Judicial Notice (FRE 201)
Judicial Notice is the recognition of a fact as true without formal presentation of evidence.
A court may take judicial notice of indisputable facts which come in two forms:
1. Matters of common knowledge within the court's territorial jurisdiction (Amtrak stops at NYP).
2. Matters capable of easy verification by reference to unquestionable sources (Almanac dates)
--Timing. JN may be taken at any time, including on appeal.
--Effect. JN facts are considered conclusive in civil, but not criminal cases.