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  1. Sleep and Rest
    When people at at rest, they usually feel mentally relaxed, free from anxiety, and physically calm.

    Sleep is a recurrent, altered state of consciousness that occurs for sustained periods.
  2. Circadiam Rhythms
    People experience cyclical rhythms as part of their everyday life.

    Circadian rhythm

    Biological clocks

    Night shift 4pm

    Dayshift 3am all depends on your schedule
  3. Sleep Regulation
    Sleep involves a sequence of physiological states maintained by highly integrated central nervous system (CNS) activity that is associated with changes in the peripheral nervous, endocrine, cardiovascular, respiratory, and muscular systems.
  4. Stages of Sleep
    Normal sleep involves two phases: nonrapid eye movement (NREM) sleep and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep.
  5. Stage 1 of Sleep
    sitting in class day dreaming sense hypersensitive to other stimuli
  6. Stage 2 of Sleep
    considered sound sleep, more relaxed but still easily aroused body function starts to slow down
  7. Stage 3 of Sleep
    deep sleep difficult to arouse, rarely move, muscles start to relax, vitals start to really slow
  8. Stage 4 of Sleep
    deepest, very difficult to arouse, vitals are very low and lowest point, if person is prone to sleep walkin and bed wetting this is when It occurs
  9. REM
    vivid dreams vitals begin to go up, loss of muscle tone, increase in GI secretions, eyes move around
  10. Sleep Cycle
    Once asleep, the person usually passes through four to six complete sleep cycles, each consisting of four stages of NREM sleep and a period of REM sleep.
  11. Dreams of REM
    The dreams of REM sleep are more vivid and elaborate than those of NREM sleep and are believed to be functionally important to the consolidation of long-term memory.
  12. Sleep Disorders
    • Sleep disorders are conditions that, if untreated, cause disturbed nighttime sleep that results in
    • one of three problems: insomnia; abnormal movements or sensation during sleep or when awakening at night; or excessive daytime sleepiness.
  13. Insomnia
    Inability to fall asleep of having frequent awakening
  14. Sleep Apnea
    Impulse to breath fails waking the person up every time they need to take that breath which causes insomnia
  15. Narcolepsy
    fall asleep while they are talkin to you. very big safety risk
  16. Parasomnias
    SIDs, sleep walking, night terrors, bed wetting, tooth grinding,
  17. Health Promotions for Sleeping
    Stress reduction

    Bedtime snacks

    Pharmacological approaches

    Managing specific sleep disturbances
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