EMT 104

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
89563
Filename:
EMT 104
Updated:
2011-06-06 23:11:09
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EMT
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Description:
THINGS TO KNOW AND LOVE FOR THE EMT-BASIC FINAL EXAMINATION
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  1. IDENTIFY SIGNS AND SYPMTOPMS OF ORAL POISONING IN CHILDREN
    THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS VARY WIDELY DEPENDING ON THE SUBSTANCE AND AGE AND WEIGHT OIF THE CHILD. THE CHILD MAY APPEAR NORMAL AT FIRST, EVEN IN SERIOUS CASES, OR HE MAY BE CONFUSED, SLEEPY OR UNCONSCIOUS
  2. DEFINE BODY SUBSTANCE ISOLATION
    AN INFECTION CONTROL CONCEPT THAT ASSUMES THAT ALL BODY FLUIDS ARE POTENTIALLY INFECTIOUS
  3. DEFINE S.A.M.P.L.E.
    • S=SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
    • A=ALLERGIES
    • M=MEDICATIONS
    • P=PERTINENT PAST HISTORY
    • L=LAST ORAL INTAKE
    • E=EVENTS LEADING TO THE INJURY OR ILLNESS
  4. IDENTIFY SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF INADEQUATE BREATHING
    • USING THE ACCESSORY MUSCLES OF THE CHEST, NECK, AND ABDOMEN.
    • MUSCLE RETRACTIONS ABOVE THE CLAVICLAES, BETWEEN THE RIBS, AND ELOW THE CAGE.
    • PALE OR CYANOTIC (BLUE) SKIN
    • COOL, DAMP (CLAMMY) SKIN
    • TRIPOD POSITION
  5. LIST PARTS OF THE SKULL
    PARIETAL BONE, FRONTAL BONE,SPHENOID BONE,TEMPORAL BONE,LACRIMAL BONE,ZYGOMATIC BONE,MIDDLE AND INFERIOR NASAL CONCHA,NASAL BONE,MANDIBLE,MAXILLAE,VOMER,ETHMOID BONE,NASAL BONES
  6. IDENTIFY COMMON MEDICAL CONDITIONS FOUND ON A MEDICAL IDENTIFICATION BRACELET
    • HEART CONDITIONS
    • DIABETES
    • ALLERGIES
    • EPILEPSY
    • OTHER INFORMATION
  7. LIST TREATMENT FOR HEAT-RELATED ENVIRONMENTAL EMERGENCY
    "HEAT CRAMPS"
    • REMOVE PATIENT FROM THE HOT ENVIRONMENT
    • REST THE CRAMPING MUSCLES
    • REPLACE FLUIDS
  8. LIST THE TREATMENT FOR HEAT EXHAUSTION
    • REMOVE EXCESSIVE LAYERS OF CLOTHING
    • MOVE THE PATIENT FROM THE HOT ENVIRONMENT
    • GIVE THE PATIENT OXYGEN
    • ENCOURAGE THE PATIENT TO LIE DOWN
    • IF ALERT, ENCOURAGE TO SIT UP AND DRINK WATER
  9. LIST THE TREATMENT FOR HEAT STROKE
    • MOVE PATIENT INTO AMBULNACE
    • SET AIR CONDITIONING ON MAX
    • REMOVE CLOTHING
    • ADMIN OXYGEN
    • APPLY COOL PACKS TO NECK, GROIN, AND ARMPITS
    • COVER PATIENT WITG WET TOWELS
    • AGGRESSIVELY/REPEATEDLY FAN PATIENT
    • PROVIDE FOR TRANSPORT
    • NOTIFY THE HOSPITAL
  10. DEFINE BILE
    A BITTER GREENISH BROWN AKALINE FLUID THAT AIDS DIGESTION AND IS SECRETED BY THE LIVER, AND STORED IN THE GALL BLADDER
  11. IDENTIFY THE MECHANISM OF ACTION OF ACTIVATED CHARCOAL, ORAL GLUCOSE, NITROGLYCERIN, AND ASPIRIN
    UNDER THE DIRECTION OF MEDICAL CONTROL
  12. DESCRIBE HOW TO VENTILATE THE INFANT,CHILD, ADULT
    30:2 FOR ADULTS AND CHILDREN 15:2 FOR INFANTS
  13. IDENTIFY THE EMT-B'S PRIMARY CONCERN AT THE SCENE OF A HAZARDOUS MATERIALS INCIDENT
    • SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS
    • CONTAMINATION
  14. IDENTIFY MEDICAL DEVICES USED BY SPECIAL NEEDS CHILDREN
    TBD
  15. DEFINE MUSCLES
    A ABND OR BUNDLE OF FIBROUS TISSUE THAT HAS THE ABILITY TO CONTRACT PRODUCING MOVEMENT IN OR MAINTAINING POSITION OF THE PARTS OF THE BODY
  16. DEFINE TENDON
    ATTACHES A MUSCLE TO A BONE
  17. DEFINE CARTILAGE
    FLEXIBLE, FIRM CONNECTIVE TISSUE. PADDING
  18. DEFINE LIGAMENT
    CONNECTS TWO BONES OR CARTILAGES OR HOLDS TOGETHER A JOINT
  19. LIST COMPLICATIONS OF RESCUE BREATHING
    GASTRIC DISTENTION
  20. LIST TREATMENT FOR ANAPHYLACTIC SHOCK
    TX-O2,EPI-PEN UNDER MEDICAL CONTROL
  21. list treatment for chest pain associated with cardiac emergency - ANGINA
    • 02
    • sitting down
    • nitroglycerin
  22. Priority 1 - treatable life threats
    • severe medical problems
    • shock
    • severe burns
  23. Priority 2 - serious but not life threatening
    • burns without airway problems
    • major or multiple bone or joint injuries
    • back injuries
  24. Priority 3 - Waling wounded
    • minor injuries to extremities
    • minor soft tissue injuries
  25. Priority 4 - Dead/Fatally injured
    • cardiac arrest
    • decapitaion
    • incineration
    • or injuries incaompatible with life
  26. list treatment for an upper airway obstruction

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