monody, and mixed concertato?
Vespers of 1610
Monteverdi's Vespers of 1610 use what three distinct compositional styles?
stile antico, solo motet monody, and mixed concertato
Give an example of a musical characteristic in Carrisimi's Jephte that was popular at the time.
What was Giacomo Carissimi's most famous oratorio?
What accompanying instruments were used in Carissimi's oratorios?
Continuo, or 2 violins and continuo
Give an example of a dialogue by Cavalieri.
Rappresentazione de anima de corpo
Describe the length of an early oratorio (i.e. Carissimi).
One musical structure of small sections connected together
Name a collection by Schütz where you could find duets with basso continuo?
Kleine Geistliche Konzert
What are the performing forces in Schütz's
Name two works by Heinrich Schütz that were impacted by the Thirty Years War.
Kleine Geistliche Konzert and Musikiliches Exequien
What is the name of the nine-part collection of over 1200 chorale-based works by Michael Praetorius?
What compositional styles are employed in Musae Sioniae by Praetorius?
Vol 1-4 are poly-choral, later volumes are simpler
What are two examples of works by Schütz in the polychoral motet style?
Psalmen Davids & Symphoniae Sacrae III
Psalmen Davids & Symphoniae Sacrae III by Schütz are examples of works in what style?
Give an example of a work by Schütz in the German stile antico motet style?
Geistliches Chormusik by Schütz is an example of what style?
German stile antico motet
Name an example of a work by Schütz in the Latin stile antico style.
Cantiones sacrae by Schütz is an example of what style?
Latin stile antico motet
Identify two examples of German smaller scale works by Schütz.
Kleine Geistliches Konzert and Symphoniae Sacre II
Kleine Geistliches Konzert and Symphoniae Sacre II by Schütz are examples of what style of music?
German smaller-scale works
What is an example of a smaller-scale Latin work by Schütz?
Symphoniae Sacrae 1
What are the styles of each of the Symphoniae Sacrae by Schütz?
1=Latin small-scale work, 2=German small-scale work, and 3=polychoral motet
Itdentify the responsorial passion written by Schütz.
St. Luke, St. John, and St. Matthew
What holidays do the historia by Schütz celebrate?
Christmas and Easter
What musical characteristics are associated with the Pre-Weimar period cantatas of J. S. Bach?
Old-fashioned: no recit, five-part French string scoring
What is the major difference between the Pre-Weimar cantatas and the Weimar cantatas of Bach?
Source of text: Pre-Weimar=Biblical and chorale, Weimar=from printed collections, esp. Salomon Franck
What are the musical characteristics of Bach's cantatas from the First Leipzig Jahrgang?
Elaborate opening movements, but little use of chorale except in last movement
What are the musical characteristics of Bach's cantatas from the Second Leipzig Jahrgang?
Chorale cantatas: 1st mvmt-elaborate chorale fantasia, using melody and text of the 1st verse; Final mvmt-simple 4-part chorale setting of same chorale w/ last v. of text; Interior mvmts-based on interior verses, paraphrased or re-written as recits and arias
The authenticity of which J. S. Bach motet is in question?
Lobet den Herren
Describe the general musical characteristics of J. S. Bach's motets.
Closely related to stile antico, largely imitative, no independent instruments except for continuo, many are polychoral
Name each of the Missa Brevis by J. S. Bach.
F, A, G, and g minor
Give an example of a full anthem by Henry Purcell.
Hear My Prayer, O Lord
Name a verse anthem composed by Purcell.
Rejoice in the Lord Always
Identify an example of an ode by Purcell.
Come, come ye sons of art
What six masses are associated with Haydn's early mass period?
Missa Brevis in F, Great Organ Mass, St. Cecilia Mass, St. Nicholas Mass, Little Organ Mass, Mariazell Mass
Describe the treatment in the solo writing in the early Haydn masses.
Very simple or none at all
Identify Mozart's first four complete masses.
1. Waisenhausemesse, 2. Missa Brevis in G, 3. Missa Brevis in d, and 4. Dominicus Mass