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Science Final (6/14/11) Ch.8-15 skip 14
Where do amphibians live (type of environment?)
Wet and warm places
If an animal is an ectotherm, it has a body that does not.....
produce much internal heat
An animal whose body temperature does not change with the environment is called....
How do fish reproduce?
What type of fish is a lamprey?
a jawless fish
What is the function of a swim bladder?
to control buoyancy
How many chambers are in an adult amphibians' heart?
How is a reptile egg different from an amphibian egg?
it has a soft leathery shell
What does the backbone protect in the vertebrate?
the spinal cord
When the temperature of the environment changes, Reptiles and amphibians temperature....
What are sharks skeletons made of?
How is a bivalve protected?
By 2 shells held together by hinges and strong muscles
How does a bivalve obtain food?
Filtering it from the water
How do cephalopods move?
By using jet propulsion
How is the body of a spider arranged?
2 body sections and no antennae
Why does molting occur?
When a nymph outgrows it's exoskeleton
What symmetry does an echinoderm have?
5 part radial symmetry
What is an example of a echinoderm?
starfish, sea urchin
How does an echinoderm use its water vascular system?
To capture food and move
What is the main function of the radula of a mollusk?
to scrap food from the surface
What is a characteristic of a millipede?
2 pairs of leg on each segment
How does a grasshopper get oxygen?
through its skin
The group of mollusks with the most complex nervous system is....
What is the function of tube feet?
They are suction cups that help the animal move
How many chambers does a bird's heart have?
How do hollow bones help a bird?
They help the bird fly
What structure help the bird get enough oxygen?
The earliest mammals were....
small, mouse-sized animals
A large muscle that allows mammals to breath is called....
What is an incisor used for?
to penetrate food
What are canines used for?
to bite and tear into food
What are premolars and molars used for?
To grind food into small pieces
Which type of mammal lays eggs?
What is an example of a monotreme?
duck-billed platypus (Platipie.... ? (Ryan Higa))
What is an example of a placental mammal?
human, dolphin, bear, coyote, dog, cat, whale, mouse,
What is the function of a placenta?
to pass materials between the mother and the embroyo
When a bird's wing moves through the air, the air pressure on the wing is less ___________ the wing.
above the wing
What is the name of an upward force that allows a bird to fly?
What characteristic is used to classify an animal as a monotreme, marsupial or placental mammal?
the way young develop
What is the difference between a monotreme, a marsupial or a placental mammal?
: lays eggs
: live young, but finishes developing in the mother's pouch
: live birth, born fully functional
What is a gestation period?
the time between fertilization and birth
What type of feathers give a bird it's shape?
What type of feathers keep the bird warm?
The Cnidarian body plan that is shaped like a bowl is called a .........
The process by which a new organism forms from the joining of an egg cell and a sperm cell is called....
What is bilateral symmetry?
One line that can be draw to divide the animal into mirror halves
How does a sponge gather food?
By trapping it with pores
What feeding behavior do cnidarians exhibit?
How does a cnidarian capture food?
stinging it with venom and paralyzing it (JELLYFISH..... grrrrrrrrrr)
What is a vase-shaped cnidarian?
How does a roundworm's digestion work?
food enters the body and wastes leave the body through the same opening
A segmented worm has a _________ circulatory system.
What group of worms do Planaria belong to?
What is the main function of leaves?
What happens in Phloem?
Food moves down
How does Germination begin?
When a seed absorbs water
How do gases pass in and out of a leaf?
What part of a woody stem produces new vascular tissue?
Where does the zygote of a gymnosperm develop?
in the ovule
What is a characteristic of all angiosperms?
They all produce fruits
What are a flower's female reproductive parts called?
What part of a flower becomes fruit?
What are the 4 characteristics of Monocots?
One cotyledon, Parallel veins, scattered bundles of vascular tissue, flower parts in 3's
What are the 4 characteristics of Dicots?
2 cotyledons, branching veins, circle of vascular tissue, flower parts in 4's or 5's
What characteristic do all gymnosperms share?
They produce naked seeds
What are the reproductive structures of gymnosperms called?
What is the process called where water evaporates from a plants leaves?
As the seeds of an angiosperm develop, the ovary changes into a ___________?
fruit (Angie from george lopez is nice and sweet and caring.... she GIVES FRUITS)
How does having a tasty, nutritious fruit help a plant?
Animals will eat it and then disperse the seeds
What is the stomach lines with?
What is homeostasis?
The body's ability to maintain a stable internal temperature even if the outside temperature changes.
What is a newborn baby mostly made of?
Why is a newborn made of mostly cartilage?
So it can pass through the birth canal
What is the structure of a bone? From the outside to the inside
outer membrane, compact bone, marrow, and spongy bone at the end of bones
What type of joint allows the most movement?
ball and socket
Name the 5 different types of joints.
Hinge, ball and socket, immovable, pivot, gliding
What type of muscle tires quickly during exercises?
How do pairs of skeletal muscles work together?
while one muscle in the pair contracts, the other returns to its original length
Where are the nerves, blood vessels, and hair follicles located?
in the dermis
What type of muscle controls digestion?
What type of joint is a ankle?
Ball and socket
What type of joint is the skull?
What is vascular tissue?
internal system of tubelike structures through which water and food move inside in the plant
What is the the fertilized egg in plants called?
What is a nonvascular plant?
A plant that lacks vascular tissue, low growing plants
What is the gametophyte stage?
when the plant produces 2 types of sex cells or gametes (sperm and egg cells)
What is a Liverwort?
Names for the shape of it's body, a non-vascular plant, found growing as a thick crust on rocks
What are characteristics of Ferns?
They have vascular tissue and use spores to reproduce
What are ferns' leaves called?
What is an example of a segmented worm?
Water enters a sponge through the opening called...
What phylum do sponges belong to?
At the beginning of its life, a coral is a...
What are the 3 major groups of worms?
roundworms, segmented, flat
A hydra is an example of a Canadian with the ______ body plan.
Plants are ______ that contain many cells.
Photosynthesis in plants produces....
sugar and oxygen
The raw materials in photosynthesis are....
carbon dioxide and water
The adaptation that helps plants retain water is the.....
What stage produces the egg and sperm cells during the life cycle of a plant?
Where does sphagnum moss grow?
How do nonvascular plants differ from vascular plants?
how they transport water and nutrients
The part of the moss that absorbs water and nutrients from the soil is....
What characteristic do club mosses and ferns share?
they are vascular plants
What doe ferns spores produce?
What is a benefit of hydroponics?
it allows crops to grow in poor soil and small spaces
the capsule at the end of a moss contains....
What part of ferns grow underground?
roots and stem
The waste product _________ is removed from a fish's blood through its gills.
Most of a fish's movements are related to....
Most adult amphibians can obtain oxygen through.....
lungs and thin skin
Why are amphibians especially sensitive to environmental changes?
they have thin skin
What organs in the body help a reptile keep water in its body?
skin and kidneys
A tadpole looses its gills and develops lungs through the process of ________.
An insect that looks like a small adult when it hatches goes through ________ metamorphosis.
Snails and slugs belong to which group of mollusks?
What characteristic is not common to all arthropods?
How does camouflage benefit insects?
to hide them from predators
Is a nymph part of gradual or complete metamorphosis?
What is a characteristic of an echinoderm?
5 part radial symmetry
What is the function of a mollusk's mantle?
it produces shell
Many arthropods have ______ that help them sense the environment.
During complete metamorphosis, an insect becomes a ______ when it is enclosed in a protective covering.
What is the outermost layer of skin called?
What are the spaces in between bones filled with?
How does the skin protect the body from disease?
by keeping disease outside the body
How do feather keep a bird warm?
by trapping heat close to the body
How are the toes of perching birds adapted?
the toes can lock onto a branch
The breakdown of complex food molecules into simpler ones is ________ digestion.
What carbohydrate helps your digestive system function even though your body cannot digest it?
What should make up the largest part of a persons diet?
breads, cereal, rice and pastas
What substance in the mouth contains an enzyme that begins chemical digestion?
What process involves muscle contractions that move food through the esophagus?
In what part of the body does most chemical digestion take place?
What organ produces bile?
Chemical digestion in the stomach is helped by the strong acid called _______ acid.
When you swallow, a flap of tissue called the ______ prevents food from entering your windpipe.
What is peat?
layers of compressed dead plants in a bog