Science Final

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stargirlm123
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89509
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Science Final
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2011-06-13 18:47:21
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Science Final
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Science Final (6/14/11) Ch.8-15 skip 14
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  1. Where do amphibians live (type of environment?)
    Wet and warm places
  2. If an animal is an ectotherm, it has a body that does not.....
    produce much internal heat
  3. An animal whose body temperature does not change with the environment is called....
    an endotherm
  4. How do fish reproduce?
    External fertilization
  5. What type of fish is a lamprey?
    a jawless fish
  6. What is the function of a swim bladder?
    to control buoyancy
  7. How many chambers are in an adult amphibians' heart?
    3
  8. How is a reptile egg different from an amphibian egg?
    it has a soft leathery shell
  9. What does the backbone protect in the vertebrate?
    the spinal cord
  10. When the temperature of the environment changes, Reptiles and amphibians temperature....
    changes
  11. What are sharks skeletons made of?
    cartilage
  12. How is a bivalve protected?
    By 2 shells held together by hinges and strong muscles
  13. How does a bivalve obtain food?
    Filtering it from the water
  14. How do cephalopods move?
    By using jet propulsion
  15. How is the body of a spider arranged?
    2 body sections and no antennae
  16. Why does molting occur?
    When a nymph outgrows it's exoskeleton
  17. What symmetry does an echinoderm have?
    5 part radial symmetry
  18. What is an example of a echinoderm?
    starfish, sea urchin
  19. How does an echinoderm use its water vascular system?
    To capture food and move
  20. What is the main function of the radula of a mollusk?
    to scrap food from the surface
  21. What is a characteristic of a millipede?
    2 pairs of leg on each segment
  22. How does a grasshopper get oxygen?
    through its skin
  23. The group of mollusks with the most complex nervous system is....
    cephalopods
  24. What is the function of tube feet?
    They are suction cups that help the animal move
  25. How many chambers does a bird's heart have?
    4
  26. How do hollow bones help a bird?
    They help the bird fly
  27. What structure help the bird get enough oxygen?
    air sacs
  28. The earliest mammals were....
    small, mouse-sized animals
  29. A large muscle that allows mammals to breath is called....
    diaphragm
  30. What is an incisor used for?
    to penetrate food
  31. What are canines used for?
    to bite and tear into food
  32. What are premolars and molars used for?
    To grind food into small pieces
  33. Which type of mammal lays eggs?
    monotreme
  34. What is an example of a monotreme?
    duck-billed platypus (Platipie.... ? (Ryan Higa))
  35. What is an example of a placental mammal?
    human, dolphin, bear, coyote, dog, cat, whale, mouse,
  36. What is the function of a placenta?
    to pass materials between the mother and the embroyo
  37. When a bird's wing moves through the air, the air pressure on the wing is less ___________ the wing.
    above the wing
  38. What is the name of an upward force that allows a bird to fly?
    lift
  39. What characteristic is used to classify an animal as a monotreme, marsupial or placental mammal?
    the way young develop
  40. What is the difference between a monotreme, a marsupial or a placental mammal?
    • monotreme: lays eggs
    • Marsupial: live young, but finishes developing in the mother's pouch
    • Placental: live birth, born fully functional
  41. What is a gestation period?
    the time between fertilization and birth
  42. What type of feathers give a bird it's shape?
    contour feathers
  43. What type of feathers keep the bird warm?
    down feathers
  44. The Cnidarian body plan that is shaped like a bowl is called a .........
    medusa
  45. The process by which a new organism forms from the joining of an egg cell and a sperm cell is called....
    sexual reproduction
  46. What is bilateral symmetry?
    One line that can be draw to divide the animal into mirror halves
  47. How does a sponge gather food?
    By trapping it with pores
  48. What feeding behavior do cnidarians exhibit?
    carnivore
  49. How does a cnidarian capture food?
    stinging it with venom and paralyzing it (JELLYFISH..... grrrrrrrrrr)
  50. What is a vase-shaped cnidarian?
    polyp
  51. How does a roundworm's digestion work?
    food enters the body and wastes leave the body through the same opening
  52. A segmented worm has a _________ circulatory system.
    closed
  53. What group of worms do Planaria belong to?
    flatworms
  54. What is the main function of leaves?
    Photosynthesis
  55. What happens in Phloem?
    Food moves down
  56. How does Germination begin?
    When a seed absorbs water
  57. How do gases pass in and out of a leaf?
    through stomata
  58. What part of a woody stem produces new vascular tissue?
    cambium
  59. Where does the zygote of a gymnosperm develop?
    in the ovule
  60. What is a characteristic of all angiosperms?
    They all produce fruits
  61. What are a flower's female reproductive parts called?
    Pistils
  62. What part of a flower becomes fruit?
    the ovary
  63. What are the 4 characteristics of Monocots?
    One cotyledon, Parallel veins, scattered bundles of vascular tissue, flower parts in 3's
  64. What are the 4 characteristics of Dicots?
    2 cotyledons, branching veins, circle of vascular tissue, flower parts in 4's or 5's
  65. What characteristic do all gymnosperms share?
    They produce naked seeds
  66. What are the reproductive structures of gymnosperms called?
    cones
  67. What is the process called where water evaporates from a plants leaves?
    transpiration
  68. As the seeds of an angiosperm develop, the ovary changes into a ___________?
    fruit (Angie from george lopez is nice and sweet and caring.... she GIVES FRUITS)
  69. How does having a tasty, nutritious fruit help a plant?
    Animals will eat it and then disperse the seeds
  70. What is the stomach lines with?
    Epithelial tissue
  71. What is homeostasis?
    The body's ability to maintain a stable internal temperature even if the outside temperature changes.
  72. What is a newborn baby mostly made of?
    Cartilage
  73. Why is a newborn made of mostly cartilage?
    So it can pass through the birth canal
  74. What is the structure of a bone? From the outside to the inside
    outer membrane, compact bone, marrow, and spongy bone at the end of bones
  75. What type of joint allows the most movement?
    ball and socket
  76. Name the 5 different types of joints.
    Hinge, ball and socket, immovable, pivot, gliding
  77. What type of muscle tires quickly during exercises?
    skeletal muscles
  78. How do pairs of skeletal muscles work together?
    while one muscle in the pair contracts, the other returns to its original length
  79. Where are the nerves, blood vessels, and hair follicles located?
    in the dermis
  80. What type of muscle controls digestion?
    involuntary muscle
  81. What type of joint is a ankle?
    Ball and socket
  82. What type of joint is the skull?
    immovable
  83. What is vascular tissue?
    internal system of tubelike structures through which water and food move inside in the plant
  84. What is the the fertilized egg in plants called?
    zygote
  85. What is a nonvascular plant?
    A plant that lacks vascular tissue, low growing plants
  86. What is the gametophyte stage?
    when the plant produces 2 types of sex cells or gametes (sperm and egg cells)
  87. What is a Liverwort?
    Names for the shape of it's body, a non-vascular plant, found growing as a thick crust on rocks
  88. What are characteristics of Ferns?
    They have vascular tissue and use spores to reproduce
  89. What are ferns' leaves called?
    fronds
  90. What is an example of a segmented worm?
    earthworm
  91. Water enters a sponge through the opening called...
    a pore
  92. What phylum do sponges belong to?
    porifera
  93. At the beginning of its life, a coral is a...
    free-swimming larva
  94. What are the 3 major groups of worms?
    roundworms, segmented, flat
  95. A hydra is an example of a Canadian with the ______ body plan.
    polyp
  96. Plants are ______ that contain many cells.
    Eukaryotes
  97. Photosynthesis in plants produces....
    sugar and oxygen
  98. The raw materials in photosynthesis are....
    carbon dioxide and water
  99. The adaptation that helps plants retain water is the.....
    cuticle
  100. What stage produces the egg and sperm cells during the life cycle of a plant?
    gametophyte
  101. Where does sphagnum moss grow?
    bogs
  102. How do nonvascular plants differ from vascular plants?
    how they transport water and nutrients
  103. The part of the moss that absorbs water and nutrients from the soil is....
    rhizoid
  104. What characteristic do club mosses and ferns share?
    they are vascular plants
  105. What doe ferns spores produce?
    sori
  106. What is a benefit of hydroponics?
    it allows crops to grow in poor soil and small spaces
  107. the capsule at the end of a moss contains....
    spores
  108. What part of ferns grow underground?
    roots and stem
  109. The waste product _________ is removed from a fish's blood through its gills.
    carbon dioxide
  110. Most of a fish's movements are related to....
    feeding
  111. Most adult amphibians can obtain oxygen through.....
    lungs and thin skin
  112. Why are amphibians especially sensitive to environmental changes?
    they have thin skin
  113. What organs in the body help a reptile keep water in its body?
    skin and kidneys
  114. A tadpole looses its gills and develops lungs through the process of ________.
    metamorphism
  115. An insect that looks like a small adult when it hatches goes through ________ metamorphosis.
    gradual
  116. Snails and slugs belong to which group of mollusks?
    gastropods
  117. What characteristic is not common to all arthropods?
    a backbone
  118. How does camouflage benefit insects?
    to hide them from predators
  119. Is a nymph part of gradual or complete metamorphosis?
    gradual
  120. What is a characteristic of an echinoderm?
    5 part radial symmetry
  121. What is the function of a mollusk's mantle?
    it produces shell
  122. Many arthropods have ______ that help them sense the environment.
    antennae
  123. During complete metamorphosis, an insect becomes a ______ when it is enclosed in a protective covering.
    pupa
  124. What is the outermost layer of skin called?
    epidermis
  125. What are the spaces in between bones filled with?
    marrow
  126. How does the skin protect the body from disease?
    by keeping disease outside the body
  127. How do feather keep a bird warm?
    by trapping heat close to the body
  128. How are the toes of perching birds adapted?
    the toes can lock onto a branch
  129. The breakdown of complex food molecules into simpler ones is ________ digestion.
    chemical
  130. What carbohydrate helps your digestive system function even though your body cannot digest it?
    fiber
  131. What should make up the largest part of a persons diet?
    breads, cereal, rice and pastas
  132. What substance in the mouth contains an enzyme that begins chemical digestion?
    saliva
  133. What process involves muscle contractions that move food through the esophagus?
    preistalsis
  134. In what part of the body does most chemical digestion take place?
    small intenstine
  135. What organ produces bile?
    liver
  136. Chemical digestion in the stomach is helped by the strong acid called _______ acid.
    hydrochloric
  137. When you swallow, a flap of tissue called the ______ prevents food from entering your windpipe.
    epiglottis
  138. What is peat?
    layers of compressed dead plants in a bog

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