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Sleep and Rest
When people at at rest, they usually feel mentally relaxed, free from anxiety, and physically calm.
Sleep is a recurrent, altered state of consciousness that occurs for sustained periods.
People experience cyclical rhythms as part of their everyday life.
Night shift 4pm
Dayshift 3am all depends on your schedule
Sleep involves a sequence of physiological states maintained by highly integrated central nervous system (CNS) activity that is associated with changes in the peripheral nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, respiratory, and muscular systems.
Stages of Sleep
Normal sleep involves two phases: nonrapid eye movement (NREM) sleep and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep.
Stage 1 of Sleep
sitting in class day dreaming sense hypersensitive to other stimuli
Stage 2 of Sleep
considered sound sleep, more relaxed but still easily aroused body function starts to slow down
Stage 3 of Sleep
deep sleep difficult to arouse, rarely move, muscles start to relax, vitals start to really slow
Stage 4 of Sleep
deepest, very difficult to arouse, vitals are very low and lowest point, if person is prone to sleep walkin and bed wetting this is when It occurs
vivid dreams vitals begin to go up, loss of muscle tone, increase in GI secretions, eyes move around
Once asleep, the person usually passes through four to six complete sleep cycles, each consisting of four stages of NREM sleep and a period of REM sleep.
Dreams of REM
The dreams of REM sleep are more vivid and elaborate than those of NREM sleep and are believed to be functionally important to the consolidation of long-term memory.
- Sleep disorders are conditions that, if untreated, cause disturbed nighttime sleep that results in
- one of three problems: insomnia; abnormal movements or sensation during sleep or when awakening at night; or excessive daytime sleepiness.
Inability to fall asleep of having frequent awakening
Impulse to breath fails waking the person up every time they need to take that breath which causes insomnia
fall asleep while they are talkin to you. very big safety risk
SIDs, sleep walking, night terrors, bed wetting, tooth grinding,
Health Promotions for Sleeping
Managing specific sleep disturbances