Social Studies World War I

The flashcards below were created by user MoonRacer on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. What were the four main causes of World War I?
    • Militarism
    • Alliances
    • Imperialism
    • Nationalism
  2. Alliance
    A friendly agreement between countries that often promise mutual defense for each other.
  3. Nationalism
    Pride in one's country
  4. Militarism
    The belief that you need to have and use a strong military.
  5. Neutrality
    Not choosing sides. This was the US policy during the beginning of WWI
  6. Isolationism
    When a country isolates themselves from the other problems in foreign affairs.
  7. Pacific and Central America
    The areas that the US focused on before WWI.
  8. Austria Hungary
    The country that Franz Ferdinand was assinateed and srated the war.
  9. Allied Powers
    • Serbia
    • France
    • Great Britain
    • US
    • Russia
    • Fought the Centarl Powers
  10. Central Powers
    • Germany
    • Bulgaria
    • Ottoman Empire
    • Ausria-Hungary
    • Fought the Allied Powers
  11. Trench Warfare
    A war fought in trenches. This was the main type of fighting during WWI and lead to a stalemate. This was a new style oof fighting
  12. No man's land
    Thee area where no one controlled and fighting took place between the trenches.
  13. Barbed wire
    Wire that was placed between two fences.
  14. Tank
    A new technology in war
  15. Chemical Warfare
    A new technology that started during WWI. This is very deadly and not used as much anymore because of its cruel and harmful effects.
  16. Western Front
    Where most of the fighting took place
  17. Stalemate
    Where no one is winning the war. This is what went on between 1914 and 1917.
  18. Sinking of the Lusitania
    A British and US passenger ship was sunk and was a major reason the US started to fight in the war.
  19. Unrestricted Subamrine Warfare
    The policy the Germans had. Just shoot torpedoes at anything that isn't friendly.
  20. Zimmerman Telegram
    The telegram that Germany sent to Mexico and the US intercepted that stated that if Mexico would keep the US out of war and not an enemy, then Germany would help them fight America for their land back. Another big reason for the US involvement.
  21. War bonds
    Loans the peoplee gave tot the government to help pay for the war.
  22. National War Labor Board
    Set all of the wages and working rules to help control the outrageous power of the people who would strike and boycott because of the hard times, in order for the economy to focus on making war materials for the government.
  23. Pacifist
    A person who doesn't want violence or war.
  24. Socialist
    Someone who believes the government should own all of the economy.
  25. Selective Service Act
    All men had to register for a lottery drawing to join th military if you were between the ages of 21 and 30.
  26. Draft
    When someone is forced into the military by the lottery formed by the Selective Service Act.
  27. Sedition Act
    Made speaking against the government during World War I illegal to prevent dirt from being thrown on the war effort.
  28. Convoy
    A group of ships that travel together.
  29. Russian Revolution
    The Russian Revolution in the country took Russia out of the war for their domestic needs. They became communist, and the demand for the US to come help the Allies was more important.
  30. The Great Migration
    African Americans moving North to find jobs in factories when they were widely available in the 1910's.
  31. War Industries Board
    Decided who made what and for what. Decided what was going to be needed for the war.
  32. Armistice
    Cease Fire, temporarily stopping the fighting to try and work out a treaty.
  33. 14 Points
    Woodrow Wilsons idea for peace after WWI
  34. League of Nations
    An international government that would keep peace throughout the world.
  35. Senate Rejection
    The US didn't join the League of Nations because of Senate rejection, even though it was Woodrow Wilson's idea.
  36. Propaganda
    Information designed to influence what you think.
  37. Treaty of Versailles
    The treaty that ended World War I
  38. How did the War start?
    • Nationalism-Feelings of intense loyalty, countries would unify and start, ethnic groups started countries on their own
    • Imperialism-Countries overpowering others, and competed for colonies, because colonies equal money and money equals power.
    • Militarism-Belief that a strong army is needed to protect your country and gain more colonies, and militaries grew
    • Alliances-Friendships of protection. They can be secret.
    • Assassination of Franz Ferdinand
  39. Why did the Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand cause so much trouble?
    When Serbia killed Austria-Hungary's future leader in an imperialistic threat, extreme nationalism from both sides brought them to war because they both had militaries due to their beliefs of militarism. Because the alliances both sides had, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, and Germany declared war on Serbia's allies Russia and France because Germany was Austria-Hungary's ally. Theen Frances ally Great Britain declared war on Germany and started the whole war.
  40. What was the United States position at the beginning of war, and how and why do they change.
    • The US was neutral at the beginning of the war following the policy of isolationaism, but the following things change their mind and they find it necessary to join:
    • Lusitania is sunk
    • Germany continued to sink ships after they promised not to (unrestricted submarine warfare)
    • Zimmerman Telegram is intercepted.
  41. What were some key points in Woodrow Wilsons 14 points.
    • Nations should be able to choose their own governments.
    • Stop imperializing
    • Freedom of the Seas
    • League of Nations should be created
    • No secret treaties
    • Don't punish the loser
  42. Why was the war in a stalemate for so long?
    • Trenches
    • No mans land made it hard for people to easily fight in close combat
    • Neither side could push forward.
    • Technology increased the amount of deaths but made neither side pull ahead.
  43. What were the results of the war?
    • Germany was heavily punished
    • Germany needed to accept the blame for the war, demilitarize (get rid of army), lose their colonies, and pay for all of the reparations.
    • Germany payed off their debts by printing money and caused huge inflation and leads to an economic depression
    • Multiple countries changed names, lost territory, and many new countries were created. Includes the formation of Poland.
    • Caused WWII
Card Set
Social Studies World War I
Social Studies World War I
Show Answers